DB Schenker Rail (UK)

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EWS redirects here. For other uses, see EWS (disambiguation)
DB Schenker Rail (UK)
Industry Rail freight
Predecessor(s) British Rail (-1995)
North & South Railways (1995–1996)
English, Welsh & Scottish Railway (EWS) (1996–2009)
Founded 1995
Headquarters Doncaster, England
Area served United Kingdom
Key people Edward Burkhardt (Chairman and Chief Executive 1995–1999)[1]
Keith Heller (Chief Executive / Co-chairman) 2004–2010[2][3]
Alain Thauvette, CEO[4]
Services Bulk freight and intermodal logistics
Owner(s) Deutsche Bahn
Parent DB Schenker
Subsidiaries Euro Cargo Rail
Website www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk

DB Schenker Rail (UK)[5] is the largest rail freight operator in the United Kingdom. Headquartered in Doncaster, it is a subsidiary ofDeutsche Bahn.

The company was established as North & South Railways[6] in 1995 by a consortium led by Wisconsin Central Transportation Corporation, and was renamed English Welsh & Scottish (EWS) the following year, following the acquisition of five of the six freight companies created as part of the privatisation of British Rail.[note 1]

On 28 June 2007, EWS was purchased by Deutsche Bahn, and in 2009 it adopted the DB Schenker brand.

History[edit]

English, Welsh & Scottish Railway[edit]

66055 in EWS livery at Chesterfield station in April 2012
67017 in EWS livery at Plymouth station in August 2003
59206 in DB Schenker livery at the National Rail Museum in January 2009

The company was formed as North & South Railways[6][7] in 1995 by a consortium headed by Wisconsin Central, with additional financing provided by the financial sector,[8] including Berkshire Partners and Fay Richwhite.[9]

The company's first acquisition was that of Rail Express Systems on 9 December 1995, for £24 million.[10][11] With this came the contract for the Royal Mail train service, including the Travelling Post Office trains; the contract was one of the most profitable obtained by the company.[8] Then on 24 February 1996, British Rail's three trainload freight companies Loadhaul, Mainline Freight and Transrail Freight, were acquired for a total of £225 million.[10][11] All four companies were subsequently merged into North & South Railways, and on 10 July 1996 the English, Welsh & Scottish Railway, abbreviated to EWS, trading name was adopted.[6][12]

One of the first actions of the enlarged company was to seek volunteers for redundancy, as it sought to reduce staff numbers by around 3,000, from 7,600.[13]

On 22 November 1997 EWS took over the loss-making Railfreight Distribution, for which it received grants and subsidies estimated to amount to £242 million over eight years,[14] including subsidies for the use of the Channel Tunnel.[15] Railfreight Distribution's businesses included international containerised freight, movement of cars and automotive components by rail, and freight services for the Ministry of Defence. At the time of the takeover, it had 150 locomotives including the specialised Class 92 locomotives for the Channel Tunnel, and was making an annual loss of around £65 million.[14] Railfreight Distribution was renamed English, Welsh and Scottish Railway International on 1 December 1998.[12][16]

The new company had over 900 locomotives, 19,000 freight wagons, and 7,000 employees. Track access charges were renegotiated and after 1,800 job redundancies the workers involved in profit sharing and other incentivised working plans; as a result shipping rates were reduced by over 30%.[17] Many locomotives inherited on foundation were considered unreliable, and expensive to maintain;[18] the company invested heavily in modernisation of its rolling stock; by 2002 £750 million had been invested,[19] including 280 new British Rail Class 6666 and 67 class locomotives and over 2,000 new wagons.[8]

EWS's services included mail, locomotive hire, waggonload traffic (branded 'Enterprise', founded by Transrail Freight), cross channel trains via the Channel Tunnel, trainload freight including oil, aggregates, cement and traffic related to the coal, electricity generation and steel industries, and infrastructure trains for Railtrack.[8] Additionally, in the decade following privatisation EWS began to compete for container traffic contracts,[note 2] and its competitor Freightliner also entered into competition for trainload freight, as did Direct Rail Services.[8] EWS's turnover in 1999 was £533.7 million (an 80% market share by value) with a profit of £32.8 million.[8]

