Dacia 1300

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dacia 1300
Dacia 1300.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Automobile Dacia
Production 1969–2004
Model years 1969–1982
1982–1984
1984–1991
1990–1993
1994–1999
1999–2004
Assembly Mioveni, Romania
Body and chassis
Class Large family car (Dacia 1300)
Small family car (Dacia 1310)
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupé
2-door pick up (Dacia Pick-Up 1302/1304/1305)
4-door pick up (Dacia Pick-Up 1307/1309)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Renault 12
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.3 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,441 mm (96.1 in)
Length 4,340 mm (170.9 in) (1300-saloon)
4,348 mm (171.2 in) (1310-saloon)
4,404 mm (173.4 in) (estate)
4,148 mm (163.3 in) (coupé)
Width 1,636 mm (64.4 in)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in) (1300-saloon)
1,355 mm (53.3 in) (1310-saloon)
1,455 mm (57.3 in) (estate)
1,250 mm (49.2 in) (coupé)
Curb weight 930 kg (2,050 lb) (1300-sedan)
940 kg (2,070 lb) (1310-sedan)
960 kg (2,120 lb) (estate)
880 kg (1,940 lb) (coupé)
Chronology
Predecessor Dacia 1100
Successor Dacia Logan

The Dacia 1300 (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdat͡ʃia]) was (at the time of its launch) a medium-sized family car, built during the Cold War by Romanian auto maker Dacia. The "1300" stands for the engine displacement. The first Dacia 1300 left the assembly line on 23 August 1969. On 21 July 2004 the last Dacia 1310 (sedan version), number 1,959,730, rolled out the gates of the Mioveni production facility, just one month before its 35th anniversary.[1]

History[edit]

Further information: Automobile Dacia: History

Dacia 1300[edit]

Dacia acquired the tooling and basic designs of the Renault 12.[2] Most of the resulting automobiles were sold to consumers in the Communist Eastern bloc; and in export markets such as South America. The car was also known as the Dacia Denem during its short life in the UK. The 1300 was am exact licensed copy of the base model Renault 12. Both the R12 and the Dacia 1300 were launched in 1969. During the first few years of production, the plant assembled CKD kits imported from France. At the time of its launch, the 1300 was a modern car offering good comfort, safety, good performance and reliability, and even more so by eastern standards of the time, set by 60's and 70's Skodas, Ladas, Moskwich, Wartburgs and other eastern block industry creations.

The 1300 was subject to multiple facelifts in an effort to maintain consumers' interest in the model, but the basic design was kept for its entire 35-year lifespan. Although performance and fuel consumption were gradually improved, quality didn't always meet the standard once they had stopped importing CKD kits. Bodypanel corrosion became the model's number one problem. Air conditioning, airbags and anti-lock brakes, were never offered.

Multiple pick-ups derived from the original sedan and estate bodies, but also a less popular 2-door coupe and an even rarer liftback.

Dacia 1310 series[edit]

Dacia 1310 Break
A Dacia 1310 in North Korea

In 1979, Dacia presented the 1310, a revised version of the 1300, at the Bucharest Auto Show.[3][4]

In 1982, its name was changed into "1310" and later also came "1410", "1210" and a few others.[5] New versions of Dacia Pick-Up were introduced starting 1981. In 1983 the whole range was facelifted for the 1984 model year.[6] A coupé version of the car, the 1410 Sport, with two doors and a lowered roof, was also released in 1983.[7][8] In 1985 the drop-side coupé utility (pick up) was introduced and in 1987 the Dacia 1320 liftback.[9] In 1989 the production for the facelifted 1310 sedan, van and estate was over, although the pick up continued until 1990. The 1320 stopped in 1990.

In 1989, a new generation Dacia 1310 was launched in estate and sedan versions. It was a minor modification of the previous generation with new headlights. The liftback named Dacia 1325 Liberta was introduced in 1990.[10] The 1310 van was launched in 1990 and the coupé utility (pickup) versions in 1992. A double cab version of the pickup was introduced, and later also a king cab version. The fully facelifted Dacia 13xx range was introduced in 1993.

