DSB Class EA

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DSB Class EA
Rdk-ea-3018.jpg
Railion EA 3018
Specifications
Power type Electric
Build date delivery:
EA 3001 to 3010 : 1984-86[1]
EA 3011 to 3022 : 1992-93[2]
Total produced 22[3]
UIC classification Bo'Bo'
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Wheel diameter 1,250 mm (49.21 in)[1]
Wheelbase bogie centres
9,940 mm (32 ft 7.34 in)[1]
axle wheelbase
2,800 mm (9 ft 2.24 in)[1]
Length 19,380 mm (63 ft 7 in)[1]
Width 3,180 mm (10 ft 5.2 in)[1]
Height 4,590 mm (15 ft 0.7 in)[1]
Locomotive weight 80 t (78.7 long tons; 88.2 short tons)[3]
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz AC[3] Catenary
Current collection
method
Pantograph
Top speed maximum 160 km/h (99 mph)[3]
Power output 4,000 kW (5,400 hp) at rail[3]
Tractive effort starting 260 kN (58,000 lbf)[3]
Career

The DSB Class EA was the first electric locomotive in Denmark, introduced in 1984. In total, 22 units were built for the DSB, about half were acquired by Deutsche Bahn in 2001 when it took over the freight business of DSB.

Between 2007 and 2010 many of the locomotives began freight services in Bulgaria, as of 2010 only six units remain with the Danish state railways.

Background, design and construction[edit]

The first stretch of railway in Denmark was electrified in March 1986; DSB needed an electric locomotive that could be used as a combined freight/passenger unit. The locomotive was based on the German Class 120.[3] The customisation included a re-designed body (adapted to DSB's new locomotive design), and adaption to the Danish overhead wire voltage (25 kV 50 Hz, as opposed to the German 15 kV 16 23 Hz).

The locomotives were manufactured by a consortium of companies led by BBC:[3] BBC (after 1998 ABB, Siemens Henschel (after 1990 ABB Henschel), Thyssen-Henschel, EB Strømmen and ABB Scandia.[4] The locomotives can work in push pull mode and in multiple.[3]

The bodies of the first two locomotives were manufactured by Henschel in Germany, the remaining units Scandia.[1]

Locomotive history[edit]

Initially the locomotives worked on passenger trains in Zealand, after the opening of the Great Belt Fixed Link in 1997 the locomotives were used on services on Funen and Jutland. After the introduction of the IR4 trains the locomotives were mostly used on passenger services.

In 2001 the freight arm of DSB (DSB Gods) was acquired by Railion[5] and ten locomotives, numbers 3011 to 3019 and 3021 became the property of Railion Denmark.[1][6]

In 2007 5 locomotives were sold to private Bulgarian gas firm Bulmarket[7] for use on its liquified gas trains.

In 2010 DB Schenker Bulgaria began running trains in Bulgaria, using ex DSB EA locomotives it had inherited from Railion;[8] the locomotives received class number 86 whilst retaining the original locomotive number.[9]

List of locomotives[edit]

The 22 class EA locomotives are named after scientists, engineers and railway people as follows:[1][2][10][clarification needed]

Number Name Entered service History and notes
3001 H C Ørsted 1984 First electric train in Denmark 20 March 1986. Repainted in DSB blue livery 2006
3002 Niels Bohr 1984 Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007
3003 Heinrich Wenck 1985 Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007
3004 Ole Rømer 1985 Received DSB blue livery 2006
3005 William Radford 1985 Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007
3006 Valdemar Poulsen 1985 Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007
3007 Kirstine Meyer 1985 Received DSB blue livery 2006
3008 Otto Busse 1986 Out of service 2004 (used for spares), sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007
3009 Anker Engelund 1986 Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007
3010 Søren Hjorth 1986 Received DSB blue livery 2006
3011 Thomas B Thrige 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3011 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Romania as 465001 in 2009[11]
3012 A R Angelo 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3012 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Romania as 465002 in 2009[12]
3013 Wilhelm Hellesen 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3013 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010[9][13]
3014 C E Krarup 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3014 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010[9][14]
3015 Nielsine Nielsen 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3014 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria.[9]
3016 A W Hauch 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3016 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2009[15]
3017 Emil Chr Hansen 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3017 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010[9][16]
3018 Niels Finsen 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3018 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Romania as 465004 in 2009[17]
3019 P O Pedersen 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3019 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010[9][18]
3020 G F Ursin 1992 In storage 2004-5, received blue DSB livery 2006 and returned to service
3021 P W Lund 1992 Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3021 in 2001, shipped to Romania 2009[19]
3022 Søren Frich 1992 Received DSB blue livery 2006

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ea lokomotiver, www.jernbanen.dk
  2. ^ a b DSB Litra EA , www.jernbanen.dk
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Electric Locomotives Reference List , "Electric Locomotive EA 3000 for Danish State Railways DSB", p.14 , webdoc.siemens.it
  4. ^ Strækningslokomotiver , section "Litra EA 3001-3022." , www.dsb.dk
  5. ^ Railion recruits another member , 1 January 2001 , www.railwaygazette.com
  6. ^ Steckbrief DSB EA 3001-3022 , www.sebtus.de
  7. ^ Bulmarket Purchased 5 Used Locomotives from Danmark , 16 August2007 , www.rzd-partner.com
  8. ^ DB Schenker Rail Bulgaria begins independent operations , 31 May 2010 , www.eyefortransport.com
  9. ^ a b c d e f Railion EA 3013 , www.jernbanen.dk
  10. ^ Lauritsen, Tom (1997). Danske lokomotiver og motorvogne 1997 (in Danish). Frank Stenvalls Förlag. pp. 7–8. ISBN 91-7266-141-0. 
  11. ^ Railion EA 3011 , www.jernbanen.dk
  12. ^ Railion EA 3012 , www.jernbanen.dk
  13. ^ Chris Bailey; Miroslav Georgiev (October 2010). "DB Schenker EAs at work". Today's Railways Europe (178): 57. 
  14. ^ Railion EA 3014 , www.jernbanen.dk
  15. ^ Railion EA 3016 , www.jernbanen.dk
  16. ^ Railion EA 3017 , www.jernbanen.dk
  17. ^ Railion EA 3018 , www.jernbanen.dk
  18. ^ Railion EA 3019 , www.jernbanen.dk
  19. ^ Railion EA 3021 , www.jernbanen.dk

External links[edit]