Dacia Duster

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Dacia Duster
Dacia Duster 1.5 dCi front 20100928.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Dacia
Also called Renault Duster
Nissan Terrano[1]
Production 2010–present
Assembly Mioveni, Romania
São José dos Pinhais, Brazil (Renault Brazil)
Envigado, Colombia (Sofasa)
Moscow, Russia (Avtoframos)
Chennai, India (Renault India)
Pulogadung, Indonesia (IndoMobil Group)[2][3]
Designer Renault Design Central Europe
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 5-door wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Dacia B0 platform
Related Dacia Logan
Dacia Sandero
Nissan Juke
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 turbo (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol/LPG)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,673 mm (105.2 in)
Length 4,315 mm (169.9 in)
Width 1,822 mm (71.7 in)
Height 1,630–1,690 mm (64.2–66.5 in)
Curb weight 1,160–1,294 kg (2,557–2,853 lb)

The Dacia Duster is a compact sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2010. It is also marketed as the Renault Duster in certain markets, such as India, Iran, Russia, Mexico, South Africa and in South America.[4] It was officially launched at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show and is the third model based on the Logan platform, after the Sandero.

In 2013, 30% of the Duster units sold worldwide were badged Dacia and 70% were sold under the Renault marque.[citation needed] The Dacia Duster is the third best selling SUV in the world.[citation needed]

Design[edit]

The Duster was initially introduced in the ice racing version prepared for the Andros Trophy, presented for the first time on 17 November 2009.[5] The production version was revealed to the media on 8 December 2009,[6] and was subsequently launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010.[7]

Based on the B0 platform, the Duster measures 4.31 metres (169.7 in) in length, 1.82 metres (71.7 in) in width and has 210 mm (8.3 in) of ground clearance. Its luggage space has a volume of up to 475 litres (16.8 cu ft), while with the rear benchseat folded and tipped forward, its carrying ability can exceed 1,600 litres (57 cu ft).

The Duster is offered with two-wheel or four-wheel-drive. The 4x4 variants make use of Nissan's all-wheel drive system,[8] which allows the driver to choose from three different driving modes: Auto, in which the rear-wheel drive is engaged automatically in case the front wheels lose grip, Lock, whereby 50 per cent of torque is consistently fed through the rear axle, and 2WD where the transmission is locked into front-wheel drive for maximum fuel efficiency.

Facelift[edit]

In September 2013, the facelifted Dacia Duster was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The exterior received important changes in the front with a new chromed grille and redesigned headlights, restyled roof bars, new 16-inch wheels and modest modifications in the rear. The interior was also renewed, with design and features similar to those introduced the previous year on the new models in the Dacia line-up.[9][10] A new TCe 125 1.2 liter direct-injection turbo engine was introduced.[11]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Dacia Duster (2011)[12]
Test Points %
Overall: 3 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 27 74%
Child occupant: 38 78%
Pedestrian: 10 28%
Safety assist: 2 29%

The Dacia Duster features Bosch 8.1 ABS, as well as electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) and emergency brake assist (EBA). It also features electronic stability control (ESC) as an option on certain versions, as well as understeer control (CSV) and traction control (ASR). This option also allows torque to be transferred away from a spinning wheel in 4x4 mode to improve traction when diagonal wheel spin occurs.[13]

On the passive safety front, the Dacia Duster comes as standard with two front airbags (depending on market) and three-point seat belts with load limiters for the front seats. Depending on version, two lateral head/thorax airbags are fitted in addition to the driver and passenger front airbags to provide additional protection in the case of side impact. The pyrotechnic pretensioners for the front seats (depending on version) complete Dacia Duster's retention system.[14]

In 2011, the Duster was tested by the Euro NCAP, receiving a three-star rating. It was awarded 27 points (74%) for the adult occupant protection, 38 points (78%) for the child occupant protection, 10 points (28%) for the pedestrian protection and two points (29%) for the safety assist features. In the latter category, the rating was influenced by the lack of the speed limiter and the fact that the electronic stability control is available only as an option.[12]

Engines[edit]

