DAZ1

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Deleted in azoospermia 1
Identifiers
Symbols DAZ1 ; DAZ; SPGY
External IDs OMIM400003 HomoloGene88435 GeneCards: DAZ1 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE DAZ1 207912 s at tn.png
PBB GE DAZ1 208281 x at tn.png
PBB GE DAZ1 208282 x at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 1617 n/a
Ensembl ENSG00000188120 n/a
UniProt Q9NQZ3 n/a
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_004081 n/a
RefSeq (protein) NP_004072 n/a
Location (UCSC) Chr Y:
25.28 – 25.35 Mb
n/a
PubMed search [1] n/a

Deleted in azoospermia 1, also known as DAZ1, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the DAZ1 gene.[1][2]

Function[edit]

This gene is a member of the DAZ gene family and is a candidate for the human Y-chromosomal azoospermia factor (AZF). Its expression is restricted to pre-meiotic germ cells, particularly in spermatogonia. It encodes an RNA-binding protein that is important for spermatogenesis. Four copies of this gene are found on chromosome Y within palindromic duplications; one pair of genes is part of the P2 palindrome and the second pair is part of the P1 palindrome. Each gene contains a 2.4 kb repeat including a 72-bp exon, called the DAZ repeat; the number of DAZ repeats is variable and there are several variations in the sequence of the DAZ repeat. Each copy of the gene also contains a 10.8 kb region that may be amplified; this region includes five exons that encode an RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain. This gene contains three copies of the 10.8 kb repeat. However, no transcripts containing three copies of the RRM domain have been described; thus the RefSeq for this gene contains only two RRM domains.[1]

Interactions[edit]

