DR Radio

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DR Radio[1] is the part of DR, the Danish national broadcasting corporation, concerned with radio programming.

Analogue radio[edit]

  • P1 - "Thought-provoking radio": factual programming, reports, discussion and debate on public affairs, society and the community, plus in-depth news. It is broadcast around the clock on DAB and web radio; also (daytimes only) on FM – since 1 November 2011 P1 has timeshared its FM frequencies with P2.[2]
  • P2 Klassisk - "Music and cultural radio": classical music, opera, jazz, radio drama, and coverage of other artistic performances and events. It is broadcast around the clock on DAB and web radio; also (evenings and overnight only) on FM – since 1 November 2011 P2 has timeshared its FM frequencies with P1.[2]
  • P3 - Hit radio, with popular entertainment shows and hourly three-minute news bulletins. P3 also covers major sporting events. It is broadcast on FM, DAB and web radio.
  • P4 - DR's most popular radio channel: a "modern public service station" broadcast in 11 regional versions, mixing popular music with national and local news. P4 also provides a Traffic Message Channel service of travel news. It is broadcast on FM and web radio.
Map showing P4's 11 regions

The regional P4 channels are:

DR also has a mediumwave station (called P5 Mellembølge until late 2009) carrying three daily news bulletins, a gymnastics programme, and weather and other reports for seafarers. The programming is transmitted from Kalundborg, the site of the powerful long-range analogue longwave P6 Langbølge which officially ceased transmissions in 2007, but has since carried low-power digital DRM test transmissions and briefly resumed analogue transmissions at full power from 16–31 October 2009. In addition, Danmarks Radio has operated Radio Denmark on short waves, which was originally broadcast from Denmark in Danish and English, and later from transmitter sites in Norway in Danish only.

DAB stations[edit]

The first trials of DAB were carried out in 1995.[3]

In 2002 DR began broadcasting eight new DAB channels: pop station DR Boogie Skum, parliamentary channel DR Demokrati, jazz station DR Jazz, classical music station DR Klassisk, news station DR Nyheder, cultural station DR Plus, rock station DR Rock, and soft music station DR Soft.[4] In 2003 DR Litteratur was added to the line-up [5] and 2004 saw the launch of DR Sport and DR Event.[6]

In December 2004 a second transmitter network was launched, broadcasting DR Gyldne Genhør (drama, comedy and popular music from the archives), DR Kanonkamelen (programmes for young children), DR Erhverv (economic and financial news), as well as digital versions of P1, P3 and P4 Danmark.[7] DR Barracuda (programmes for older children) was added in 2005[citation needed].

In August 2005, the commercial radio stations Sky Radio (now defunct) and Radio 100FM began broadcasting on the DAB network, reducing the space available for DR and obliging it to abandon three of its DAB channels: DR Erhverv, DR Event and DR P4 Danmark (a nationwide version of the regional channel).[8]

On New Year's Day 2006 the popular music station DR Soft was closed down, but following protests it was soon brought back[citation needed]. Initially, it was intended it would remain on air until the launch of a new channel called DR X, but as Sky Radio had ceased broadcasting in November 2005, DR Soft and DR X were able to continue alongside each other[citation needed].

December 2006 saw major changes to the line-up when the granting of exclusive use of one of the two DAB transmitter networks to the commercial stations meant that DR Gyldne Genhør, DR Kultur, DR Litteratur, DR Soft and DR Sport all had to close. They were replaced by DR P2 Plus, a resurrected DR P4 Danmark, and DR P4 Hit.[9]

As part of a cost saving plan, DR X was closed in October 2007. It was replaced by DR Dansktop, which had previously broadcast solely on the Internet.[10] Towards the end of 2007, DR closed down two other DAB channels: the cultural channel DR P2 Plus and the children's channel DR Barracuda[citation needed]. These were replaced by two pop music channels: DR Coco and DR MGP[citation needed]. Meanwhile, DR P2 Klassisk and DR P4 Hit changed their names by dropping the reference to their analogue parent channels and becoming DR Klassisk and DR Hit[citation needed].

DR P2 joined the DAB platform in the summer of 2008.[11] On November 18, 2008, DR launched DR P5000.[12] This meant that DR Coco was closed down. At the same time, DR MGP became a web-only channel and was replaced by DR Pop DK.[13][14]

On November 2, 2009, P4 Danmark is replaced by DR P5.[15]

As at November 1, 2011 the line-up of DR stations available on DAB is:[16]

DAB+[edit]

It was announced on 28th September 2013 that transmissions would convert to the DAB+ format on 1st December 2014. DR broadcasts will move to the second DAB national network (which can be regionalised)and the first network would be sold to a private broadcasting concern[17]

Web radio[edit]

All of the above FM and DAB stations are streamed on the internet. DR previously provided a further 13 music channels available only via web radio. As of November 2007 these were:

  • DR Allegro – popular classical music, film music, musicals, operetta
  • DR Barometer – (formerly DR Electric) alt-rock and indie
  • DR Country – country music
  • DR Dansktop – popular music and schlagers (up-tempo oom-pah-pah)
  • DR Electronica – electronica
  • DR Evergreen
  • DR Folk – folk music both Nordic and Anglo-American
  • DR Hip Hop – (formerly DR Ghetto) hiphop from underground to mainstream
  • DR Modern Rock
  • DR R&B – R&B, soul
  • DR Soft – pop
  • DR Spillemand – Danish, Nordic, and Irish/Scottish/English folk music
  • DR World – world music

However, these additional stations have now closed and DR Radio currently streams over the internet only those channels also available on DAB and FM.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DR in brief". DR. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  2. ^ a b "DR Press Release regarding P1 & P2 changes" (Press release). DR. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "De digitale kanaler" (Press release). DR. October 10, 2002. 
  5. ^ "12 timers litteraturradio om dagen" (Press release). DR. August 25, 2003. 
  6. ^ "Følg hele EM-slutrunden på ny digital radiokanal - DR Sport" (Press release). DR. June 3, 2004. 
  7. ^ "DR klar med seks nye DAB-tilbud" (Press release). DR. November 11, 2004. 
  8. ^ "Sky og Radio 100FM på DAB" (Press release). DR. August 12, 2005. 
  9. ^ "Fire nye kanaler på DAB" (Press release). DR. December 14, 2006. 
  10. ^ "Godt nyt til Dansktop-fans" (Press release). DR. October 22, 2007. 
  11. ^ (Press release). DR. June 30, 2008 http://dr.dk/presse/Article.asp?articleID=26423.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ (Press release). DR. November 13, 2008 http://www.dr.dk/presse/Article.asp?articleID=26742.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "DR opfrisker DAB-platformen". Mediawatch.dk. November 13, 2007. 
  14. ^ "DAB : DR rokerer rundt og åbner to nye kanaler". Radiodays. 
  15. ^ "P5 - lyden af søndag, hver dag". DR. November 2, 2009. 
  16. ^ "DR DAB line up from November 1, 2011". 
  17. ^ "Danish Culture Ministry announcement on DAB+ conversion". Kulturstyrelsen. September 28, 2013.