National Power who had operated trains for their power stations under the open access regulations had their train operations acquired by EWS in 1998.[8] | In 2001 the Canadian National Railway purchased Wisconsin Central Transportation Corporation and so became a 42.5% shareholder of EWS; the company announced its intentions to divest itself of Wisconsin Central's foreign holdings.[20]

On 28 June 2007, it was announced that subject to regulatory approval, EWS had been sold to Deutsche Bahn.[21] The value of the deal was estimated at £300 million; at the time EWS had a market share of around 70% in the United Kingdom and around 5,000 employees.[22]

Initially it was announced that EWS would not be rebranded,[23] but on 1 January 2009 EWS, DB's existing Freight organisation Railion and their freight logistics organisation DB Schenker were re-branded DB Schenker.[24]

As part of a formal launch of the new brand,[note 3] 59206 was unveiled in full DB Schenker branding at a ceremony at the National Railway Museum in York on 21 January 2009.[26]

In 2009 DB Schenker Rail began work to enable Class 92 hauled trains to operate freight services on the High Speed 1 by installing in cab TVM signalling. The project received funding from the European Commission and it was originally anticipated services would begin in early 2010.[27] On 25 March 2011 for the first time a modified class 92 locomotive travelled from Dollands Moor to Singlewell using the TVM430 signalling system.[28] The first of five planned test trains ran as a loaded container train from Hams Hall, West Midlands to Novara, Italy on 27 May 2011.[29][30] DB planned to upgrade an additional five Class 92 locomotives to allow them to run on High Speed 1, making a fleet of six.[31][32]

In July 2011 a trial run of wagons carrying curtain walled swap bodies built to a larger European loading gauge was run from Dollands Moor, Folkestone to east London.[33] From 11 November 2011 a weekly service using European sized swap bodies has run between Barking, London and Wroclaw, Poland using High Speed 1.[34][35]s

Since its inception, EWS has provided locomotives for the Caledonian Sleeper. Class 90s haul the services between Euston station and Edinburgh/Glasgow, where Class 67s takeover, having replaced 37 and Class 47s in the early 2000s. Class 67s today also haul passenger services for Arriva Trains Wales, Chiltern Railways and First ScotRail. Class 67s are also used as Thunderbird rescue locomotives for East Coast. Class 67s have previously hauled passenger trains for First Great Western, Virgin CrossCountry and Wrexham & Shropshire.

Rolling stock[edit]

EWS inherited an aging fleet of locomotives from British Rail. It quickly placed an order for 250 Class 66s and 30 Class 67s. These replaced all of the 31, 37, 47, 56, 58 and 86 class locomotives. With improved maintenance techniques, they also replaced many of the newer 60 and 90 class locomotives.

Several found further use in Europe hauling construction trains on high speed lines in France and Spain. Class 37s were exported in the late 1990s and Class 58s in the late 2000s.

Current fleet[edit]

As at June 2011[36]