DAZ1 has been shown to interact with DAZAP2,[3] DAZL[3][4] and DAZ associated protein 1.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: DAZ1 deleted in azoospermia 1". 
  2. ^ Reijo R, Lee TY, Salo P, Alagappan R, Brown LG, Rosenberg M et al. (Aug 1995). "Diverse spermatogenic defects in humans caused by Y chromosome deletions encompassing a novel RNA-binding protein gene". Nature Genetics 10 (4): 383–93. doi:10.1038/ng0895-383. PMID 7670487. 
  3. ^ a b c Tsui S, Dai T, Roettger S, Schempp W, Salido EC, Yen PH (May 2000). "Identification of two novel proteins that interact with germ-cell-specific RNA-binding proteins DAZ and DAZL1". Genomics 65 (3): 266–73. doi:10.1006/geno.2000.6169. PMID 10857750. 
  4. ^ Ruggiu M, Cooke HJ (Jul 2000). "In vivo and in vitro analysis of homodimerisation activity of the mouse Dazl1 protein". Gene 252 (1-2): 119–26. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(00)00219-5. PMID 10903443. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Foresta C, Ferlin A, Moro E, Marin P, Rossi A, Scandellari C (2002). "[Microdeletion of chromosome Y in male infertility: role of the DAZ gene]". Annali Italiani Di Medicina Interna 16 (2): 82–92. PMID 11688365. 
  • Fox MS, Reijo Pera RA (Nov 2001). "Male infertility, genetic analysis of the DAZ genes on the human Y chromosome and genetic analysis of DNA repair". Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 184 (1-2): 41–9. doi:10.1016/S0303-7207(01)00646-3. PMID 11694340. 
  • Vogt PH, Fernandes S (Jan 2003). "Polymorphic DAZ gene family in polymorphic structure of AZFc locus: Artwork or functional for human spermatogenesis?". Apmis 111 (1): 115–26; discussion 126–7. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0463.2003.11101161.x. PMID 12752250. 
  • Reijo R, Lee TY, Salo P, Alagappan R, Brown LG, Rosenberg M et al. (Aug 1995). "Diverse spermatogenic defects in humans caused by Y chromosome deletions encompassing a novel RNA-binding protein gene". Nature Genetics 10 (4): 383–93. doi:10.1038/ng0895-383. PMID 7670487. 
  • Reijo R, Seligman J, Dinulos MB, Jaffe T, Brown LG, Disteche CM et al. (Jul 1996). "Mouse autosomal homolog of DAZ, a candidate male sterility gene in humans, is expressed in male germ cells before and after puberty". Genomics 35 (2): 346–52. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0366. PMID 8661148. 
  • Cooke HJ, Lee M, Kerr S, Ruggiu M (Apr 1996). "A murine homologue of the human DAZ gene is autosomal and expressed only in male and female gonads". Human Molecular Genetics 5 (4): 513–6. doi:10.1093/hmg/5.4.513. PMID 8845845. 
  • Saxena R, Brown LG, Hawkins T, Alagappan RK, Skaletsky H, Reeve MP et al. (Nov 1996). "The DAZ gene cluster on the human Y chromosome arose from an autosomal gene that was transposed, repeatedly amplified and pruned". Nature Genetics 14 (3): 292–9. doi:10.1038/ng1196-292. PMID 8896558. 
  • Yen PH, Chai NN, Salido EC (Dec 1996). "The human autosomal gene DAZLA: testis specificity and a candidate for male infertility". Human Molecular Genetics 5 (12): 2013–7. doi:10.1093/hmg/5.12.2013. PMID 8968756. 
  • Menke DB, Mutter GL, Page DC (Jan 1997). "Expression of DAZ, an azoospermia factor candidate, in human spermatogonia". American Journal of Human Genetics 60 (1): 237–41. PMC 1712565. PMID 8981970. 
  • Yen PH, Chai NN, Salido EC (Oct 1997). "The human DAZ genes, a putative male infertility factor on the Y chromosome, are highly polymorphic in the DAZ repeat regions". Mammalian Genome 8 (10): 756–9. doi:10.1007/s003359900560. PMID 9321470. 
  • Agulnik AI, Zharkikh A, Boettger-Tong H, Bourgeron T, McElreavey K, Bishop CE (Sep 1998). "Evolution of the DAZ gene family suggests that Y-linked DAZ plays little, or a limited, role in spermatogenesis but underlines a recent African origin for human populations". Human Molecular Genetics 7 (9): 1371–7. doi:10.1093/hmg/7.9.1371. PMID 9700189. 
  • Tsui S, Dai T, Roettger S, Schempp W, Salido EC, Yen PH (May 2000). "Identification of two novel proteins that interact with germ-cell-specific RNA-binding proteins DAZ and DAZL1". Genomics 65 (3): 266–73. doi:10.1006/geno.2000.6169. PMID 10857750. 
  • Ruggiu M, Cooke HJ (Jul 2000). "In vivo and in vitro analysis of homodimerisation activity of the mouse Dazl1 protein". Gene 252 (1-2): 119–26. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(00)00219-5. PMID 10903443. 
  • Saxena R, de Vries JW, Repping S, Alagappan RK, Skaletsky H, Brown LG et al. (Aug 2000). "Four DAZ genes in two clusters found in the AZFc region of the human Y chromosome". Genomics 67 (3): 256–67. doi:10.1006/geno.2000.6260. PMID 10936047. 
  • Reijo RA, Dorfman DM, Slee R, Renshaw AA, Loughlin KR, Cooke H et al. (Nov 2000). "DAZ family proteins exist throughout male germ cell development and transit from nucleus to cytoplasm at meiosis in humans and mice". Biology of Reproduction 63 (5): 1490–6. doi:10.1095/biolreprod63.5.1490. PMID 11058556. 
  • Moro E, Ferlin A, Yen PH, Franchi PG, Palka G, Foresta C (Nov 2000). "Male infertility caused by a de novo partial deletion of the DAZ cluster on the Y chromosome". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 85 (11): 4069–73. doi:10.1210/jc.85.11.4069. PMID 11095434. 
  • Xu EY, Moore FL, Pera RA (Jun 2001). "A gene family required for human germ cell development evolved from an ancient meiotic gene conserved in metazoans". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98 (13): 7414–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.131090498. PMC 34683. PMID 11390979. 
  • Friel A, Houghton JA, Glennon M, Lavery R, Smith T, Nolan A et al. (Feb 2002). "A preliminary report on the implication of RT-PCR detection of DAZ, RBMY1, USP9Y and Protamine-2 mRNA in testicular biopsy samples from azoospermic men". International Journal of Andrology 25 (1): 59–64. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2605.2002.00326.x. PMID 11869379.