DEMOS (Demos) was the first internet service provider in the USSR.
DEMOS was established in 1989 in the Soviet Union in Moscow as a programmers' cooperative, which included employees of the Kurchatov Institute of Nuclear Energy Institute. For the first few months, the cooperative was called "Interface"; then it was renamed in honor of the DEMOS operating system. In 1990, DEMOS, in cooperation with the scientific network Relkom, registered a top-level domain .SU. This domain become the starting point for development of the Russian segment of the Internet - RUnet.
- Travica, Bob. The Business Web in Russia: Usability for the Western User. 59th Annual Meeting of ASIS, Baltimore, MD, 21-24 October 1996
- Lakhman, Marina. "Mother Russia Does a Slow Dance With the Net". New York Times on the web, 7 October 1997.
- Minton, Jim. "Gathering People To Write An Operating System".
- Rohozinski, Rafal. "Mapping Russian Cyberspace". United Nations Institute for Social Development, October 1999
- Grekov, Alexander. "The ISP Scene in Russia". Netnod, 24 September 2010.
- Site of DEMOS (in russian)
- DEMOS history by Michael Davidov (in russian)
- Relcom history (in russian)
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