|Developer(s)||Health Information Systems Programme|
|Type||Health management information system|
|License||DHIS 1: proprietary
DHIS 2: BSD
The District Health Information Software (DHIS) is the central management information system of Health Facilities .Which provides users the option of data entry , analysis and much more. Different versions of this name have been developed by different companies and are being used in multiple countries . One of them being the oldest in terms of its evolutionary process is the DHIS being used by Ministry of Health Government of Pakistan. Its Development history goes back to early 90's when an MS Access based system named Hospital Management Information System - HMIS was developed and was used in Health department. In its Next version the DHIS was developed using opensource technologies by AZM, funded by JICA . While in the upcoming and present version it was developed for the online system as a web based application by Eycon Pvt Ltd and funded by TRF . Which is now being used in Pakistani Health Department for the maintenance of Data of Health Facilities and is managed , supported by Eycon Pvt. While other types of dhis include the system named dhis2 which is a highly flexible, open-source health management information system and data warehouse. It is developed by the Health Information Systems Programme (HISP). The core development activities are managed and coordinated by the Department of Informatics at the University of Oslo, and supported by The Norwegian Research Council, NORAD, The University of Oslo, and The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education.
The solution covers aggregated routine data, semi-permanent data (staffing, equipment, infrastructure, population estimates), survey/audit data, and certain types of case-based or patient-based data (for instance disease notification or patient satisfaction surveys). The system supports the capture of data linked to any level in an organisational hierarchy, any data collection frequency, a high degree of customisation at both the input and output side. It has been translated into a number of languages.
The DHIS2 was originally developed for three health districts in Cape Town in 1998-99, but has since spread via the HISP network to nearly half of sub-Saharan Africa, where its use covers a population of 300-400 million people, and to a number of countries in Asia. The initial scope - routine monthly Primary Health Center data – has systematically been expanded to cover nearly all aspects of health data and information (excluding electronic health records). Available aggregated data for South Africa from 1998–2007, for instance, represent close to one billion patient encounters.
DHIS2 is available in several releases:
- DHIS 1.3
- DHIS 1.4
- DHIS 2.0
DHIS 1.3 and 1.4
The DHIS2 was developed on the Microsoft Access platform consisting of VBA for the interface or program logic (front-end), Access as a database (back-end), Excel for reporting and Windows as the OS. DHIS 1.4 is a significant overhaul of the version 1.3 database structure, using various output formats for reporting. It bridges the gap between DHIS 1.3 and 2.0.
DHIS2 is an open source alternative to the earlier releases. The software development process is a global collaboration between students, researchers and experienced developers in Norway, India, South Africa, Ethiopia, Vietnam, Nigeria and Colombia. The first release, version 2.0, came in February 2008 after three years of development releases. DHIS2 is developed using open-source Java frameworks and tools, such as the Spring Framework, Hibernate, Struts2, Maven, and JUnit.
- Eycon Pvt Ltd www.eycon.co
- Lars, Mangset (2005). "Abstract of Thesis submitted to University of Oslo". DHIS-2 - A Globally Distributed Development Process. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- Braa, Jørn; Humberto Muquing (2007). "Building collaborative networks in Africa on health information systems and open source software development – Experiences from the HISP/BEANISH network". CiteSeerX: 10
.1 .1 .131 .8950.