Class Image Type Introduced Fleet Size Wheel Arr Numbers
08 08509 Chesterfield Goods Yard.jpg Diesel locomotive 1952-62 46 C (In Service) 08405, 08428, 08623, 08632, 08633, 08703, 08706, 08742, 08752, 08782, 08799, 08802, 08879, 08888, 08904, 08907
(Stored) 08495, 08499, 08500, 08567, 08578, 08580, 08593, 08605, 08630, 08653, 08676, 08701, 08709, 08711, 08714, 08735, 08737, 08738, 08757, 08784, 08804, 08824, 08865, 08877, 08886, 08922, 08939, 08993(Formally 08592), 08994(Formally 08462), 08995 (Formally 08687)
09 09012 at Brighton.jpg Diesel locomotive 1959-62 3 C (In Service) 09106 (Formally 08759)
(Stored) 09006, 09201 (Formally 08421)
58 58021 Mainline livery.jpg Diesel locomotive 1983-87 32 Co-Co (Stored) 58001, 58004-58013, 58018, 58021-58023, 58025-58027, 58032-58036, 58038-58040, 58042, 58044, 58046, 58048-58050
59 59s-at-Acton.jpg Diesel locomotive 1994-95 6 Co-Co (In Service) 59201-59206
60 60068 by Castleton East Junction.jpg Diesel locomotive 1989-93 80 Co-Co (In Service as overhauled "Super-60") 60001, 60007, 60010, 60015, 60017, 60020, 60024, 60039, 60040, 60044, 60054, 60059, 60062, 60063, 60074, 60079, 60091, 60092, 60100
(In Service) 60011, 60035, 60045, 60049, 60065, 60099
(Stored) 60003-60006, 60008, 60009, 60012, 60014, 60022, 60023, 60025, 60027-60032, 60034, 60036, 60037, 60042, 60043, 60050-60053, 60057, 60058, 60060, 60064, 60066-60073, 60075, 60077, 60078, 60080-60084, 60086, 60088-60090, 60093, 60094, 60097, 60098, 60500 (Formally 60016)
66 EWS unit 66138.JPG Diesel locomotive 1998-2000 250 Co-Co 66001-66250 (all in service)
66048 Carrbridge derailment after serious Toton TMD is stored.
74 EWS locomotives lent from EWS stock to EWS subsidiary Euro Cargo Rail (66010, 66022, 66026, 66028, 66029, 66032, 66033, 66036, 66038, 66042, 66045, 66049, 66052, 66062, 66064, 66071-66073, 66123, 66146, 66153, 66157, 66159, 66163, 66166, 66173, 66178-66180, 66189-66191, 66195, 66196, 66202, 66203, 66205, 66208-66212, 66214-66220, 66222-66229, 66231, 66233-66237, 66239-66249)
67 67020 at Kings Cross.jpg Diesel locomotive 1999-2000 30 Bo-Bo (In Service) 67001-030
90 90035 at Euston.jpg Electric locomotive 1987-90 25 Bo-Bo (In Service) 90018-90021, 90024, 90026, 90028-90029, 90034-90036, 90039
(Stored) 90017, 90022, 90023, 90025, 90027, 90030, 90031, 90032, 90033, 90037, 90038, 90040
90019, 90021 and 90024 are in First ScotRail livery.
90018, 90029 and 90036 are currently in DB Schenker Red livery.
90034 currently in Direct Rail Services livery.
92 92001 'Victor Hugo' at Crewe Works.jpg Electric locomotive 1993-96 30 Co-Co (In Service) 92002–92005, 92007–92009, 92011, 92013, 92015–92017, 92019, 92022, 92024, 92026, 92029–92031, 92035–92037, 92039, 92041–92042
(In Service - DB Schenker Bulgaria) 92025, 92027 and 92034
(In Service - DB Schenker Romania) 92012 (now 472 001), 92001 (now 472 002)
325 325016-Crewe-01.jpg Electric multiple unit 1995-96 16 (In Service) 325001 - 009, 325011 - 016
(Scrapped) 325010

