|Place of origin||China|
|Used by||China, Saudi Arabia|
|Warhead||Nuclear, possibly 3 @ 50-100 Kt|
|Up to 3,300 km|
|Inertial and celestial guidance|
The DF-3A is a Chinese liquid-fueled, single-stage, medium-range nuclear ballistic missile that entered service in 1971. DF-3A is the oldest missile in China's inventory and is nearing retirement after four decades of service.
In 1987 China sold several dozen (reportedly between 36 and 60) outmoded DF-3 missiles to Saudi Arabia, with conventional warheads. Saudi Arabia publicly displayed them for the first time in 2014.
Deployment of the missile began in 1971 reaching a peak of 110 by 1984, then shrinking to 50 in 1993. It is estimated by the U.S. DoD that there are 17 missiles and 10 launchers in operation as of 2010 under a single brigade. The DF-21 will replace these missiles as they retire.
- "DF-3A / CSS-2". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China 2013". Office of the Secretary of Defense (U.S. Department of Defense): 81. 2013. http://www.defense.gov/pubs/2013_china_report_final.pdf. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Chinese nuclear forces, 2010. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists.
- Mark Urban (6 November 2013). "Saudi nuclear weapons 'on order' from Pakistan". BBC. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
- "Saudi Arabia unveils part of strategic missile force - a deterrent move against Iran?". Defense Update. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.