DKT International

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"DKT" redirects here. For the transport company, see Drammen Kommunale Trikk.
DKT International logo
Founded 1989
Founder Phil Harvey
Focus Family planning and HIV/AIDS prevention
Area served
Africa, Asia, Latin America
Method Social marketing of family planning and HIV/AIDS products and services
Slogan Changing Lives Through Social Marketing

DKT International (DKT) is a charitable non-profit organization that promotes family planning and HIV prevention through social marketing. The Washington, D.C.-based DKT was founded in 1989 by Phil Harvey and operates in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Much of its revenue comes from its sales of low-cost contraceptives. In 2013, DKT sold over 548 million condoms, 71 million cycles of oral contraceptives, 17 million injectable contraceptives and 1.7 million intrauterine devices (IUDs). This is equivalent to 23.6 million couple years of protection (CYPs), making DKT one of the largest private providers of contraceptives in the developing world. The average cost per CYP was less than US$2.00.[2] DKT's marketing strategies have included advertising, creating location-specific brands, working with local social networks and militaries, and targeting high-risk groups.[3][4][5][6][7] DKT also works with health workers and clinics that provide family planning products, information, and services.[3] Charity Navigator has given DKT a four-star financial rating, with 98.1% of its budget going towards programs and 1.8% towards administration and fund raising in 2011.[1]


Phil Harvey first became interested in family planning in 1968 while working on emergency food relief for CARE International in India.[8] In 1970, Phil Harvey and his UNC professor Tim Black founded the business Adam & Eve in order to finance their charitable activities and founded the non-profit health organization Population Services International that same year.[8][9][10] DKT International, named for D.K. Tyagi, an early pioneer of family planning in India, was founded in 1989.[11] DKT has grown quickly over the years. For example, its revenue from selling contraceptives increased from US$4.5 million in 1996 to $75 million in 2010, and its CYPs increased from 5.7 million in 2002 to more than 25 million in 2012.[12]

In 2006, DKT International refused to take the U.S. government's anti-prostitution pledge, feeling the pledge would interfere with its HIV/AIDS services worldwide. DKT challenged the pledge as a violation of First Amendment rights, with the support of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). Judge Emmet G. Sullivan ruled in favor of DKT in the District Court for the District of Columbia on May 18, 2006, but the Court of Appeals reversed the decision on February 27, 2007.[13][14] A different organization successfully challenged the pledge before the U.S. Supreme Court in Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.[15]


On Dec. 31, 2013, Phil Harvey stepped down as president after 24 years, and Christopher Purdy took over as the new president. Its board includes Tim Black, Robert Ciszewski, Christopher Purdy, Julie Stewart and Harvey, who also serves as chair of the board.[16] In 2011, 68% of DKT's revenue was from contraceptive sales, 14% from grants and contracts, 14% from contributions (including goods and services) and 4% from investments and royalties. 41.6% of costs were related to sales, 56.5% to other program expenses, 1.5% to administration, and 0.3% to fund raising.[17] Revenue from contraceptive sales first exceeded donor support in 2005.[12]


As of 2014, DKT International's donors include: the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Government of India, Open Road Alliance, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the U.S. Department of Defense (President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.[18]


As of 2014, DKT International has 23 programs in 19 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.[19]

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  1. ^ a b "Current Rating - DKT International". Charity Navigator. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  2. ^ "About DKT". DKT International. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  3. ^ a b "How Social Marketing Changes Lives". DKT International. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  4. ^ Batty, David (November 2, 2007). "Coffee condoms promote safe sex in Ethiopia". The Guardian. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  5. ^ Jordon, Miriam (September 21, 1999). "Selling Birth Control to India's Poor: Medicine Men Market an Array Of Contraceptives". The Wall Street Journal. 
  6. ^ Cheshes, Jay (2002). "Hard-Core Philanthropist". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  7. ^ Schnayerson, Ben (November 24, 2002). "AIDS in Asia: The Continent's Growing Crisis". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Philip D. Harvey: King of porn, master of charity (including interview)". Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  9. ^ "About Adam & Eve". Adam & Eve. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  10. ^ "PSI at a Glance". Population Services International. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  11. ^ "Phil Harvey: Kind of blue". The Independent. April 23, 2005. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "Progress Report" (PDF). DKT International. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  13. ^ "ACLU and Public Health Groups Urge Appeals Court to Reject Bush Global AIDS Gag" (Press release). American Civil Liberties Union. 2006-12-21. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  14. ^ United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. "DKT International v. USAID" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  15. ^ Roberts, John (20 June 2013). "AGENCY FOR INT’L DEVELOPMENT v. ALLIANCE FOR". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Board". DKT International. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  17. ^ "Operating Financials". DKT International. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  18. ^ "Donors". DKT International. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "Our Programs". DKT International. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 

External links[edit]

Program Geographical area Year created 2013 CYPs Additional info
Brazil Latin America 1991 1,302,381 Program description
China - Shanghai Asia 1996 1,038,780 Program description
China - Beijing Asia 2011 19,675 Program description
Democratic Republic of Congo Africa 2009 242,866 Program description
Egypt Africa 2004 2,891,935 Program description
Ethiopia Africa 1990 2,442,890 Program description
Ghana Africa 2011 190,624 Program description
India - Bihar (Janani) Asia 1996 1,363,085 Program description
India - Mumbai Asia 1992 2,892,288 Program description
Indonesia Asia 1996 7,101,520 Program description
Malaysia Asia 1990 10,764 Program description
Mexico Latin America 2003 399,941 Program description
Morocco Africa 2010 46,280 Program description
Mozambique Africa 2009 100,245 Program description
Myanmar Asia 2013 []
Nigeria Africa 2012 Program description
Pakistan Asia 2012 283,562 Program description
Philippines Asia 1991 2,621,835 Program description
Sudan Africa 2005 212,012 Program description
Tanzania Africa 2013 Program description
Thailand Asia 2009 61,821 Program description
Turkey Asia 2008 146,437 Program description
Vietnam Asia 1993 264,325 Program description