DNA database

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A DNA database or DNA databank is a database of DNA data. A DNA database can be used in the analysis of genetic diseases, genetic fingerprinting for criminology, or genetic genealogy. DNA databases may be public or private. those databases do not normally hold DNA except for a short time. DNA fingerprints or DNA profiles are made from the DNA and these are held electronically in the DNA database.

The largest DNA database in the world is CODIS,[1] followed by the United Kingdom National DNA Database,[2] and thirdly a Californian DNA database[clarification needed] (its records are included in CODIS).[3]

The Australian criminal DNA database is called the National Criminal Investigation DNA Database (NCIDD)[4] and the Canadian equivalent is the National DNA Data Bank (NDDB) [5]

Types[edit]

A national DNA database is a government database of DNA profiles against which law enforcement agencies can match suspect DNA.

A genetic genealogy database is a DNA database of genealogical DNA test results.

A medical DNA database is a DNA database of medically relevant genetic variations [1].

Privacy issues[edit]

Critics of DNA databases warn that the various uses of the technology can pose a threat to individual civil liberties.[6][7] Personal information included in genetic material, such as markers that identify various genetic diseases and behavioral traits, could be used for discriminatory profiling and its collection may constitute an invasion of privacy.[8] DNA can also be used to establish paternity and whether or not a child is adopted.

References[edit]