|Theban Tomb TT320|
|Burial site of Royal Cache|
|Location||Deir el-Bahari, Theban Necropolis|
|Discovery Date||1881 (Officially)|
Coordinates: Tomb DB320 (now usually referred to as TT320) is located next to Deir el-Bahri, in the Theban Necropolis, opposite modern Luxor contained an extraordinary cache of mummified remains and funeral equipment of more than 50 kings, queens, royals and various nobility.
Usage of tomb
The tomb is thought to have initially been the last resting place of High Priest of Amun Pinedjem II, his wife Nesikhons and other close family members. Pinudjem II died around 969 BC in a time of decline of the Egyptian kingdom. In this time the mummies from former dynasties were vulnerable to grave robbery and were moved here to protect the remains of these royal personages.
The list of mummies in the tomb is as follows;
|17th||Tetisheri (?)||Great Royal Wife|
|17th||Ahmose-Henuttamehu||Great Royal Wife|
|17th||Ahmose-Meritamon||Great Royal Wife|
|17th||Ahmose-Sitkamose||Great Royal Wife|
|18th||Ahmose-Nefertari||Great Royal Wife|
|18th||Rai||Royal nurse||Nurse of Ahmose-Nefertari|
|18th||Baket (?)||Princess||possibly Baketamun (?)|
|18th||Iset||Great Royal Wife||Wife of Thutmose II, mother of Thutmose III|
|18th||Unknown man C||Possibly Senenmut|
|21st||Nodjmet||Queen||Wife of Herihor|
|21st||Pinedjem I||High Priest of Amun|
|21st||Duathathor-Henuttawy||Wife of Pinedjem I|
|21st||Maatkare||God's Wife of Amun||Daughter of Pinedjem I|
|21st||Masaharta||High Priest of Amun||Son of Pinedjem I|
|21st||Tayuheret||Singer of Amun||Possible wife of Masaharta|
|21st||Pinedjem II||High Priest of Amun|
|21st||Isetemkheb D||Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re||Wife of Pinedjem II|
|21st||Neskhons||First Chantress of Amun; King's Son of Kush||Wife of Pinedjem II|
|21st||Djedptahiufankh||Fourth Prophet of Amun|
|21st||Nesitanebetashru||Wife of Djedptahiufankh|
|21st||Masaharta||High Priest of Amun|
|?||Unknown man E||has been studied by Bob Brier, who thinks the mummy in question, might be Pentawer, one of the progeny of Ramses III|
|?||8 other unidentified mummies; funerary remains of Hatshepsut|
Other mummies possibly buried in the tomb:
- Ahhotep I
- Nebseni, father of Tentamun, possible wife of Ramesses XI
Discovery and clearance
Initially the discovery of the tomb was concealed and a local family, the Abd el-Rasuls, used the mummies as a store of precious articles that were then sold on the antiquities market. This caused the local authorities to investigate and locate the source of these items.
It was cleared in a hurry (within 48 hours of its official discovery in 1881) by Émile Brugsch, in order to ensure no more antiquities were sold.
The chamber is reached by a nearly vertical chimney, which was left open in 1881, and has since filled with rocks and other debris (in fact every object that was left in the tomb has now been damaged in some way). It was reinvestigated in 1938. Since 1998 a Russian-German team led by Erhart Graefe has been working on reinvestigating and preserving the tomb.
- KV35 – Mummy cache in tomb of Amenhotep II
- The Night of Counting the Years – A 1969 Egyptian film based on the story of the Abd el-Rasuls