Düsseldorf Airport

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Düsseldorf Airport
Flughafen Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf Airport logo 2013.png
Dusseldorf - International (Rhein-Ruhr - Lohausen) (DUS - EDDL) AN1762145.jpg
IATA: DUSICAO: EDDL
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Düsseldorf GmbH
Serves Düsseldorf, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 44.8 m / 147 ft
Coordinates 51°17′22″N 006°46′00″E / 51.28944°N 6.76667°E / 51.28944; 6.76667Coordinates: 51°17′22″N 006°46′00″E / 51.28944°N 6.76667°E / 51.28944; 6.76667
Website dus.com
Map
DUS is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
DUS
DUS
Location in North Rhine-Westphalia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,000 10,474 Concrete
05L/23R 2,700 10,809 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 21,850,489
Passenger change 13–14 Increase2.9%
Aircraft movements 210,720
Movements change 13–14 Decrease0.0%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Düsseldorf Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; IATA: DUSICAO: EDDL) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.

Düsseldorf is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt and Munich,[1] handling 21.8 million passengers in 2014 and serves as a hub for Air Berlin and Germanwings including Eurowings. Additionally, the airport features Lufthansa's only long-haul operations outside of its hubs in Frankfurt and Munich.

Overview[edit]

Usage[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region – the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world.[3] The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20-kilometre (12 mi) radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres (2.37 sq mi) of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity – but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.

With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010,[1] the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 20th busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.[1]

Ownership[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport is a public–private partnership with the following owners:

Facilities[edit]

Aerial overview
The main check-in-hall

Terminals[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building. The current terminal buildings are capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.

Terminal A[edit]

Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01–A16) used by Lufthansa and Germanwings, its airline partners and Star Alliance members, All Nippon Airways, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Air Lines. Terminal A houses two Lufthansa lounges. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after the 1996 fire.

Terminal B[edit]

Terminal B was origially inaugurated in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01–B11) used for domestic and EU-flights by a few Star Alliance members such as Aegean Airlines, but mainly by SkyTeam and Oneworld members like Air Berlin, British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, and Air France. Also located within this terminal are leisure carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.

Terminal C[edit]

Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01–C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines (except Turkish Airlines). These are long-haul flights – among others – by Air Berlin, Cathay Pacific, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel, part of a German hotel chain, and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years. Terminal C features the airports only parking position equipped with three jet-bridges to handle the Airbus A380.[4]

Executive Terminal[edit]

Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.

Runways and apron[edit]

Düsseldorf has two runways, which are 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) and 2,700 metres (8,858 ft) long. There are plans to extend the 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) runway to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft), but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway. 107 aircraft parking positions are available on the aprons.

Airport City[edit]

Since 2003, an area of 23 hectares (57 acres) south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 square metres (2,700,000 sq ft) to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel[5] and Congress Centre, a Sheraton Hotel and a cinema. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m or 1,600 ft).

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

A Alitalia Caravelle at Düsseldorf Airport in 1973

The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.

After the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area being under British administration the first flights were operated by British European Airways to the RAF Northolt.

In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 meters. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres.

In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started its operations. The additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport – making it number two in Germany.

By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.

Düsseldorf Airport fire[edit]

Reconstruction in progress in 1999 after the Düsseldorf Airport fire

On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, which has been the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out. It was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area and insufficient structural fire protection and destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport.

17 people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents.

In November 1997 Terminal C has been completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

Several LTU Airbus A330-200 at their Düsseldorf base in 2004

The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.

The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost was reopened.

In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph). The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.

On 12 November 2006, the first Airbus A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a promotion flight by Lufthansa. The airport is able to handle the A380 but scheduled services have yet to commence.

