D. G. S. Dhinakaran
|D. G. S. Dhinakaran|
1 July 1935|
Surandai, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu
|Died||20 February 2008
|Occupation||Evangelist, record producer|
|Organization||Jesus Calls ministries|
|Known for||founding Jesus Calls Ministries and Karunya University|
|Children||Paul Dhinakaran, Evangeline Dhinakaran|
Dhinakaran was born on 1 July 1935 at Surandai in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. He attended St. John`s college, Palayamkottai, and received a BSc degree in Mathematics from Madras University in 1955.
Dhinakaran was involved in evangelical activities for some time prior to leaving his job at the bank in October 1962 to evangelise on a full-time basis.[dubious ] He founded the Jesus Calls Ministries that, by the time of his death, had more than 20 bases in India and abroad and during his lifetime was the most influential and best-known of the Charismatic evangelists working in India. Allan Anderson, an academic specialising in studies of Pentecostalism, sees similarities between Dhinakaran's efforts and those of Oral Roberts in the US.
One of the parallels with Roberts was Dhinakaran's involvement in the establishment of Karunya University, a Christian institution at which he served as the first Chancellor. He also played a significant role in the formation of Seesha, a voluntary body concerned with educating underprivileged children and with assisting rural people.
Dhinakaran, who remained a member of the Church of South India, was among the first Indian Christian leaders to appreciate the potential of television as a medium for evangelism. In doing this he was following a pattern established in the US and challenging the conservative opinions of his peers, who associated television with the perceived moral laxities of the Indian cinema industry. He had been broadcasting his message on radio programmes since 1972, when he had used the FEBA network for that purpose, and the Jesus Calls Ministry began using television broadcasts in the mid-1990s. The broadcasting entity is now sizable and during his lifetime he was assisted in it by his son, Paul Dhinakaran, who subsequently took charge of the Ministry following Dhinakaran's death. The introduction of his son as co-anchor so soon after Roberts had adopted a similar course in the US was, according to Jonathan James, probably not a coincidence. Only a small proportion of the broadcast output was religious in nature and that used devices - such as addressing the audience in a mixture of speech and song - that may reflect the methodology of ancient Sanskrit theatre as well as modern Hindu priests. Cultural empathies with the audience were encouraged by predominant use of the local Tamil language rather than alternatives such as English and by recognising local traditions of oral storytelling.
Following methods used in the US, which included building a massive prayer tower in Chennai and others throughout India, were not always appreciated. Dhinakaran presented his television shows wearing Western clothing and he used Western songs and music, as well as addressing his audience in a Western style rather than sitting on the ground as gurus did, all of which evoked some dis-satisfaction.
He wrote more than 15 books and recorded many Christian musical albums.
Dhinakaran died in hospital on 20 February 2008. He was survived by his wife, Stella, and his son, Paul.
- "Evangelist Dhinakaran dead". The Hindu. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
- "Jesus Calls Evangelist Dr. D.G.S. Dhinakaran Called To Glory". South Asian Connection - Portal for South Asian Christians.
- Dr.D.G.S.Dhinakaran, `En Paraloka Tharisanankal` (Tamil), / `Heavenly Visions of D.G.S. Dhinakaran (English)`,Jesus Calls Publication, Chennai,2008, Page:20.
- Anderson, Allan (2004). An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity. Cambridge University Press. p. 127. ISBN 9780521532808.
- Thomas, Pradip (2008). Strong Religion, Zealous Media: Christian Fundamentalism and Communication in India. SAGE Publications. pp. 110–113. ISBN 9788178298344.
- James, Jonathan D. (2012). "The Global in the Local: The Ambivalence and Ambition of Christian Televangelism in India". In Thomas, Pradip Ninan; Lee, Philip. Global and Local Televangelism. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 1960–1964, 1969–1970. ISBN 9781137149909.
- Anderson, Allan Heaton (2013). To the Ends of the Earth: Pentecostalism and the Transformation of World Christianity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199911820.
- Bergunder, Michael (2008). The South Indian Pentecostal Movement in the Twentieth Century. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802827340.
- Jacobsen, Douglas (2011). The World's Christians: Who they are, Where they are, and How they got there. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781444397284.
- Synan, Vinson (2001). The Century of the Holy Spirit : 100 Years of Pentecostal and Charismatic Renewal, 1901-2001. Thomas Nelson Inc. ISBN 9781418587536.