DBNPA

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DBNPA
Skeletal formula of DBNPA
Ball and stick model of DBNPA
Spacefill model of DBNPA
Names
IUPAC name
2,2-Dibromo-2-cyanoacetamide[1]
Other names
Identifiers
10222-01-2 YesY
ChemSpider 23422 YesY
EC number 233-539-7
Jmol-3D images Image
Image
MeSH 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide
PubChem 25059
RTECS number AB5956000
UN number 1759
Properties
C3H2Br2N2O
Molar mass 241.87 g·mol−1
Appearance White, translucent crystals
Melting point 122 to 125 °C (252 to 257 °F; 395 to 398 K)
Hazards
GHS pictograms The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H314, H317, H400
P273, P280, P305+351+338, P310
EU classification Corrosive C
R-phrases R34, R43
S-phrases S26, S36/37/39, S45
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
10 mg kg−1 (intravenous, mouse)
Related compounds
Related compounds
Cyanoacetamide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

DBNPA or 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide is a quick-kill biocide that easily hydrolyzes under both acidic and alkaline conditions. It is preferred for its instability in water as it quickly kills and then quickly degrades to form a number of products, depending on the conditions, including ammonia, bromine ions, dibromoacetonitrile, and dibromoacetic acid.[2] DBNPA acts similar to the typical halogen biocides.

DBNPA is used in a wide variety of applications. Some examples are in papermaking as a preservative in paper coating and slurries. It is also used as slime control on papermachines, and as a biocide in hydraulic fracturing wells and in cooling water.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA)" (PDF). "EPA 738-R-94-026". US EPA. September 1994. p. 179. Retrieved 2012-06-14.