Designed in the 1960s, the model was long in the tooth by now and its chassis was no longer able to meet safety standards of the 1980s and 90s. Therefore, Dacia started design for a replacement in the 1980s. However, financial and political setbacks only allowed the replacement to be launched in 1994, by which time it was already outdated, as the Dacia Nova. Later evolving into Dacia SupeRNova and Dacia Solenza. Although faster and displaying better road manners, the Nova never replaced the 1310 range, due to its higher price, smaller interior and other disappointing factors. Nova, SuperNova and Solenza only came in a liftback body. The true replacement only came in 2004 with the Logan.

Although the newer Nova range sold rather well, it was never able to match the demand for the 1310 range, therefore Dacia was forced to facelift the 1310 yet again, in 1999. The Liberta liftback had been dropped in 1996, but production of the sedan and estate was over in 2004. The pick-up versions were dropped in December 2006. The last 1310 model was simply named "Berlina" or "Break", for sedan or estate respectively.

In an effort to keep up with modern standards, the last version was equipped with fuel injection system and a catalytic converter, meeting Euro2 emission standards.

Since 1969 when original model production started, constant change in auto models' shape and size meant that the 1310 was a small-sized sedan by now, even if it had started life as a medium-sized. Oddly enough, for a few months in 2004, Dacia had 3 different small sedan models simultaneously on offer.

The model scored solid sale numbers right up to its last day of production, mainly due to its low price, value for money, easy and cheap maintenance. The sedan ("Berlina") and the estate ("Break") had €4100 and €4250 price tags respectively, for the year 2004. The "Pick-Up" range ended production in 2006. Dacia Logan replaced the 1310 range in 2004.

Engines[edit]

Model Engine Name Capacity Type Power Torque Top speed Combined consumption
1210 103.00 1185 cc 8 valves OHV 48 hp (36 kW; 49 PS) at 5250 rpm 80 N·m (59 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 138 km/h (86 mph) 6.6 L/100 km (43 mpg-imp; 36 mpg-US)
1300/1310 810.99 1289 cc 8 valves OHV 54 hp (40 kW; 55 PS) at 5250 rpm 96 N·m (71 lb·ft) at 3300 rpm 145 km/h (90 mph) 7.5 L/100 km (38 mpg-imp; 31 mpg-US)
1310/1410 102.14 1397 cc 8 valves OHV 58 hp (43 kW; 59 PS) at 5250 rpm 102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 142 km/h (88 mph) 7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US)
1310/1410 102.13 1397 cc 8 valves OHV 62 hp (46 kW; 63 PS) at 5250 rpm 102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 142 km/h (88 mph) 7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US)
1310i 102.41 1397 cc 8 valves OHV 62 hp (46 kW; 63 PS) at 5250 rpm 102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 142 km/h (88 mph) 7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US)
1310/1410 106.00 1557 cc 8 valves OHV 72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) at 5000 rpm 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph) 7.9 L/100 km (36 mpg-imp; 30 mpg-US)
1310i 106.02 1557 cc 8 valves OHV 72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) at 5000 rpm 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph) 7.9 L/100 km (36 mpg-imp; 30 mpg-US)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Maşina nr. 1.959.730". Automobileromanesti.ro. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "History of Dacia 1300". Romaniancars.ro. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "Dacia 1310 specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "Dacia 1210 specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Dacia 1310 Break specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Dumitru, Lazăr. "Modelele Dacia în 1984". Autoturism (11/1983): p. 4. 
  7. ^ "Dacia 1410 Sport". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Dochia, Vasile. "Am condus Dacia 1410 Sport". Autoturism (6/1983): p. 5–6. 
  9. ^ "Dacia 1320". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Dacia 1325 Liberta". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 

References[edit]

  • Mondiru, Corneliu (1990). Autoturisme Dacia. Editura Tehnică Publishing. ISBN 973-31-0218-0

External links[edit]