Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof
Entrance hall of station
Operations
Category 1
Type Crossing station
Platforms in use
  • 16 rail
  • 4 tram
  • 4 U-Bahn
Daily trains
  • 180 long distance[1]
  • 450 regional[1]
  • 500 S-Bahn[1]
Daily entry/exit 250,000[1]
DS100 code KD
Station code 1401
Construction and location
Opened 1891 station of PSE
1936 Bahnhof der DRG
Style of architecture New Objectivity
Architect Krüger and Eduard Behne
Location Düsseldorf
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
51°13′13″N 6°47′34″E / 51.22028°N 6.79278°E / 51.22028; 6.79278Coordinates: 51°13′13″N 6°47′34″E / 51.22028°N 6.79278°E / 51.22028; 6.79278
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia

Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in the city of Düsseldorf in Germany, state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia.

History[edit]

Realigment of the lines, former BME line in red, former CME lines in yellow, former RhE line in orange, new combined lines in green
Original station in 1900

The station was opened on 1 October 1891. It replaced the three following stations:[2]

Both the Bergisch-Märkische and the Cologne-Minden stations were on the southern edge of the city and were in the way of the construction of Friedrichstadt. The wish to clear the way for the new development was a reason to build a new station in addition to the desire to bring together the stations and lines following the nationalisation of the railway companies of Rhineland-Westphalia between 1879 and 1882.

Construction of station building in the 1930s[edit]

The original Hauptbahnhof was built in the Wilhelmine style. After three decades it had become too small and its style had become unfashionable. In November 1930, eight designs were submitted to the public as part of a competition to redesign the station. The station building was built from 1932-1936 conforming to a design dictated by the Reichsbahn directorate of Wuppertal and its architects, Krüger and Eduard Behne.[2] It features a notable clock tower.

The station underwent major reconstruction in the 1980s, finishing in 1985, when the Stadtbahn lines passing under the station were opened. This reconstruction involved the remodeling of the old ticket offices into a food court, the installation of lifts and the opening of the station toward the city borough of Oberbilk, where, at the western exit of the station, new office buildings were erected on the site of a former steel works. The former 1st class waiting room has been remodeled into a hotel and a discothèque.

Some minor changes were carried out in the year 2005; the old toilets from 1985 were torn out to make room for a fast food restaurant, a small 1st class lounge was installed in the northern passenger tunnel also. The dated ceilings and information systems in the passenger tunnels are scheduled for replacement also, as they do not meet current fire protection standards.

Operational usage[edit]

The station is frequented by roughly a quarter million passengers per day and is therefore Germany's fourth busiest station. All modes of rail transport are offered on the 20 main line tracks (16 platforms currently in use), including InterCityExpress, InterCity and EuroCity trains for long distance travel, DB NachtZug, D-Nacht and EuroNight overnight trains as well as RegionalExpress, RegionalBahn and S-Bahn services for regional distribution. The station is integrated into the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn network and local traffic operates under the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr transport association. The subterranean station, operated by Rheinbahn, has 4 tracks that are part of the Stadtbahn lines of Düsseldorf. The 6 tramway stops in front of the station connect the Hauptbahnhof to the local tram network, also operated by Rheinbahn.

Train services[edit]

The following services currently call at Düsseldorf Hbf (list not complete):

  • intercity services:
  • regional services:
    • NRW-Express Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Paderborn
    • Rhein-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
    • Rhein-Emscher-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Gelsenkirchen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
    • Wupper-Express Dortmund - Hagen - Wuppertal - Düsseldorf - Mönchengladbach - Aachen
    • Rhein-Express Emmerich - Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
    • Westfalen-Express Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Bielefeld - Minden
    • Maas-Wupper-Express Venlo - Viersen - Mönchengladbach - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen - Hamm
  • local services (S-Bahn):
    • S1 Solingen - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund
    • S6 Essen - Kettwig - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Köln-Nippes
    • S8 Mönchengladbach - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen
    • S11 Düsseldorf Airport Terminal - Düsseldorf - Neuss - Cologne - Bergisch Gladbach
    • S28 Kaarster See - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Mettmann
    • S68 Langenfeld - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal-Vohwinkel
Series Operator Route Material Frequency Notes
ICE10 DB Berlin Ostbahnhof - Berlin Hbf - Berlin-Spandau - Wolfsburg Hbf - Hannover Hbf - Bielefeld Hbf - Hamm - Dortmund Hbf - Bochum Hbf - Essen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Flughafen - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Messe/Deutz - Köln/Bonn Flughafen ICE 1 1x per hour
IC35 DB Norddeich Mole - Norddeich - Norden - Emden Hbf - Leer - Papenburg - Meppen - Lingen (Ems) - Rheine - Münster Hbf - Recklinghausen Hbf - Wanne-Eickel Hbf - Gelsenkirchen Hbf - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Hbf - Bonn Hbf - Remagen - Andernach - Koblenz Hbf - Cochem - Bullay - Wittlich Hbf - Trier Hbf - Wasserbillig - Luxembourg DB Class 101, DB Class 120 and IC stock Every 2 Hours
RB35 Der Weseler DB Regio Emmerich - Praest - Millingen - Empel-Rees - Haldern - Mehrhoog - Wesel-Feldmark - Wesel - Friedrichsfeld - Voerde - Dinslaken - Oberhausen-Holten - Oberhausen-Sterkrade - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Flughafen - Düsseldorf Hbf DB Class 425, DB Class 110 + Coaching Stock 1x per hour Peak Times only (Monday - Friday)
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris-Nord
Thalys
toward Essen Hbf
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus ICE 10
Select trains only
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 31
towards Kiel Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 41
towards Dortmund Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 42
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
ICE 78
towards Wien Westbf
ICE 91
towards Dortmund Hbf
Terminus
IC 26
Köln-Hamburg
towards Chur
IC/EC 30
towards Innsbruck Hbf
IC/EC 32
IC/EC 35
Terminus
IC 55
towards Leipzig Hbf
Terminus
IC 51
CityNightLine 419
EuroNight 447
CityNightLine 457
toward Prague

Regional trains[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport S-Bahn service
Duisburg Hbf
Duisburg-Rahm
Düsseldorf-Angermund
Düsseldorf Airport
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
SkyTrain Terminal C
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
Düsseldorf-Unterrath
Düsseldorf-Derendorf
Düsseldorf Zoo
Düsseldorf-Wehrhahn
Düsseldorf Hbf
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
Terminus RE 2
Rhein-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 4
Wupper-Express
toward Dortmund Hbf
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Emmerich
Terminus RE 6
Westfalen-Express
toward Minden
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
toward Hamm
RB 35
Der Weseler
toward Emmerich
toward Cologne Hbf
RB 38
Erft-Bahn
Terminus
Preceding station   eurobahn   Following station
Terminus RE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
toward Hamm
toward Venlo
RE 13
Maas-Wupper-Express
toward Hamm
Preceding station   NordWestBahn   Following station
toward Kleve
RE 10
Niers-Express
Terminus

S-Bahn trains[edit]

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1
toward Dortmund Hbf
toward Köln-Nippes
S 6
toward Essen Hbf
S 8
toward Hagen Hbf
S 11
toward Kaarster See
S 28
toward Langenfeld
S 68

Local trains[edit]

Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof station of Stadtbahn Düsseldorf
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn   Following station
U70 Terminus
U74
toward Neuss Hbf
U75
U76
Terminus
toward Am Seestern
U77
toward Holthausen
U78 Terminus
U79

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof – Information to station, More Information, Facts & figures". Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Der Hauptbahnhof" (in German). Stadtarchiv Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf. Retrieved 4 April 2010.