DW Stadium

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DW
DW Stadium logo.svg
Warm up at the DW Stadium, Wigan - geograph.org.uk - 2012508.jpg
Former names JJB Stadium (1999–2009)
Location Loire Drive, Robin Park, Wigan WN5 0UH
Coordinates 53°32′52″N 2°39′14″W / 53.54778°N 2.65389°W / 53.54778; -2.65389Coordinates: 53°32′52″N 2°39′14″W / 53.54778°N 2.65389°W / 53.54778; -2.65389
Built 1999[1][2]
Opened 7 August 1999
Owner Dave Whelan
Operator Wigan Football Company Ltd
Surface Grass
Construction cost £30m[2]
Architect Alfred McAlpine[1][2]
Capacity 25,133[3]
Field size 105 by 68 metres (115 yd × 74 yd)[3]
Tenants
Wigan Athletic
Wigan Warriors
Orrell R.U.F.C.
1999–present[2]
1999–present[2]
1999–2000[4]

The DW Stadium is a sports stadium in Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. Dave Whelan owns the ground,[5] which is used by Wigan Athletic football club[6] and leased by Wigan Warriors rugby league club. Built and opened in 1999,[1] it is named after its main sponsor, DW Sports Fitness,[7] and managed by the independent Wigan Football Company Limited.[8] In UEFA matches, it is called Wigan Athletic Stadium due to UEFA regulations on sponsorship.[9]

Its current capacity is 25,138—seated in four single-tier stands—and its record attendance was on 11 May 2008 when 25,133 people watched Wigan Athletic play Manchester United in the title-deciding match of the 2007–08 Premier League season.[1][10][11]

History[edit]

A view of the DW Stadium, from the bridge crossing the Leeds and Liverpool Canal

The stadium was built by Alfred McAlpine and completed in August 1999.[12]

Wigan Athletic had spent the previous 67 years playing at Springfield Park, and their first match at the stadium was a friendly against Morecambe, just before the stadium's official opening.[13]

The stadium's inauguration was marked with a friendly between Wigan Athletic and neighbours Manchester United — who were then reigning European champions, Premier League title and FA Cup holders — with United's manager Sir Alex Ferguson officially opening the stadium.

The first competitive football match there took place on 7 August 1999, with Wigan Athletic facing Scunthorpe United in a Division Two match. Simon Haworth scored twice, including the first competitive goal at the new stadium, as Athletic triumphed 3–0.[14]

Wigan Warriors moved to the stadium a month after it opened, once they had played their final home game of the 1999 regular season at Central Park which had been the clubs home since 1902. After their former ground was sold, the possibility of ground sharing with Bolton Wanderers F.C. at the modern Reebok Stadium was presented, however, the new stadium in Wigan was chosen instead.[15] Their first game at the stadium was a play-off match against Castleford Tigers, which they lost, on 19 September.[16] Wigan did not lose a competitive match at the stadium in 2001.[1] [17]

The first away team to win a competitive football match at the stadium was Wigan Athletic. A first round FA Cup tie against non-league Cambridge City was played there due to City's ground being deemed unsuitable to host the tie. Wigan played in their changed strip and used the away dressing room since it was technically a 'home' game for Cambridge City. A Stuart Barlow brace secured the win for Wigan.[14] Wigan subsequently lost at home to Wolverhampton Wanderers in the third round of the FA Cup on 11 December 1999. Oldham Athletic became the first team to beat Wigan in a league fixture at the JJB on 7 January 2000. The game was shown live on sky sports and finished 1–0 thanks to an 86th minute header from Lee Duxbury.

