D. F. Creighton

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David F. Creighton (March 1858 - November 30, 1936) was an architect, mechanical engineer, and construction manager from Pennsylvania. He designed worker housing in Gary, Indiana that incorporated concrete and terraces in what was termed terraced housing "based on the Philadelphia plan". It was progressive and "homey" and imaginative in its details.[1] About 77 of the houses that he designed in Gary survive.[2]

Life and career[edit]

Creighton was a Pennsylvania native who worked in Allegheny and Ambridge, Pennsylvania until at least 1910.[3][4][5][6] As of 1910, he was employed as a mechanical engineer by the United States Sheet and Tin Plate Company.[5] By 1911, he moved to Gary, Indiana, where he lived until 1920 at least.[7][8] Between 1910 and 1913, Creighton designed worker housing in Gary for the Sheet and Tin Plate Company.[2] He also worked for a time for the American Bridge Company.[1] By 1930, he returned to Pennsylvania.[9] He died in Pittsburgh in 1936.[10]

Selected works[edit]

A number of his works are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

  • American Sheet and Tin Mill Apartment Building, 633 W. 4th Ave., Gary.[11][12]
  • Jackson-Monroe Terraces Historic District, 404-423 Jackson St. and 408-426 Monroe St., Gary.[11][13]
  • Monroe Terrace Historic District, 304-318 Monroe St., Gary.[11]
  • Polk Street Terraces Historic District, 404-422 and 437-455 Polk St., Gary.[11][14]
  • Van Buren Terrace Historic District, 336-354 Van Buren St., Gary.[11]

Gallery[edit]

Contributions
American Sheet and Tin Mill Apartment Building. 
Polk Street Terraces. 
Monroe Terrace. 
Van Buren Terrace. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Christopher Baas. "USDI/NPS NRHP Multiple Property Documentation: Concrete in Steel City: The Edison Concept Houses of Gary Indiana". 
  2. ^ a b Charles Vinz (December 11, 2008). "The Sheet and Tin Plate Company Edison Concept Houses of Gary, Indiana". Proximity: Contemporary Art & Culture. 
  3. ^ Census entry for David Creighton. 1880 U.S. Census. Census Place: Allegheny, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1086; Family History Film: 1255086; Page: 105C; Enumeration District: 005; Image: 0213. (The 1880 Census lists a David Creighton, age 22, born in Pennsylvania, living as a boarder at a house in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. His occupation was listed as a carpenter.)
  4. ^ Census entry for David F. Creighton. 1900 U.S. Census. Census Place: Allegheny Ward 3, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1355; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 22; FHL microfilm: 1241355. (The 1900 Census has an entry for David F. Creighton, a Pennsylvania native born March 1858, living in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. His wife was identified as Amanda Creighton. They were living with Amanda's parents Robert and Mary Adair. David's occupation was listed as a "Mechanical Engineer.")
  5. ^ a b Census entry for D. F. Creighton. 1910 U.S. Census. Census Place: Harmony, Beaver, Pennsylvania; Roll: T624_1310; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 0031; Image: 512; FHL microfilm: 1375323. (The 1910 Census has an entry for a D. F. Creighton, a Pennsylvania native living in Harmony Township, Beaver County, Pennsylvania. He was 51 years old and living with his wife Amanda A. His occupation was listed as a "Mechanical Engineer" for a "Sheet & Tin Plate Co.")
  6. ^ Census entry for David F. Creighton. Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania 1910 Miracode Index [database on-line]. (The Pennsylvania 1910 Miracode Index shows a D. F. Creighton, age 51, a Pennsylvania native, living in Ambridge, Pennsylvania (also in Beaver County) with a wife named Amanda A.)
  7. ^ City directories for Gary, Indiana in the years 1911, 1913, 1918, and 1920 list a David F. Creighton. The 1918 and 1920 directories list his wife as Amanda A. Creighton. The directories identify him as an architect (1911 and 1913), manager construction department (1918), or engineer (1920).
  8. ^ Census entry for David Creighton. 1920 U.S. Census. Census Place: Gary Ward 2, Lake, Indiana; Roll: T625_446; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 98; Image: 305. (The 1920 Census has an entry for David Creighton, age 58, born in Pennsylvania. His occupation is listed as an engineer at a sheet & tin mill. His wife is identified as Amanda. Address is same as in city directories: 712 Tyler, Gary, Indiana.)
  9. ^ Census entry for David Creighton. 1930 U.S. Census. Census Place: Avalon, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1959; Page: 24B; Enumeration District: 493; Image: 932.0; FHL microfilm: 2341693. (The 1930 Census lists a David F. Creighton, age 69, Pennsylvania native, living in Avalon Borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, with his wife Amanda. His occupation is listed as an "engineer steel" in the "architectural" field. They were living with Amanda's sister, Margaret M. Adair.)
  10. ^ Find A Grave lists an Amanda Adair Creighton (1860-1936), wife of David F. Creighton. Find A Grave. It also lists a David F. Creigton, died Nov. 30, 1936 (10 months after Amanda). Find A Grave. Both are buried at Union Dale Cemetery, Pittsburgh.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  12. ^ "NRHP Registration Form For American Sheet and Tin Mill Apartment Building". Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation & Archaeology. 
  13. ^ "NRHP Registration Form For Jackson-Monroe Terraces Historic District". Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation & Archaeology. 
  14. ^ "NRHP Registration Form For Polk Street Terraces Historic District". Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation & Archaeology. 

External links[edit]