A DNA bank is a repository of DNA, usually used for research. The NIAS DNA Bank, for example, collects the DNA of agricultural organisms, such as rice and fish, for scientific research. Most DNA provided by DNA banks is used for studies to attempt to develop more productive or more environmentally friendly agricultural species. Some DNA banks also store the DNA of rare or endangered species to ensure their survival.
DNA Banking is the secure, long term storage of an individual’s genetic material. DNA is most commonly extracted from blood, but can also be obtained from cheek cells, saliva, or other tissues. DNA can be banked at any time during a person’s life, but it is particularly urgent for the elderly and terminally ill. Once a person is buried or cremated, it is difficult or impossible to obtain a DNA sample.
Approximately 75% of all diseases can be traced to our genetic makeup. With testing you can know what diseases you are at risk of developing. By doing this you can take preventative measures to minimize these risks. Current technology is already capable of using DNA to predict certain health predispositions in the family, and advances are being made to identify many more. Knowing your family’s genetic history assists in early detection, making it possible to take measures to prevent or mitigate the devastating effects of the disease before it is too late.
DNA database, an electronic database of the results of DNA fingerprinting of many individuals, used for forensic purposes.
- De Vicente, C and Meike S. Andersson (editors) (2006). DNA banks - providing novel options for genebanks?. AMS (Bioversity's Regional Office for the Americas), IPGRI, SGRP. 84 p.
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