Whilst the Wigan Warriors and Wigan Athletic flourished in the new stadium (Wigan Athletic in particular would achieve significant success, rising up the English football pyramid to the Premier League by 2005), the fortunes of Orrell R.U.F.C. could not have been more different. Dave Whelan and Maurice Lindsay decided to invest heavily in the club, with the aim of having the club play in rugby union's Guinness Premiership at the then-JJB Stadium. After failing to win 2004's National Division Two, Whelan pulled a large amount of investment from the club, to a more modest GB£30,000 a year. This was the beginning of Orrell's demise, as players left during the summer of that year and the club were consequently relegated the season after. Ownership eventually passed from Lindsay back to the club's members, but by this point, Orrell had sold their former Edge Hall Road ground to Dave Whelan's company, Whelco Holdings, and therefore had no assets apart from their rebuilt clubhouse following a fire in 2002. Orrell never settled at the JJB Stadium, and were eventually de-professionalised at the end of the 2006–07 season.[18][19]

On 7 March 2005 Greater Manchester police announced that they would stop policing Wigan Athletic matches at the stadium from 2 April. This move would almost certainly have resulted in the stadium's safety certificate being revoked, effectively forcing the team to play behind closed doors. The move was part of an ongoing dispute between the police force and Dave Whelan surrounding GB£300,000 in unpaid policing costs. The police's decision would not have affected Wigan Warriors, whose games are stewarded instead of policed. The situation was temporarily resolved on 8 March with both sides reaching an agreement that would allow Athletic to play at the ground until the end of the season. Four months later, Wigan Athletic, facing the prospect of playing their home games in the Premier League in an empty stadium, grudgingly paid the money they owed to the police. The club successfully appealed against the payments in court and won damages from the police.[20]

On 10 November 2007 JJB Stadium was the venue for the last ever game of the Great Britain national rugby league team, a 28 – 22 victory over New Zealand.

On 7 September 2008, Wigan Warriors revealed plans to take their Super League Play-Off against Bradford Bulls to a neutral venue.[21] The controversial relocation was forced due to a fixture clash, with a match between football clubs Wigan Athletic and Sunderland to take place less than 24 hours after the Super League match.[22][23] Whelan, who controlled Wigan Athletic, refused permission for the Warriors to stage their elimination at the stadium, citing concerns over the playing surface.[24] The game was relocated to Widnes Vikings home ground, the Stobart Stadium.[23] In the same season, JJB Sports announced they would not continue to sponsor the Wigan Warriors, leaving them without a main shirt sponsor.[25][26]

The stadium's average attendance has increased significantly since its opening in 1999. The Wigan Warriors' average attendance has increased by 32.5% from its first full season at the stadium in 2000, and Wigan Athletic's average attendance has increased by 181.2% from the 2000–01 season. The highest recorded attendance for a rugby league match is shared between three fixtures; the Wigan Warriors' fixture against St Helens RLFC on 25 March 2005; Game 4 of the 2005 Tri-Nations series between Great Britain and Australia on 6 November; and Game 5 of the 2004 Tri-Nations series between Great Britain and Australia on 13 November at 25,004 each.[27][28][29] The highest recorded football attendance at the stadium was Wigan Athletic's home fixture against Manchester United on 11 May 2008—the final day of the 2007–08 Premier League season—with 25,133 fans attending.[10] This is the stadium's highest recorded overall attendance to date, and was the match where Manchester United were crowned Premier League champions for that season.[11]

The eastern 'Boston Stand'

In March 2009, Dave Whelan acquired a chain of fitness clubs from JJB Sports. In the process, Whelan used the business to set up a new venture, DWSportsfitness and announced that the stadium name would change to the DW Stadium in August.[30] Whelan also announced that at the same time the stadium was renamed, its ownership would pass from himself to Wigan Athletic.[8] Concerns about the future of the Wigan Warriors were arrested in the same announcement, as Whelan extended the lease on the stadium by 50 years for the rugby league team.[8] Before Wigan Warriors' match against Leeds Rhinos in July 2009, both clubs were given the opportunity to rename one stand, with the intention of renaming them in honour to a recognised player from each club's history. The rugby league club were granted the East Stand, which they renamed 'The Boston Stand' in tribute to the Welsh winger Billy Boston,[31] As Wigan Athletic had spent many years in the lower leagues it was recognised that most of their players were not known, so the West Stand was renamed 'The Springfield Stand' after the club's former ground.[31]

Structure and facilities[edit]

