DDR-Oberliga

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DDR Oberliga
The East German Trophy
Country  East Germany
Founded 1949
Folded 1991
Replaced by Bundesliga
Level on pyramid Level 1
Relegation to
Last champions F.C. Hansa Rostock
(1990-91)

The DDR-Oberliga (English:East German Premier League or GDR-Premier League) was the top level football league in East Germany.

Overview[edit]

Following World War II, separate sports competitions emerged in the occupied eastern and western halves of Germany, replacing the Gauligas of the Nazi era.

In East Germany, a top-flight football competition, the highest league in the East German football league system, was established in 1949 as the DS-Oberliga (Deutscher Sportausschuss Oberliga or German Sports Association Upper League). Beginning in 1958, it carried the name DDR-Oberliga and was part of the league structure within the DFV (Deutscher Fussball Verband der DDR or German Football Association of the GDR).

In its inaugural season in 1949-50 the DDR-Oberliga was made up of 14 teams with 2 relegation spots.[1] Over the course of the next four seasons the number of teams in the division varied and included anywhere from 17 to 19 sides with 3 or 4 relegation spots.[2][3][4][5] Beginning with the 1954-55 season up until merger of the East and West German football associations in 1991-92 the league was made up of 14 teams with 2 relegation spots.[6]

Initially the DDR-Oberliga was operated on an autumn-spring schedule as was traditional in Germany. From 1956 to 1960 a Soviet-style spring-autumn (calendar year) schedule was in place.[citation needed] This required a transition round in 1955 and, although no champion was formally declared that season, Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt finished atop the division.[7] 1961-62 saw the return of an autumn-spring season and an extended schedule (39 matches vs. 26 matches) was played with each club meeting the others a total of three times – once at home, once away, and once at a neutral venue.[8]

After German reunification the last regular DDR-Oberliga season was played in 1990-91 under the designation NOFV-Oberliga (Nordostdeutsche Fußballverband Oberliga or Northeast German Football Federation Premier League). The following year the East German league structure was merged into the West German system under the German Football Association (Deutscher Fussball Bund or German Football Association) and the top two NOFV-Oberliga clubs – F.C. Hansa Rostock and Dynamo Dresden – joined the first division Bundesliga.

For the duration of the league's existence, the league below it was the DDR-Liga.

Disbanding of the Oberliga[edit]

In 1991, the DDR-Oberliga ceased to exist, its clubs being integrated in the German football league system. The fourteen Oberliga clubs went to the following leagues, spread over three tiers:

To the Fussball-Bundesliga (Tier I):

To the 2nd Bundesliga Nord (Tier II):

To the 2nd Bundesliga Süd (Tier II):

To the NOFV-Oberliga Nord (Tier III):

To the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte (Tier III):

To the NOFV-Oberliga Süd (Tier III):

The Oberliga reformed as the Regionalliga Nordost[edit]

In 1994, a new third tier division was established in the area that formerly made up East Germany. The Regionalliga Nordost was made up of most of the big names of the DDR-era alongside clubs from West Berlin. The only clubs from the final season of the old DDR-Oberliga not to appear here were F.C. Hansa Rostock, which was competing at the Bundesliga level, and Hallescher FC which had fallen on hard times.

The league was disbanded again in 2000 and its member clubs were spread between the two remaining Regionalligas (III) and the NOFV-Oberligas (IV), effectively ending the history of the all-East German leagues.

The Regionalliga Nordost will return in 2012/13 as one of five fourth-tier regional leagues. The new league will cover the area of the former GDR and Berlin and the champions of this new division will qualify for a play-off against the winner of another Regionalliga or against the second-placed team in the Regionalliga Südwest to determine promotion to the 3rd Liga.

DDR-Oberliga champions[edit]

BFC Dynamo Berlin was the league record holder with 10 DDR-Oberliga titles to its credit, having won all of these titles in successive seasons.

Source: "DDR Oberliga". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 4 March 2008. 

Placings in the DDR-Oberliga 1975-1991[edit]

Club 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
F.C. Hansa Rostock 13 14 14 10 8 8 9 10 13 9 4 6 1
Dynamo Dresden 3 1 1 1 2 2 4 2 7 2 2 6 2 3 1 1 2
Berliner FC Dynamo 4 2 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 11
1. FC Magdeburg 1 3 2 2 4 4 3 6 6 5 5 4 5 7 6 3 10
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 2 5 3 5 3 3 2 5 3 10 7 3 6 6 8 5 6
1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 8 4 5 4 5 6 6 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 5 8 7
FC Karl-Marx-Stadt 10 11 9 7 8 9 9 9 9 6 9 8 8 8 3 2 5
FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 9 7 6 9 7 12 7 7 5 7 6 10 7 12 12 11 3
FC Vorwärts Frankfurt/Oder 5 12 12 13 5 5 4 2 4 8 9 10 13 14
Wismut Aue 12 6 10 11 11 10 12 10 10 8 4 11 4 10 7 13
FC Chemie Halle 11 8 7 6 6 7 8 11 11 14 5 9 9 4
Sachsenring Zwickau 7 9 8 10 12 8 11 12 14 14 13
1. FC Union Berlin 11 8 10 13 12 13 7 11 11 14
TSV Stahl Riesa 6 10 13 9 11 13 11 12 12 12 14
FC Stahl Brandenburg 11 5 9 4 11 10 8
FC Energie Cottbus 14 13 13 10 7 13
Chemie Leipzig 13 14 12 13 12
Chemie Böhlen 12 13 14 13
Fortschritt Bischofswerda 14 14
FC Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt 12 9
Motor Suhl 14
Chemie Buna-Schopkau 14
BSG Wismut Gera 14
ASG Vorwärts Stralsund 14

Source: "DDR-Oberliga". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 15 March 2008. 

  • Names shown are the ones the clubs carried over most of this seasons, which are not necessarily the ones they carried in the last two seasons or their current ones.
  • The Chemie Leipzig and Chemie Böhlen merged in 1990, to form FC Sachsen Leipzig.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander Mastrogiannopoulos (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1949/50". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  2. ^ Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  3. ^ Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  4. ^ Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  5. ^ Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  6. ^ Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  7. ^ Alexander Mastrogiannopoulos (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1955". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  8. ^ Alexander Mastrogiannopoulos (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1955". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.