In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.[6]

In January 2015, Emirates announced to schedule the Airbus A380 on one of their two daily flights from Dubai to Düsseldorf starting in July 2015.[4]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Countries served by flights from Düsseldorf Airport as of February 2015
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Kalamata, Heraklion, Rhodes
B
Aer Lingus Dublin C
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo C
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg C
Air Berlin Abu Dhabi, Alicante, Antalya, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Cancun, Catania, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Djerba, Dresden, Faro, Florence, Fort Myers, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hurghada, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech,[7] Marsa Alam, Miami, Milan-Linate,[8] Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, New York-JFK, Naples, Nuremberg, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Sharm el-Sheikh, Stuttgart, Sylt, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Varadero, Venice-Marco Polo (resumes 29 March 2015), Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Agadir, Barbados, Cagliari, Calvi, Corfu, Enfidha, Heraklion, Innsbruck, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, La Romana, Los Angeles, Menorca, Montego Bay, Mytilene, Nice, Pointe-à-Pitre, Ponta Delgada, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Thessaloniki, Zakynthos
B, C
Air China Beijing-Capital A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle B
Air France
operated by CityJet
Paris-Charles de Gaulle B
Air France
operated by HOP!
Nantes B
Air Malta Malta B
Air Serbia Belgrade C
airBaltic Riga B
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna C
Alitalia Milan-Linate (begins 29 March 2015), Rome-Fiumicino (resumes 29 March 2015) B
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan-Linate (ends 28 March 2015), Rome-Fiumicino (ends 28 March 2015), Venice-Marco Polo[9] (ends 28 March 2015) B
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita[10] A
American Airlines Seasonal:[11] Chicago-O'Hare C
Atlasjet Seasonal charter: Antalya C
Austrian Airlines Graz (begins 1 April 2015), Linz (begins 1 April 2015), Vienna (resumes 1 April 2015) A
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Graz (ends 31 March 2015), Linz (ends 31 March 2015), Vienna (ends 31 March 2015) A
BMI Regional Bristol (begins 27 April 2015) C
British Airways London-Heathrow B
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City[12] B
British Airways
operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia
Billund B
Bulgaria Air Sofia (begins 4 June 2015)[13] C
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Varna C
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (begins 1 September 2015)[14] C
Condor Antalya, Djerba, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Larnaca, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Agadir, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kos, Lanzarote, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos (begins 25 May 2015)[15]
Charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum[16]
B, C
Corendon Airlines Antalya C
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split A
Czech Airlines Ostrava (begins 29 March 2015), Prague B
Delta Air Lines Atlanta C
easyJet London-Gatwick C
Emirates Dubai-International C
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi C
Eurolot Warsaw-Chopin (ends 31 March 2015)[17] A
Express Airways Seasonal: Brač (begins 15 May 2015) C
Finnair
operated by Flybe Nordic
Helsinki B
Flybe Birmingham, Manchester
Seasonal: Cardiff (begins 25 April 2015)
C
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir C
Germania[18] Beirut, Erbil, Gaziantep (ends 20 March 2015),[18] Hurghada (ends 22 June 2015),[18] Kayseri (ends 29 March 2015),[18] Kütahya (ends 21 March 2015),[18] Samsun (ends 25 March 2015),[18] Tehran-Imam Khomeini,[19] Trabzon (ends 26 March 2015)[18]
Seasonal: Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca (begins 4 May 2015),[20] Paphos (begins 29 March 2015),[18][20] Porto Santo, Sulaymaniyah
Charter: Gaziantep, Izmir, Karlovy Vary,[21] Malatya, Porto Santo, Pristina, Trabzon, Skopje[22]
B, C
Germanwings Athens (begins 9 April 2015),[23] Barcelona, Bastia, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Budapest, Dresden, Dublin, Enfidha, Hamburg, Izmir, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Málaga, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Vnukovo (ends 3 March 2015),[24][25] Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Saint Petersburg, Rome-Fiumicino, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Cagliari, Figari, Heraklion, Ibiza, Porto (begins 4 April 2015), Rijeka, Rhodes (begins 4 April 2015), Reykjavik-Keflavik (begins 1 June 2015), Split
A, C
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Basel/Mulhouse, Birmingham, Bucharest, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Katowice, Leipzig/Halle, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Nuremberg, Poznań, Prague, Stockholm-Arlanda, Valencia, Warsaw-Chopin, Wrocław, Zürich
Seasonal: Bari, Cagliari, Catania, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Heringsdorf, Jersey (begins 23 May 2015), Lamezia Terme, Montpellier, Newquay, Olbia, Zadar
A, C
Hahn Air Luxembourg B
Iberia Express Madrid B
Iraqi Airways Erbil, Sulaimaniyah C
InterSky Friedrichshafen B
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford C
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam B
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin (resumes 1 April 2015) A
Lufthansa Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Munich, Newark A
Mahan Air Teheran-Imam Khomeini C
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica C
Nesma Airlines Charter: Hurghada C
Nouvelair Enfidha C
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk[26]
Seasonal: Antalya
C
Orenair Seasonal: Barnaul, Chelyabinsk, Krasnodar, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg C
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri C
Royal Air Maroc Seasonal: Nador C
S7 Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo C
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda A
SunExpress Izmir
Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen
C
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Kayseri
Seasonal: Bodrum (begins 1 May 2015), Dalaman (begins 1 May 2015), Marsa Alam, Heraklion, Rhodes, Samsun (begins 29 March 2015), Seville (begins 29 April 2015), Varna (begins 7 May 2015) [27]
B, C
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich A
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich A
TAP Portugal Lisbon A
TUIfly Antalya, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Malta, Marsa Alam, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Malta, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras/Araxos, Rhodes
B, C
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Enfidha
C
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
C
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Santiago de Compostela (begins 27 June 2015)
B
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík B