Stand capacities
Stand Capacity
North Stand
Nameless
5,418[1]
East Stand
The Boston Stand
8,238[1]
South Stand
Nameless
5,412[1]
West Stand
The Springfield Stand
6,100[1]
Total 25,168[1]

The stadium design is based on cantilevered, prefabricated steel roof and terrace structuring.[1] It is an all-seater arena with a seating capacity of 24,826.[1] The stands are rectangular and both the northern and southern stands have supporting steel girders suspended from beneath the roof. The four stands are of approximately the same height, however the stadium is not totally enclosed, leaving four exposed corners.[32]

At both Wigan Athletic and Wigan Warriors matches, away supporters are situated in the North Stand behind the goal.[2] Occasionally, during rugby games which attract low away support, the 5,418 capacity North Stand is closed altogether, and the away fans who attend are put into an alternative stand.[1][33] The eastern stand, known as 'The Boston Stand', and the western 'Springfield Stand' run across the longer sides of the pitch. The Boston Stand is the largest, capable of seating up to 8,238 fans and holding an electronic scoreboard.[1] The Springfield Stand contains the stadium's vital facilities; four dressing rooms, benches, a doping control room and a treatment room for the players, as well as four executive boxes, ten radio commentary points and a designated TV studio, in addition to holding 6,100 fans.[1][34] The North Stand and South Stand have a seating capacity of 5,418 and 5,412 respectively.[1] The stadium also has facilities and access for up to 278 fans with disabilities, with facilities for partially sighted fans.[34] The seats are a mixture of both resident teams' main colours — cherry red and blue. The stadium is fully compliant with safety guidelines for a sports ground.[34]

The pitch is large enough to conform with both FIFA and the standard rugby league requirements, at 110 by 60 metres (120 yd × 66 yd). This leaves an in-goal area just 5 metres (5.5 yd) deep for rugby matches. It is mostly made of natural grass, with 2% of the pitch composed of synthetics to provide stability.[1] The ground has irrigation, and an under-heating system to resist icy weather.[1]

Attendances[edit]

Wigan Warriors[edit]

Wigan Warriors moved from Central Park to the stadium in 1999 after the end of Super League IV's regular season. Since moving to the new stadium, Wigan Warriors' success in rugby league has not been as high as it was at their old Central Park ground, however the good times do seem to be back for the club after they won the Super League Grand Final and League Leaders shield in 2010 under the guidance of coach Michael Maguire and chairman Ian Lenagan.

Year Attendance
Average Highest
1999 [SL][A] 13,374[35] 13,374 (vs. Castleford Tigers)[35]
2000 [SL] 11,329[36] 19,186 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[36]
2001 [SL] 11,803[37] 21,073 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[37]
2002 [SL] 10,480[38] 18,789 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[38]
2003 [SL] 11,217[39] 21,790 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[39]
2004 [SL] 13,333[40] 20,052 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[40]
2005 [SL] 13,894[41] 25,004 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[41]
2006 [SL] 14,464[42] 18,358 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[42]
2007 [SL] 16,040[43] 24,028 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[43]
2008 [SL] 13,955[44] 19,958 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[44]
2009 [SL] 14,080[45] 22,232 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[45]
2010 [SL] 15,181[46] 22,701 (vs. Warrington Wolves)[46]
2011 [SL] 17,193 24,057 (vs. St Helens RLFC)[35]
SL = Super League

Attendances have generally risen for the Wigan Warriors since the start of the 2002 season, averaging around 14,000 over the three seasons from 2006 to 2009.[47] Aside from Grand Finals, the largest Super League attendance was recorded at the stadium in 2005 when Wigan Warriors played their local rivals, St Helens RLFC.[41]

This match is also the highest home attendance in the Wigan Warriors' history at the stadium. The twenty thousand mark has been broken ten times since moving to the new stadium in 1999—eight times against St Helens RLFC, once against local rivals Warrington Wolves in the opening round of the 2008 Super League XIII season, and once in July 2009 against the Leeds Rhinos following a campaign advertising the game as the 'Big One'.[17][48] In 2010, the Warriors were officially the biggest supported team in the Super League.

