DARWIN-OP which stands for Dynamic Anthropomorphic Robot with Intelligence–Open Platform is a miniature-humanoid robot platform with advanced computational power, sophisticated sensors, high payload capacity, and dynamic motion ability developed and manufactured by Korean robot manufacturer ROBOTIS in collaboration with Virginia Tech, Purdue University,and University of Pennsylvania. DARWIN-OP has twenty degrees of freedom [20 DOF] each controlled by a DYNAMIXEL MX-28T servo motor. The MX-28T has a stall torque of 24 kgf·cm (at 12 V, 1.5 A) and a 360 degree range of motion.
DARWIN-OP's main purpose is for research and programmers in the fields of humanoid, artificial intelligence, gait algorithm, vision, inverse kinematics, linguistics, etc... It is also supported by $1.2 million NSF grant  and has been distributed to over 14 institutions already.
- Height: 454.5 mm (17.89 in)
- Weight: 2.9 kg (6.4 lb)
- Default walking speed: 24.0 cm/s (9.5 in/s) 0.25 s/step – user modifiable gait
- Default standing up time from ground : 2.8 s (facing down) and 3.9 s (facing up) – user modifiable speed
- Built-in PC: 1.6 GHz Intel Atom Z530 (32 bit) on-board 4 GB flash SSD
- Management controller (CM-730): ARM CortexM3 STM32F103RE 72 MHz
- 20 MX-28T actuators (6 DOF leg × 2 + 3 DOF arm × 2 + 2 DOF neck) with metallic gears
- 3 Mbit/s high-speed Dynamixel bus for joint control
- 3-axis gyro, 3-axis accelerometer, button × 3, detection microphone × 2
- Versatile functionality (can accept legacy, current, and future peripherals)
- Price: $12,000
This platform is currently used in the ICRA, RoboCup, and FIRA competition. Links below.
DARWIN-OP Humanoid Application Challenge
Beginning in 2012 ROBOTIS and IEEE ICRA has sponsored the DARWIN-OP Humanoid Application Challenge, held at the ICRA conference. The competition encourages participants to solve novel problems using DARWIN-OP and present their findings at the conference. Winners are selected by a panel of experts as well as popular vote amongst the participants. The winning team has been awarded the DARWIN-OP Deluxe Edition for two consecutive years along with software(s). All finalists are also rewarded.
|Year||Winning Team||Project Description||Competition Location|
|2012||University of Manitoba||Ice skating/Ice hockey||Minneapolis-St Paul|
|2013||Georgia Tech||Case-based reasoning, learning from demonstration||Karlsruhe, Germany|
|2015||Coming Soon||Seattle, WA - USA|
The DARWIN-OP robot is used by several teams in the RoboCup kids-size competition (humanoid robots 40–60 cm tall). Teams from University of Pennsylvania and Virginia Tech have won first place in the kids-size league using DARwIn-OP robots in 2011, 2012 and 2013.
Due to its openness and easy maintenance, many researchers favor and hope to create a clone version of their own. DARWIN-OP is currently being used at the labs/universities below :
- RoMeLa Virginia Tech Website
- GRASP University of Pennsylvania Website
- ARTLAB Purdue University Website
- Hamburg Bit-Bots Hamburg University Website
- NUBots University of Newcastle (Australia) Website
- UKM Soccer Robotic Laboratory Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Website
- University of Manitoba Autonomous Agents Laboratory Website
- Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives- Marcoule - Website
- École normale supérieure de Rennes Website
- ::: ROBOTIS :::
- AX-12A, AX-18A, RX-24F, RX-28, RX-64, EX-106+, MX-28)
- Sandeep Rai / Jun 22 2011 (2011-06-22). "DARWiN robot to assist disabled by tracking their eye movement". Gizmowatch.com. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- "Darwin-OP Learns To Play Dance Dance Revolution - IEEE Spectrum". Spectrum.ieee.org. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- "Me And My Robot Page 2 of 2". Forbes.com. 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- Author Name: Dennis Hong (2011-05-12). "Robotis DARwIn-OP Raises The Bar | Robot Magazine - The latest hobby, science and consumer robotics, artificial intelligence". Find.botmag.com. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- "RoboCup 2011 Kid Size: USA / Japan (Final)". YouTube. 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- "Robot Soccer Stars Win World Cup Trophy for U.S. - Video". Bloomberg. 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- Hornyak, Tim (2011-07-12). "U.S. droids carry the day at 2011 RoboCup finals | Crave - CNET". News.cnet.com. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- RoMeLa RoboCup 2012: Team DARwIn repeats win at RoboCup in Kid-Size division
- "ICRA 2012 Home Page". Icra2012.org. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- Guillermo Cornejo L. - Grupo Fidalex. "RoboCup Mexico 2012". Robocup2012.org. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- FIRA (2011-11-22). "FIRA News - [NOTICE] Special offer for FIRA teams". Fira.net. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- Robotis. "Winner 2012 DARwIn-OP Humanoid Application Challenge".
- University of Pennsylvania. "RoboCup".
- University of Manitoba. "SnoBots win at international robotics competition in Kuala Lumpur".
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