DIN sync

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pin out

The DIN sync standard, often called "SYNC" or "Sync24" (more rarely "Sync48"), defines an interface for electronic music instruments.

Definition and history[edit]

It was introduced in the early 1980s by Roland Corporation for the synchronization of music sequencers, drum machines, arpeggiators and similar devices. It has since been superseded by MIDI, in the mid to late 1980s. The DIN sync standard consists of two signals, clock (tempo) and run/stop. Both signals are TTL compatible, meaning the low state is 0 V and the high state is about +5 V.

The clock signal is a low frequency pulse wave suggesting the tempo. Instead of measuring the waveform's frequency, the machine receiving the signal merely has to count the number of pulses to work out when to increment its position in the music. Roland equipment uses 24 pulses per quarter note (PPQN for short), known as Sync24. Therefore, a Roland compatible device playing sixteenth notes would have to advance to the next note every time it receives 6 pulses. Korg equipment uses 48 pulses per quarter note.

The run/stop signal shows whether the sequence is playing or not.

The DIN sync standard is so named because it uses 5 pin DIN connectors, the same as used for MIDI. DIN sync itself is not a DIN standard. Note that despite using the same connectors as MIDI, it uses different pins on these connectors (1, 2, and 3 rather than MIDI's 2, 4 and 5), so a cable made specifically for MIDI won't necessarily have the pins required for DIN sync physically connected via wires. In some applications the remaining pins (4 and 5) are even used as "tap", "fill in" or "reset and start", but this differs from one device to another.

The layout is:

  • Pin 1 = start / stop (stop = 0 volt, start = +5 volt)
  • Pin 2 = ground
  • Pin 3 = clock (symmetric pulse wave 0/+5 volt, the positive slope determines the clock step)
  • Pin 4 = reset start (optional; technically the same as start/stop; the reset is valid for the song mode of roland machines)
  • Pin 5 = fill in (optional; technically the same as start/stop; it activated the fill in function of the TR-808 and TR-606)

If a device is a DIN sync sender, the positive slope must reset the clock signal, and the clock signal must start with a delay of 9 ms.[1]

Relation to other clock systems[edit]

Other clock systems[edit]

The MIDI interface uses the same connectors, but is electrically not compatible with DIN sync. The MIDI protocol contains MIDI clock (also known as MIDI beat clock). MIDI clock also works with 24 so called "ticks" per quarter note (one tick corresponds to one nibble of the protocol).

So called "analog clock signals" are equivalent to the clock signal at pin 3 of DIN sync interface. The clock rate is usually higher than the DIN sync's rate. Typical values are 48, 96 or 192 pulses per quarter note (examples: Oberheim DMX, DX, DSX; Linndrum 1 and 2).

So called "analog trigger signals" transfer a pulse per musical event. For instance a trigger corresponds to a step of an analog sequencer or an arpeggiator, a step in a rhythm pattern. Typical analog triggers run at four pulses per quarter note.

Combining DIN sync with other clock systems[edit]

The combination of DIN sync with a different clock system can be achieved either by converting the format and / or the clock rate (see list below) or by using a central unit (so called master clock), which provides multiple clock formats. The approach with a masterclock is usually chosen, especially if a synchronization with absolute time is required, such as synchronisation with a tape recorder or with video footage.

Typical devices which can act as a master clock and provide DIN sync include the Roland SBX-80, Roland SBX-10, Friendchip SRC, and Yamaha MSS1. Many drum machines which have DIN sync and MIDI clock outputs can act as master clock for those two formats.

Converting DIN sync from and to other clock systems[edit]

Though DIN sync and MIDI clock have the same clock rate, they require a conversion of the format within a microprocessor or similar. The conversion from MIDI clock to DIN sync is available in many industrial devices. For the conversion from DIN sync to MIDI clock there is at the moment only the device 'Sync-Split2' of the company Innerclock Systems. Also two no longer produced devices do this type of conversion: Roland SBX10, Korg KMS30. On September 1st 2014, Roland introduced the SBX-1 which provides MIDI to sync24 or sync48 conversion.

To get an analog trigger or clock from the DIN syncs clock signal one has to use digital frequency division or frequency multiplication. There are no dedicated industrial devices, which provide a division. The Roland SBX10 can convert into a 48, 96, and 120 PPQN clock.

Devices with DIN sync[edit]

Some devices have a DIN sync input as well as DIN sync output, other device have only a single DIN socket which sometimes can be switched between input and output.

Company Model In / Out PPQN Remark
Acidlab Bassline Switchable 24
Adafruit x0xb0x Switchable 24 Converts DIN sync to MIDI and MIDI to DIN sync
Doepfer MCV-24 Out only Up to 24 Conversion from MIDI to DIN sync, a division factor can be set
Doepfer MSY2 Out only 1.5 to 24 Conversion from MIDI to DIN sync, a division factor can be set between 1:1 and 1:16
Elektron Analog Four/Keys Out only MIDI out jack can be set up to output DIN sync24/sync48
E-RM Erfindungsbüro Midiclock⁺ Out only 4, 24 Switchable MIDI / sync out jack can be set up to output sync24 or analog clock (4 PPQN)
Future Retro Mobius Out only 24 Provides MIDI to DIN sync conversion
Future Retro Revolution Out only 24 Provides MIDI to DIN sync conversion
JoMoX XBase09 Switchable 24
Kawai R-100 Switchable
KOMA Elektronik RH301 In and out 24 sync24; converts MIDI & analogue clock to DIN sync and DIN sync to MIDI and analogue clock
Korg KPR-77 Switchable 48
Korg DDM-110 Switchable 48
Korg DDM-220 Switchable 48
Novation DrumStation Out only 24 converts MIDI clock to DIN sync
Roland MC-202 In and out 24
Roland MC-4 Switchable Various
Roland MPU-401 Out only 24
Roland TB-303 In only 24 The TB-303 has a switch in the DIN socket, which disables the internal clock and enables the external DIN sync. DIN Sync out can be achieved unofficially, if the DIN connector is inserted not completely in the socket.
Roland TR-606 Switchable 24 two trigger outs via programming of the toms
Roland TR-707 Switchable 24 trigger out via programming of the rimshot, no conversion from MIDI clock to DIN sync!
Roland TR-727 Switchable 24 trigger out via programming of the agogo bell, no conversion from MIDI clock to DIN sync!
Roland TR-808 Switchable 24 three trigger outs via programming of cowbell, clap, and accent
Roland TR-909 In only 24 trigger out via programming of the rimshot
Roland CSQ-600 Out only 12 provides also the a special CSQ-Clock, and clock for the CR-78 (12 PPQN)
Roland Jupiter-8 In only 12 for synchronizing arpeggio
Roland MSQ-100 In and out
Roland MSQ-700 In and out
Tama TSQ-1000 Switchable this is trigger sequencer which provides six trigger tracks

Note that sync48 devices can be combined with sync24 devices, if 32nd notes are programmed instead of 16th notes.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See service manual TR-808, Fig.8 and Fig.9