Wigan Athletic F.C.[edit]

Wigan Athletic's success has improved considerably since their move to the stadium from Springfield Park in 1999. Since 2000, Wigan Athletic have climbed up two divisions and now play in the Premier League.[49]

Year Attendance
Average Highest
2000–01 [L2] 6,861[50] 10,048 (vs. Bristol City F.C.)[50]
2001–02 [L2] 5,771[50] 7,783 (vs. Tranmere Rovers F.C.)[50]
2002–03 [L1] 7,288[50] 12,783 (vs. Oldham Athletic F.C.)[50]
2003–04 [C] 9,526[50] 20,669 (vs. West Ham United F.C.)[50]
2004–05 [C] 21,155[50] 20,745 (vs. Sunderland F.C.)[50]
2005–06 [PL] 20,610[50] 25,023 (vs. Liverpool F.C.)[50]
2006–07 [PL] 18,159[50] 24,726 (vs. West Ham United F.C.)[50]
2007–08 [PL] 19,046[50] 25,133 (vs. Manchester United F.C.)[50]
2008–09 [PL] 18,413[50] 22,954 (vs. Arsenal F.C.)[51]
2009–10 [PL] 18,006[50] 22,113 (vs. Arsenal F.C.)[50]
2010–11 [PL] 16,812[50] 22,043 (vs. West Ham United F.C.[50]
2011–12 [PL] 18,633[50] 22,187 (vs. Newcastle United F.C.[50]
PL = Premier League, C = Football League Championship

L1 = Football League First Division, L2 = Football League Second Division

Rising success on the pitch has been met with increased attendances. Promotion into the Premier League meant that in their first season of English top-flight football, Wigan Athletic's average home attendance almost doubled from the season before. Over three times more fans attended matches at the stadium during Wigan's 2007–08 season in the Premier League than had attended in the 2001–02 season when Wigan Athletic were in the Football League Second Division. Wigan Athletic's average home attendance for 2007–08 was the lowest out of all 20 teams in the Premier League, failing to make the top 30 English clubs in terms of attendance.[52] The same season saw the highest ever attendance at the stadium, when 25,133 people witnessed Wigan play Manchester United on the final day of the season.[10]

Wigan Athletic's average attendance was again the lowest in the league for the Premier League 2008–09 season.[53] Premier League attendances fell on average by around 426 per club during the 2008–09 season. Wigan Athletic's home attendance fell by more than this, with their average attendance for the 2008–09 season falling by 633 from the season before.[50] The highest attendance at the stadium for this season was a match between Wigan Athletic and Arsenal F.C., in which 22,954 people were counted. This attendance was 2,357 fans lower than the highest attendance in the season before.[50][51]

[54]

Other events[edit]

The final home Test for Great Britain against New Zealand, played at the stadium in 2007

The stadium's numerous lounges provide a venue for small musical acts to perform, and the stadium plays host to minor bands and tribute acts. They are also available to book for private parties.[55] During match days, bands may provide pre-match entertainment on the pitch.

As well as the fixtures for the two domestic teams, the stadium is a venue for international rugby league. Since the stadium's construction in 1999, it has been an ever-present venue whenever the Rugby League Tri-Nations series has been played in England. Its first involvement came during the 2004 series, where the home Great Britain and Ireland national team defeated the Australians 24–12, with Terry Newton and Andy Farrell both scoring in their home town of Wigan.[29] The venue was again selected for the 2005 series, and again the match was between Great Britain and Australia—this time the home team lost 6–20—with Greater Manchester born Adrian Morley scoring Great Britain's solitary try.[28] Both matches were complete sell-outs, each having attendances above 25,000. The match in 2004 was the third highest attendance of the series, coming behind a match at the City of Manchester Stadium between Great Britain and Australia, and the series final between the same two teams at Elland Road.[56]

