DCF Interframe Space
The IEEE 802.11 family of standards describe the DCF protocol, which controls access to the physical medium. A station must sense the status of the wireless medium before transmitting. If it finds that the medium is continuously idle for DCF Interframe Space (DIFS) duration, it is then permitted to transmit a frame. If the channel is found busy during the DIFS interval, the station should defer its transmission.
DIFS duration can be calculated by the following method.
|Standard||Slot time (µs)||DIFS (µs)|
|IEEE 802.11-1997 (FHSS)||50||128|
|IEEE 802.11-1997 (DSSS)||20||50|
|IEEE 802.11g||9 or 20||28 or 50|
|IEEE 802.11n (2.4 GHz)||9 or 20||28 or 50|
|IEEE 802.11n (5 GHz)||9||34|
|IEEE 802.11ac (5 GHz)||9||34|
- "IEEE 802.11 Standard"., 2012, Page 843 of PDF