|Molar mass||241.87 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||White, translucent crystals|
|Melting point||122 to 125 °C (252 to 257 °F; 395 to 398 K)|
|GHS signal word||DANGER|
|H314, H317, H400|
|P273, P280, P305+351+338, P310|
|S-phrases||S26, S36/37/39, S45|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|10 mg kg−1 (intravenous, mouse)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
DBNPA or 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide is a quick-kill biocide that easily hydrolyzes under both acidic and alkaline conditions. It is preferred for its instability in water as it quickly kills and then quickly degrades to form a number of products, depending on the conditions, including ammonia, bromine ions, dibromoacetonitrile, and dibromoacetic acid. DBNPA acts similar to the typical halogen biocides.
DBNPA is used in a wide variety of applications. Some examples are in papermaking as a preservative in paper coating and slurries. It is also used as slime control on papermachines, and as a biocide in hydraulic fracturing wells and in cooling water.
- "2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA)" (PDF). "EPA 738-R-94-026". US EPA. September 1994. p. 179. Retrieved 2012-06-14.