DFDS Tor Line

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DFDS Tor Line
Former type Subsidiary
Industry Shipping
Fate Integrated into DFDS Seaways
Founded 1966
Defunct 2010
Headquarters Copenhagen, Denmark (originally Gothenburg, Sweden)
Area served North Sea
Baltic Sea
Services Freight transportation
Parent DFDS A/S
Website www.dfdstorline.com
MS Tor Corona departing Copenhagen, March 2008.

DFDS Tor Line was a freight shipping company owned by the Denmark-based DFDS. DFDS Tor Line was a freight-carrying division of DFDS along with DFDS Lisco, DFDS Lys Line and DFDS Container Line. Together with its subsidiaries DFDS Tor Line operated a fleet of approximately 65 ro-ro, ro-pax and lo-lo ships, primarily on the North and Baltic Seas.[1]

Tor Line was originally founded as a joint venture between the Swedish Trans Oil Shipping and Rex Shipping to operate car-passenger ferries between Sweden, England and the Netherlands. The company name was an abbreviation of the founding companies' names, Trains Oil and Rex Line.[2] Tor Line begun passenger operations in 1966 and freight operations in 1969.[3][4] In 1980 Tor Line formed a brief joint venture for passenger services, Sessan Tor Line, with Sessan Line. A similar joint venture was formed for freight services with Swedish Lloyd.[5] Both proved short-lived: Stena Line acquired Sessan Line in 1981,[2] and during the same year Tor Line passenger services were sold to DFDS. A year later DFDS also acquired Tor Line's freight services.[5] Initially both divisions were marketed as DFDS Tor Line, but the passenger ferries were later moved under the DFDS brand.[6]

History[edit]

Passenger operations 1966-1981[edit]

Two Swedish shipping companies, Trans Oil Shipping and Rex Shipping, decided to form a new company for providing car/passenger ferry services between Sweden, England and the Netherlands. The new Tor Line (an abbreviation of Trans Oil and Rex) ordered the construction of two state-of-the-art ferries from Lübecker Flender-Werke in West Germany. These entered service on the GothenburgImminghamAmsterdam route in 1966 and 1967 as MS Tor Anglia and MS Tor Hollandia, respectively.[5][7] Tor Line's main rivals on the Sweden—England route were England-Sweden Line (ESL), a joint service operated by Ellerman's Wilson Line, Swedish Lloyd and Rederi AB Svea.[2] The ESL partner companies had also brought new ships on the route in 1966, but these were slower than the Tor ships, had less modern furnishings and lacked full-height cardecks.[5]

In 1975 Tor Line took delivery of the new, larger and faster MS Tor Britannia for the Sweden—England—Netherlands service, followed in 1976 by MS Tor Scandinavia, a second ship of the same design.[8][9] With the delivery of the new ships the Tor Anglia and Tor Hollandia were sold. Also in 1976 the English terminal of Tor Line's services was moved to Felixstowe. The new ships were arguably the finest ferries of the time, and served as the final blow to the ESL service. Ellerman's Wilson Line and Rederi AB Svea had already dropped out of the joint service previously, and in 1977 Swedish Lloyd also ceased their passenger operations. Despite their dominant position in the Sweden-England service Tor Line's financial position was precarious.[5] There was not enough passenger demand for two large ships on the service during the winter months; due to this the Tor Scandinavia was chartered out as an expedition ship during the winter seasons from 1979 onwards.[9]

To improve their financial position Tor line sought out partnerships with other shipping companies. In 1979 MS Espresso Olbia (the former Tor Anglia) was chartered for a planned joint Gothenburg—KristiansandNewcastle with Fred. Olsen, but Fred. Olsen pulled out before the service could commence. Instead the Espresso Olbia was laid up in Gothenburg.[7] In early 1980 a more successful joint service was formed with Sessan Line, when Sessan Tor Line was established. Logos of the new joint service were painted on Tor Line's ships.[8] Sessan Tor Line proved short-lived as Sessan's main competitors Stena Line purchased Sessan in early 1981.[2] Subsequently Tor Line entered negotiations to sell either the Tor Britannia or Tor Scandinavia to DFDS. Instead of buying just one ship DFDS purchased the entire Tor Line passenger division in late 1981. Initially the Tor ships were marketed as DFDS Tor Line, but were subsequently absorbed into DFDS' passenger division DFDS Seaways.[5] Despite this they kept their original Tor-prefixed names until 1990-1991.[8][9]

Freight operations 1969 onwards[edit]