In addition to the Tri-Nations, the stadium has also played host to visiting nations during their European tours. Australia played Great Britain in front of a sell-out crowd during the 2001 Kangaroo tour, with the home side losing 8–28.[57] Australia narrowly defeated Great Britain again in 2003 at the stadium, winning by a margin of four points during their 2003 European Tour.[58] New Zealand have also played at the stadium during their tours. In 2002, a try scored in his home town by Martin Gleeson helped Great Britain to defeat the 'Kiwis' 16–10.[59] The visitors lost again during their 2007 tour, this time 28–22 in a closely fought game in which Wigan-born second-rower Sean O'Loughlin featured.[60]

The stadium is yet to host a Rugby League World Cup fixture, even though the event in 2000 was hosted by other English venues including Barrow Raiders' New Craven Park, St Helens RLFC's Knowsley Road and Leeds Rhinos' Headingley Stadium.[61] The stadium has hosted the World Club Challenge twice, in 2000, between St Helens and the Melbourne Storm and in 2011 when Wigan took on St. George Illawarra Dragons.[62]

Surroundings[edit]

The Wigan skyline, featuring the then-JJB Stadium

The stadium's surroundings are mostly urban, as it is located in the north of Wigan's Robin Park retail complex in the western suburb of Newtown, on the south bank of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, west of the Miry Lane industrial estate. The stadium's car parks are situated around the canal, and can hold up to 2,500 cars.[1]

Next to the stadium's South Stand lies the Robin Park Arena,[63] which is operated by Wigan Sports Development Unit and is capable of seating 1,000 spectators.[64] The arena is mainly used for athletics, as well as functions for: North West Counties Football League side Wigan Robin Park,[65] and Wigan Athletic Reserves. The arena was formerly used by the Wigan Warriors' junior academy, before they moved to Edge Hall Road to join the reserve side.[66][67] Robin Park Sports Centre is situated directly opposite the Stadium and Arena.[63]