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The sixth rail freight company created during privatisation, Freightliner, was privatised through a management buyout.
  2. ^ After 2002 began intermodal services from the ports of Felixstowe, Southhampton, and Tilbury.[12]
  3. ^ Previously two EWS locomotives had received DB Schenker branding — including a light blue 60074 named "Teenage Cancer Trust"[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edward A. Burkhardt". www.railword.com. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Don Phillips (25 August 2005). "Free Flow: Getting the French on board". www.nytimes.com (New York Times). 
  3. ^ "Keith Heller's contribution to the railway honoured with locomotive naming". www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk. DB Schenker UK. 19 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Alain Thauvette , Member of the Management Board of DB Schenker Rail (Region West)". www.dbschenker.com. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Companies House extract company no 2938988 DB Schenker Rail (UK) Limited formerly English Welsh & Scottish Railway Limited formerly Transrail Freight Limited
  6. ^ a b c Companies House extract company no 3116332 DB Schenker Rail (UK) Holdings Limited formerly English Welsh & Scottish Railway Holdings Limited formerly North & South Railways Limited
  7. ^ Lousie Butcher (18 March 2011). "Railways: privatisation, 1987–1996". www.parliament.uk. House of Commons Library. p. 13. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g C. Nash; T. Fowkes (2004). "Rail Privatisation in Britain - Lessons for the Rail Freight Industry". In European Conference of Ministers of Transport. Economic Research Centre. European integration of rail freight transport (Round Table 125). OECD Publishing. pp. 61–94. 
  9. ^ "North & South Railways Ltd acquires Rail Express Systems(UK)". www.alacrastore.com. Thomson Reuters. 8 December 1995. 
  10. ^ a b "The Sale of Rail Freight Distribution". Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions / National Audit Office. 26 March 1999. p. 2. 
  11. ^ a b "Rail Privatisation". hansard.millbanksystems.com. Hansard, House of Commons, UK. 27 December 1996. volume 296, 275W. 
  12. ^ a b c Philippe Thalmann (2004). The dynamics of freight transport development: a UK and Swiss comparison. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 34–36. ISBN 0-7546-3756-5. 
  13. ^ Christian Wolmar (5 April 1996), "Rail freight to slash workforce", www.independent.co.uk (The Independent) 
  14. ^ a b "The Sale of Rail Freight Distribution". Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions / National Audit Office. 26 March 1999. 
  15. ^ Mathew Horsman (26 December 1996). "BR prefers US firm as freight bidder". www.independent.co.uk (The Independent). 
  16. ^ Companies House extract company no 3232475 DB Schenker Rail International Limited formerly English Welsh & Scottish Railway International Limited formerly Railfreight Distribution Limited
  17. ^ Jay P. Pederson, ed. (1999). "Wisconsin Central Transportation Corporation". International Directory of Company Histories 24. St. James Press. 
  18. ^ Brian Hollingsworth (2000). "Class 66 Co-Co freight locomotive". Illustrated Directory of Trains of the World. MBI Publishing Company. p. 468. ISBN 0-7603-0891-8. 
  19. ^ House of Commons. Transport Committee, ed. (2003). "Mr Graham Smith, Planning Director and Mr Allen Mardsen, English Welsh & Scottish Railway (EWS) examined". Ports: Oral and written evidence. The Stationery Office. pp. EV 16 – EV 18. 
  20. ^ Nisse, Jason (4 February 2001). "EWS shunted into siding". The Independent (London). Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  21. ^ "Deutsche Bahn plans takeover of EWS and Transfesa". Deutsche Bahn. 28 June 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-28. 
  22. ^ Alistair Osborne (29 June 2007). "German rail giant confirms £300m deal for EWS shares". www.telegraph.co.uk (The Telegraph). 
  23. ^ Falkner, James (29 June 2007). "DB gets go-ahead for rail takeovers". International Freighting Weekly. Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  24. ^ "EWS to rebrand as DB Schenker in new year". ifw-net.com. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2010. 
  25. ^ "Media Center". Retrieved 15 October 2010. 
  26. ^ "DB Schenker unveils new look for UK rail freight at the National Railway Museum, York". www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk (Press release). DB Schenker. 21 January 2009. 
  27. ^ Sources:
    "Class 92 modifications for HS1 freight". Railway Herald (179): 3. 1 June 2009. 
    "Freight trains set to use High Speed 1". DB Schenker Rail. 16 April 2009. 
  28. ^ "European sized rail freight to arrive in the UK soon, following successful locomotive trial" (Press release). DB Schenker Rail (UK). 25 March 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  29. ^ "DB Schenker Rail operates first freight train over High Speed 1" (Press release). DB Schenker Rail (UK). 27 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  30. ^ "First freight on High Speed 1". Railway Gazette International (London). 29 May 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  31. ^ "DB Schenker to upgrade locomotives for High Speed 1 service". Railway Technology.com. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  32. ^ "Locomotives upgraded for European rail freight services on High Speed 1". Press Releases. DB Schenker Rail (UK). 7 October 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2012. "investment will give DB Schenker Rail UK a fleet of six High Speed 1 enabled locomotives" 
  33. ^ "DB Schenker Rail operates first European sized freight train over High Speed 1", www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk (DB Schenker Rail (UK)), 27 July 2011 
  34. ^ Katie Silvester (December 2011), "Rail Professional interview: Alain Thauvette", www.railpro.co.uk (Rail Professional) 
  35. ^ "DB Schenker delivers first Poland to UK service", www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk (DB Schenker Rail (UK)), 15 November 2011 
  36. ^ "AbRail Rail Databases - Diesel Locomotives", www.abrail.co.uk/ (AB Rail), 28 June 2011 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sutton, Philip (August 2007). "Burkhardt on EWS". Rail Express 135: 32–37. 

External links[edit]