Tor Line first initiated freight services in 1969 with MS Tor Mercia, and the company acquired a larfe fleet of freight-carrying vessels during the subsequent years.[4] In 1980, around the same time as the establishment of joint passenger services with Sessan Line, Tor Line established a joint freight service with their former competitors Swedish Lloyd, marketed as Tor Lloyd. During the Falklands War at least one of the Tor Lloyd ships, MS Tor Caledonia, was chartered to the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence for service as a supply vessel.[6]

Like the joint Sessan Tor service, the joint Tor Lloyd service proved short-lived, and in 1982 DFDS acquired Tor Line's freight operations. Following the acquisition the former Tor Line ships were rebranded DFDS Tor Line,[6] and subsequently the Tor division developed into DFDS' main freight-carrying subsidiary.[1]

Organisation changes 2010 onwards[edit]

In 2010 DFDS acquired Norfolkline from Maersk. Following restructuring, the operations of DFDS Tor Line, DFDS Lisco and Norfolkline were integrated into DFDS Seaways. The merger led to changes and additions to freight destinations and an expansion in freight volumes.

Fleet[edit]

Ship Built Entered service Gross tonnage Flag Notes
MS Tor Belgia 1978 1992 21,491 GT  Sweden Under charter from Eidsiva Rederi.
MS Tor Dania 1978 1992 21,850 GT  Norway Under charter from Doyen Shipping.
MS Tor Humbria 1978 1999 20,165 GT  Norway Under charter from CS & Partners.
MS Tor Neringa 1975 1999 12,494 GT  Lithuania Under charter from DFDS Lisco.
MS Tor Selandia 1999 1999 24,196 GT  Sweden
MS Tor Suecia 1999 1999 24,196 GT  Sweden
MS Tor Baltica 1977 2000 14,374 GT  Belize Under charter from Balticum Shipping.
MS Tor Britannia 2000 2000 24,196 GT  Denmark
MS Tor Magnolia 2003 2003 32,289 GT  Denmark
MS Tor Begonia 2004 2004 32,289 GT  Sweden
MS Tor Petunia 2004 2004 32,289 GT  Denmark
MS Tor Primula 2004 2004 32,289 GT  Denmark
MS Tor Bellona 1980 2005 22,748 GT  United Kingdom Under charter from Eidsiva Rederi.
MS Tor Freesia 2005 2005 32,289 GT  Sweden
MS Mermaid II 1972 2006 13,730 GT  Latvia Under charter from Skandia Liv.
MS Tor Ficaria 2006 2006 32,289 GT  Denmark
MS Ark Forwarder 1998 2007 21,004 GT  United Kingdom Under charter from Stena Line.
MS Tor Corona 2007 2007 25,600 GT  United Kingdom Under charter from Macoma Shipping.
MS Aegean Sky 1974 2007 13,436 GT  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Under charter from Crystalline Oceanway.
MS Tor Finlandia 2000 2009 11,530 GT  Lithuania

Former ships[edit]

Passenger ferries[edit]

Ship Built In service Tonnage Flag Status as of 2009
MS Tor Anglia 1966 1966—1976 7,042 GRT  Sweden Since 2006 MS Baia Sardinia for D&P Cruises.
MS Tor Hollandia 1967 1967—1975 7,432 GRT  Sweden Since 2007 MS F. Diamond for F. Lines.
MS Tor Britannia 1975 1975—1981 14,905 GRT  Sweden Since 2003 MS Moby Drea for Moby Lines.
MS Tor Scandinavia 1976 1976—1981 15,673 GRT  Sweden Since 2006 MS Moby Otta for Moby Lines.

Freighters[edit]

Ship Built In service Chartered/owned Tonnage Flag Status as of 2009
MS Loon-Plage 1991 1999 Chartered 4,962 GT  Cyprus Since 2006 MS Celtic star for Celtic Ferries.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "This is DFDS Tor Line". DFDS Tor Line. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Tor Line". Kommandobryggan (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  3. ^ Asklander, Micke. "Tor Line". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  4. ^ a b Asklander, Micke. "Tor Roro". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Boyle, Ian. "Tor Line Page 1 - Passenger Ferries 1966-1981". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  6. ^ a b c Boyle, Ian. "DFDS Tor Line Page 2A - Freight Ferries up to 2000". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  7. ^ a b Asklander, Micke. "M/S Tor Anglia (1966)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  8. ^ a b c Asklander, Micke. "M/S Tor Britannia (1975)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  9. ^ a b c Asklander, Micke. "M/S Tor Scandinavia (1976)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 

External links[edit]