The main road serving the complex is the A49, running west-bound 750 metres (820 yd) south of the stadium.[68][69] Both of Wigan's railway stations, Wigan Wallgate and Wigan North Western lie 1.3–1.6 kilometres (0.8–1.0 mi) east of the stadium.[70]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A Wigan Warriors played one match in 1999 at the new stadium after moving from their former Central Park ground—an elimination play-off match against the Castleford Tigers.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "DW Stadium Facts & figures". DW Stadium official website. Retrieved 8 August 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "JJB Stadium". worldstadia.com. Retrieved 20 January 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Premier League
  4. ^ Godwin, Hugh (28 August 2001). "Whelan banks on the Wigan touch to transform Orrell". London: The Independent. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  5. ^ http://companycheck.co.Uk/company/07283993
  6. ^ http://www.cockneylatic.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1280:wigan-athletic-reveals-net-profit-and-who-controls-the-dw-stadium&catid=1:latest-news&Itemid=50
  7. ^ "Wigan's JJB Stadium to be renamed". BBC News. 25 March 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c "Wigan chairman Whelan handing stadium ownership to club". tribalfootball. 18 June 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  9. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuropaleague/season=2014/matches/round=2000469/match=2012530/postmatch/report/index.html
  10. ^ a b c McNulty, Phil (11 May 2008). "Wigan 0–2 Man Utd". BBC News. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  11. ^ a b Bartram, Steve (11 May 2008). "Report: Wigan 0 United 2". Manchester United. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  12. ^ "Facts and Figures". The JJB Stadium. Archived from the original on 28 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  13. ^ "Wigan Athletic: Statistics". The Football Genome Project. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "The DW Stadium". Wigan Athletic F.C. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  15. ^ "Step Back in Time: Salford (H)". CherryandWhite. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2009. 
  16. ^ Laybourn, Ian (19 September 1999). "Wigan 10 Castleford 14". Sporting Life. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  17. ^ a b "Match List". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  18. ^ Woodroofe, Peter. "Big Match Preview – Orrell". Moseley Rugby. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  19. ^ Bolton, Paul (19 December 2005). "Orrell squander golden chance to stop the rot". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  20. ^ "Police match cost appeal success". BBC News. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2009. 
  21. ^ "Change of Venue for Wigan Play-Off Game". Wigan Warriors. 7 September 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2009. [dead link]
  22. ^ Irvine, Christopher (9 September 2008). "Wigan Warriors must pitch in at Widnes". London: The Times. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  23. ^ a b "Wigan triumph at home from home". Engage Super League. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2009. 
  24. ^ Burke, David (8 September 2008). "Super League play-off: Wigan Warriors forced to change venue for home draw". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  25. ^ "JJB to Step Down as Shirt Sponsors". Wigan Warriors. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2009. [dead link]
  26. ^ Dewhurst, Tony (10 December 2008). "Wigan still hunting for sponsor". Wigan Today. Retrieved 21 January 2001. 
  27. ^ "engage Super League X 2005 Round 7". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  28. ^ a b "Great Britain vs. Australia". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  29. ^ a b "Great Britain vs. Australia". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  30. ^ "New name announced for stadium". Wigan Today. 25 March 2009. Retrieved 25 March 2009. 
  31. ^ a b Graham, Charles (23 July 2009). "Latics and Warriors honoured at DW Stadium". Wigan Today. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  32. ^ Adams, Duncan. "Football Ground Guide: JJB Stadium". Football Ground Guide. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  33. ^ "JJB Stadium". Away Grounds. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  34. ^ a b c "DW Stadium – Facts & Figures". Wigan Warriors. Archived from the original on 2 May 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  35. ^ a b c Butcher, Spencer (1999), p. 231.
  36. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2000), p. 213.
  37. ^ a b "Tetley's Super League VI 2001". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  38. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2002), p. 227.
  39. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2003), p. 227.
  40. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2004), p. 227.
  41. ^ a b c Butcher, Spencer (2005), p. 227.
  42. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2006), p. 201.
  43. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2007), p. 203.
  44. ^ a b Butcher, Spencer (2008), p. 203.
  45. ^ a b "Super League XIV 2009 – Wigan Warriors". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  46. ^ a b "Super League XV 2010 – Wigan Warriors". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  47. ^ "Wigan Warriors Summary". SLStats. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  48. ^ Smith, Peter. "Leeds Rhinos: Wigan clash is not the Big One!". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 25 July 2009. [dead link]
  49. ^ "Wigan Athletic". Premier League. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Wigan Athletic Attendance History". Cockney Latic. 9 July 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  51. ^ a b Ashenden, Mark (11 April 2009). "Wigan 1–4 Arsenal". BBC News. Retrieved 6 August 2009. 
  52. ^ "Top 30 English Football Clubs by League Attendances". Political Economy of Football. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  53. ^ "English Premier League – Attendance – 2008/2009". ESPN. Retrieved 5 August 2009. 
  54. ^ Walker, Michael. "So what is the point of Wigan? Tiny crowds, a small town surrounded by Manchester City, United and Liverpool. Sportsmail has the answer". Daily Mail (London). 
  55. ^ "Function/Lounge Rooms Facts & Figures". DW Stadium official website. Retrieved 8 August 2009. 
  56. ^ "Tri-Nations 2004". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 5 August 2009. 
  57. ^ "Ashes Series 2001". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  58. ^ "Ashes Series 2003". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  59. ^ "Great Britain vs New Zealand 2002". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  60. ^ "Great Britain vs New Zealand 2007". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  61. ^ "World Cup 2000". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  62. ^ "World Club Challenge 2000". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  63. ^ a b "Upcoming Pre-match Entertainment". Wigan Athletic F.C. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  64. ^ "Robin Park Sports Centre & Arena". Wigan Leisure & Culture Trust. Retrieved 9 August 2009. [dead link]
  65. ^ "Wigan Robin Park". North West Counties League website. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  66. ^ "Robin Park Arena". Wigan Warriors. Archived from the original on 31 July 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 
  67. ^ "High Performance Training Complex". Wigan Warriors. Archived from the original on 31 July 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 
  68. ^ "JJB Stadium map". Premier Live. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  69. ^ "Travel to Wigan Athletic & JJB Stadium". The Offside. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  70. ^ "North West Regional Conference Venue". Chartered Management Institute. Retrieved 9 August 2009. [dead link]

References[edit]

External links[edit]