Statistics[edit]

Monorail Sky Train

Passenger numbers[edit]

Number of passengers[28] Number of movements[29] Freight
(Tonnes)
2000 16.03 million 194,016 59,361
2001 Decrease 15.40 million 193,514 51,441
2002 Decrease 14.75 million 190,300 46,085
2003 Decrease 14.30 million 186,159 48,419
2004 Increase 15.26 million 200,584 86,267
2005 Increase 15.51 million 200,619 88,058
2006 Increase 16.59 million 215,481 97,000
2007 Increase 17.83 million 227,899 89,281
2008 Increase 18.15 million 228,531 90,100
2009 Decrease 17.79 million 214,024 76,916
2010 Increase 18.98 million 215,540 87,995
2011 Increase 20.39 million 221,668 81,521
2012 Increase 20.80 million 210,298 86,820
2013 Increase 21.23 million 210,828 110,814
2014 Increase 21.85 million 210,732 114,180
Source: ADV[30] and Düsseldorf Airport[31]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic and international routes to and from Düsseldorf Airport (2014)
Rank Destination Passengers handled
1 Munich 1,526,964
2 Palma de Mallorca 1,161,993
3 Berlin 1,113,415
4 London 923,346
5 Antalya 908,497
6 Vienna 791,867
7 Istanbul 777,310
8 Zürich 701,262
9 Hamburg 602,987
10 Moscow 498,877
11 Paris 478,889
12 Dubai 434,439
13 Frankfurt 385,343
14 Copenhagen 378,848
15 Madrid 376,146
16 Barcelona 359,032
17 Milano 315,752
18 Gran Canaria 311,909
19 Abu Dhabi 297,904
20 Fuerteventura 294,522
Source: Destatis[32]

Top five airlines[edit]

Biggest five airlines py passengers handled to and from Düsseldorf Airport (2014)
Rank Airline Passengers handled
1 Air Berlin 7,145,126
2 Lufthansa 3,538,027
3 Germanwings 2,178,817
4 Condor 903,138
5 Sun Express 678,253
Source: Düsseldorf Airport[33]

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport S-Bahn service
Duisburg Hbf
Duisburg-Rahm
Düsseldorf-Angermund
Düsseldorf Airport
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
SkyTrain Terminal C
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
Düsseldorf-Unterrath
Düsseldorf-Derendorf
Düsseldorf Zoo
Düsseldorf-Wehrhahn
Düsseldorf Hbf

Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations – one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The Düsseldorf Airport railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.

A fully automatic, suspended monorail called SkyTrain connects the long distance station to the parking areas and the passenger terminals and also serves as an inter-terminal connection.

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
Terminus S 11

Car[edit]

The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which part of the motorway A44 (BelgiumKassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well. There are taxis and counters of several car rental agencies available as well.

