|Dong Feng 15|
|Manufacturer||Academy of Rocket Motors Technology|
|Warhead||One, with Maneuverable reentry vehicles |
|Blast yield||350-500 kt|
|Engine||single-stage solid-propellant rocket|
|600 kilometres (370 mi)|
|Inertial + Beidou, celestial guidance + ring-laser gyroscope|
The Dong-Feng 15 (a.k.a. DF-15, M-9, CSS-6) is a short-range ballistic missile developed by the People's Republic of China. The DF-15 and the newer DF-16 are thought to be the only non-nuclear missiles in use by the People's Liberation Army Second Artillery Corps. The U.S. Department of Defense estimated in 2008 that China had 315-355 DF-15 missiles and 90-110 launchers.
Development on the DF-15 began in 1985 with a finalized design proposal being approved by the PLA in 1987. From the late 1980s to the mid-1990s, testing of the missile was done in the Gobi Desert. The first public display of the missile took place at the Beijing Defense Exposition in 1988. The SAC had allegedly deployed a small number of the missiles the following year.
The DF-15 uses a solid fuel, single-stage rocket. It is vertically launched from an eight wheeled transporter erector launcher (TEL). The missile's trajectory is guided using small thrusters and an inertial guidance system on the warhead. The warhead is only a tenth of the size of the missile body. After the body and warhead separate, the body trails behind to camouflage the warhead. The terminal velocity of the missile is over Mach 6.
The DF-15C is a bunker buster variant equipped with a deep-penetration warhead. It was originally designed with the intention of destroying the Heng Shan Military Command Center in Taiwan's capitol of Taipei, which was built to withstand a 20 kiloton nuclear blast, a 2 kiloton conventional bomb blast, or an electromagnetic pulse; another target would be Chiashan Air Force Base. In the event of an invasion, the destruction of Taiwan's major command center would make it difficult to coordinate defenses. The missile's range also threatens locations as far as Kyushu in Japan and the Indian capital of New Delhi.
- NEW DONG FENG 15
- Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2008. Office of the Secretary of Defense. p. 56 (p66 of PDF).
- "DF-15 (CSS-6 / M-9) - China Nuclear Forces". GlobalSecurity.org. 2005-05-06.
- Photos published of China's DF-15C bunker buster - Wantchinatimes.com, 3 June 2014