||It has been suggested that this article be merged with DVD-R, DVD+RW, DVD-RW and DVD recordable. (Discuss) Proposed since April 2013.|
A DVD+R is a recordable optical disc. It is similar to, but incompatible with, the older DVD-R standard. A DVD+R is a write-once optical disc with 4.7 gigabytes (GB) of storage, generally used for non-volatile data storage or video applications.
The DVD+R format was developed by a coalition of corporations—now known as the DVD+RW Alliance—in mid-2002 (though most of the initial advocacy was from Sony). The DVD+R format competes with the DVD-R format, which is developed by the DVD Forum. The DVD Forum initially did not approve of the DVD+R format and claimed that the DVD+R format was not an official DVD format until January 25, 2008.
In October 2003, it was demonstrated that double layer technology could be used with a DVD+R disc to nearly double the capacity to 8.5 GB per disc. Manufacturers have incorporated this technology into commercial devices since mid-2004.
As of 2007, the recordable DVD market still shows little sign of settling down in favor of either format. Since almost all DVD writers sold today can record to both formats, this is not an issue for most people. When creating DVDs for distribution (where the playing unit is unknown or older), using the DVD-R format is preferable, because most older (up to 2004) standalone DVD video players and DVD ROM drives citation needed][not in citation given][
DVD+R discs carry up to 8.5 GB of data, approximately the same as DVD-R. Unlike DVD+RW discs, DVD+R discs can only be written to once. Thus, DVD+R discs are suited to applications such as non-volatile data storage, audio, or video. This can cause confusion because the DVD+RW Alliance logo is a stylized 'RW'. Thus, a DVD+R disc may have the RW logo, but it is not rewritable.
DVD+R discs must be formatted before being recorded by a compatible DVD video recorder. DVD-R do not have to be formatted before being recorded by a compatible DVD video recorder, because the two variants of the discs are written in different formats (see DVD+VR and DVD-VR respectively).
The DVD+R format is divergent from the DVD-R format. Hybrid drives that can handle both, often labeled 'DVD±RW', are very popular since there is not a single standard for recordable DVDs. There are a number of significant technical differences between the 'dash' and the 'plus' format, although most users would not notice the difference. One example is that the DVD+R style Address In Pregroove (ADIP) system of tracking and speed control is less susceptible to interference and error, which makes the ADIP system more accurate at higher speeds than the Land Pre Pit (LPP) system used by DVD-R. In addition, DVD+R(W) has a more robust error management system than DVD-R(W), allowing for more accurate burning to media, independent of the quality of the media. The practical upshot is that a DVD+R writer is able to locate data on the disc to byte accuracy whereas DVD-R is incapable of such precision.
Additional session linking methods are more accurate with DVD+R(W) versus DVD-R(W), resulting in fewer damaged or unusable discs due to buffer under-run and multi-session discs with fewer PI/PO errors.
Like other 'plus' media, it is possible to change the book type to increase the compatibility of DVD+R media (though unlike DVD+RW, it is a one way process). This is also known as bitsetting.[dead link]
Recordable DVD capacity comparison
For comparison, the table below shows storage capacities of the four most common DVD recordable media, excluding DVD-RAM. SL stands for standard single-layer discs, while DL denotes the double-layer variants. See articles on the formats in question for information on compatibility issues.
|Disk Type||Data sectors
(2,048 B each)
|SL / DL – Single/Dual layer|
- DVD recorder (DVDR)
- DVD-R DL
- DVD+R DL
- DVD+RW DL
- MultiLevel Recording, an obsolete technology (with non-binary modulation)
- Blu-ray Disc
- Blu-ray Disc recordable
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- "What is DVD?". Retrieved 2008-07-23.
- "Understanding DVD". Optical Storage Technology Association. 2004. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- McFarland, Patrick (October 30, 2006), How To Choose CD/DVD Archival Media, Ad terras pera spera.
- "Increased compatibility: DVD bitsetting". CD freaks (review). Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- Data interchange on 120 mm and 80 mm Optical Disc using +R format (technical specification), ISO/IEC, 2005, 17344.
- Data interchange on 120 mm and 80 mm optical disc using +R DL format – Capacity: 8.55 GB and 2.66 GB per side (recording speed up to 16×) (technical specification), ISO/IEC, 2008, 25434.
- What's the difference between DVD-R and DVD+R?, DVD demystified.