Bus[edit]

Additionally, there are several local bus lines connecting the airport with nearby areas and Düsseldorf city center.[34]

Other facilities[edit]

  • Düsseldorf Airport has the headquarters of Air Berlin's technical training facilities and also serves as one of their maintenance bases.[35]
  • The corporate head office of Blue Wings was also located in Terminal A at the airport.[37][38]

See also[edit]

  • Transport in Germany
  • Weeze Airport, an airport 80 km (50 mi) north-west from Düsseldorf, that is sometimes advertised by low-cost airlines as "Düsseldorf-Weeze" or "Weeze (Düsseldorf)". A German court ruled the naming the airport after Düsseldorf would be misleading to passengers, however some airlines still use that name in advertisements outside of Germany.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements[dead link]
  2. ^ "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Geo". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.airliners.de/emirates-duesseldorf-airbus-a380/34760
  5. ^ Hotel Düsseldorf. "Maritim Hotel Düsseldorf". Maritim.com. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Willkommen bei der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf". Duesseldorf. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Air Berlin et Niki : du nouveau au Maroc | Air Journal". Air-journal.fr. 25 March 2014. 
  8. ^ http://ch-aviation.com/portal/news/31957-air-berlin-to-switch-from-milan-malpensa-to-linate
  9. ^ As of December 15, Alitalia will inaugurate new daily service to Berlin and Dusseldorf
  10. ^ Press Release All Nippon Airways 18 December 2013
  11. ^ "American Airlines Adjusts International Winter Schedule" (Press release). American Airlines. 31 July 2014.  Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "BA to launch new London City routes". Business Traveller. 26 November 2013. 
  13. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/02/09/fb-dus-jun15/
  14. ^ Cathay Pacific to launch new service to Düsseldorf (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 3 February 2015.
  15. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/09/15/de-s15update1/
  16. ^ "Condor to move its charter flights to Dubai World Central - ch-aviation.com". Ch-aviation.ch. 
  17. ^ http://ch-aviation.com/portal/news/35063-eurolot-to-be-liquidated-will-suspend-operations-from-march-31
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h "Germania Flight Schedule / 30.12.2014 - 01.11.2015" (PDF). Germania. 
  19. ^ "Germania to Start Iran Service from late-Feb 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "Germania Planned New S15 Routes as of 19NOV14". Airline Route. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "Karlovarský kraj připravuje letecké spojení se západní Evropou". Kr-karlovarsky.cz. 23 September 2013. 
  22. ^ http://www.flygermania.de/download/file/Flugplaene/Flugplan.pdf
  23. ^ https://www.germanwings.com/de.html
  24. ^ https://www.germanwings.com/skysales/Select.aspx?culture=de-DE
  25. ^ http://biztravel.fvw.de/duesseldorf-germanwings-streicht-russland/393/139759/4070
  26. ^ https://book.onurair.com/web/RezvResults.xhtml
  27. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/12/03/xg-s15update2/
  28. ^ Number of passengers including both domestic and international.
  29. ^ Number of movements represents total commercial air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
  30. ^ "German Airport Statistics". 
  31. ^ "Düsseldorf Airport traffic statistics". 
  32. ^ "Route Statistics Statistisches Bundesamt.". 
  33. ^ "Facts and Figures Düsseldorf Airport.". 
  34. ^ http://www.dus.com/dus_en/bus/
  35. ^ "airberlin technik – airberlin technical training in Dusseldorf". Airberlin-technik.com. 
  36. ^ "Kontakt." LTU International. Retrieved 21 June 2009. "LTU International Airways Flughafen Düsseldorf, Halle 8 D40474 Düsseldorf"
  37. ^ "Contact." Blue Wings. 12 June 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG Duesseldorf Airport Terminal A 5. OG 40474 Duesseldorf, Germany"
  38. ^ "Welcome to Blue Wings." Blue Wings. 27 March 2009. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG . Düsseldorf Airport . Terminal A . D-40474 Düsseldorf . Germany"

External links[edit]

Media related to Düsseldorf Airport at Wikimedia Commons