Name Code Capacity Configuration Power Torque Top speed Acceleration 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Fuel economy (combined) CO2 emissions Notes
1.2 TCe 125 H5Ft 1,197 cc I4 DOHC Turbo 92 kW (125 PS) at 5250 rpm 205 N·m (151 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm 175 km/h (109 mph) 10.4 s 6.3 l/100 km (45 mpg-imp; 37 mpg-US) 145 g/km Introduced on 2014 facelift version
1.6 16V 105 K4M 690 1,598 cc I4 DOHC 77 kW (105 PS) at 5750 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 164 km/h (102 mph) 11.5 s 7.5 l/100 km (38 mpg-imp; 31 mpg-US) 177 g/km Only available on 4X2 version
1.6 16V Ethanol K4M Hi-Flex 1,598 cc I4 DOHC 84 kW (114 PS) at 5750 rpm 152 N·m (112 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 165 km/h (103 mph) 11.9 s 7.1 l/100 km (40 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US) 165 g/km Only available on 4X2 version
1.6 16V LPG K4M Bi-fuel 1,598 cc I4 DOHC 75 kW (102 PS) at 5750 rpm 144 N·m (106 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 162 km/h (101 mph) 12.8 s 9.1 l/100 km (31 mpg-imp; 26 mpg-US) 146 g/km Only available on 4X2 version. Landi Renzo LPG equipement. On Euro 5 version, regular valve timing adjustments are not required.
1.6 16V 105 K4M 606 1,598 cc I4 DOHC 77 kW (105 PS) at 5750 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph) 12.8 s 8 l/100 km (35 mpg-imp; 29 mpg-US) 185 g/km Only available on 4X4 version
2.0 16V F4R 1,998 cc I4 DOHC 99 kW (135 PS) at 5500 rpm 195 N·m (144 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 177 km/h (110 mph) 10.4 s 7.8 l/100 km (36 mpg-imp; 30 mpg-US) - -
2.0 16V Ethanol F4R Hi-Flex 1,998 cc I4 DOHC 104 kW (141 PS) at 5500 rpm 205 N·m (151 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 180 km/h (110 mph) 9.9 s - - -
1.5 dCi 85 K9K 796 1,461 cc I4 SOHC Turbo Diesel 63 kW (86 PS) at 4000 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1900 rpm 156 km/h (97 mph) 13.9 s 5.1 l/100 km (55 mpg-imp; 46 mpg-US) 135 g/km Only available on 4X2 version
1.5 dCi 110 K9K 896 1,461 cc I4 SOHC Turbo Diesel 79 kW (107 PS) at 4000 rpm 240 N·m (177 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm 171 km/h (106 mph) 11.8 s 5.3 l/100 km (53 mpg-imp; 44 mpg-US) 139 g/km Only available on 4X2 version
Has DPF
1.5 dCi 110 K9K 898 1,461 cc I4 SOHC Turbo Diesel 81 kW (110 PS) at 4000 rpm 240 N·m (177 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm 168 km/h (104 mph) 12.5 s 5.6 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 42 mpg-US) 145 g/km Only available on 4X4 version
Has DPF

Marketing and production[edit]

Rear view

Dacia Duster is offered in Europe (except the British Islands), Turkey, Algeria, Morocco from March 2010, with prices starting from €11,900 (or €10,500 in Romanian domestic market) for the two-wheel drive version, and from €13,900 (or €11,500 in Romanian domestic market) for the 4x4 version.[13][15] From June 2010, the Duster is also available in Ukraine, Jordan, Syria, Egypt and Lebanon and in some African countries badged as a Renault, while in 2011, it is sold in the Persian Gulf States.[16]

Renault Duster (Russia)
2013 Dacia Duster
Renault Duster (UAE)

In June 2011, Renault revealed the Duster in South America at the Buenos Aires Motor Show.[17] It will be produced at its Curitiba plant in Brazil for distribution in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile, and at the Sofasa plant in Colombia, to be sold in Mexico and Ecuador with marketing planned to start in the last quarter of 2011.[18] At a later date, the Duster will go on to be manufactured at the Avtoframos plant in Moscow, Russia with about 80,000 annual quantities, being available since 1 March 2012 with prices starting from about $14,400.[19]

It has also been confirmed that the Duster will be released in the UK in 2012, relaunching the Dacia brand there.[20]

The Duster has been launched in India, on 4 July 2012 under the brand Renault with prices starting from about Rs719,000. It has been launched with one Petrol and two Diesel options.[21] All the British and Irish right-hand drive Dacia Dusters are made in the Indian factory of Chennay.

Since 2011, the flexi-fuel (ethanol) version is available in several Western European countries, while the Bi-Fuel (LPG) version is offered in Eastern Europe, Italy, Germany, Spain and the Netherlands. As of January 2013, the Bi-Fuel version is also available in France. The Bi-Fuel (LPG) version has proved to be very popular in Poland. As of 2014, the British Islands, Belgium and Luxembourg are the only Western European countries where the LPG version is not offered.

Russia[edit]

The Duster was introduced in Russia in 2012, as Renault Duster. Its off-road capabilities for the relatively modest price have made Duster very popular. Initial strong demand has caused preorder waiting times of up to 18 months. In the first half of 2013, Renault Duster sold 40710 units, making it the 4th best-selling car model in Russia overall.[22]

India[edit]

Renault launched the Duster on 4 July 2012 in India, with various modifications for the Indian market. The suspension and the underside of the car were strengthened to increase the car's offroading suitability. The Duster is currently available in ten different variants, out of which eight are diesel and two are petrol. This version has some additional safety features as standard, including door warning lights, central locking and engine protective underguard. It also comes with safety features like Anti-lock Brake System, Emergency Brake Assist, Electronic Brake-force Distribution, stability control module, two front air-bags and three-point seatbelt tensioners features.

Renault Duster AWD[edit]

Renault India launched the All Wheel Drive (AWD) version of Duster at INR 11.89 lakh. Powering the new Duster AWD is the 1.5-litre diesel engine – which produces 110bhp, and 248Nm of peak torque – coupled to a six-speed manual transmission. Renault claims a fuel efficiency of 19.72kmpl from this new entrant in the line-up. The all-wheel drive feature of the SUV, can be controlled via a toggle switch, that has three options to choose from – two-wheel drive, automatic, and four-wheel drive which can be manually locked.[23]

South Africa[edit]

Renault introduced the Duster in South Africa in October 2013.[24] It is imported from India, where it is also produced under the Dacia brand for other left-hand traffic markets, namely the United Kingdom, Ireland, Cyrpus and Malta.[25]

Colombia[edit]

It was introduced in 2012 as the Renault Duster, and has been the best selling SUV in the country since then. It is assembled in the plant of SOFASA in Envigado, in four versions:

  • 1.6 Expression: It equips driver's airbag and front electric windows. It is powered by a 1.6 16 valve, 110 PS engine. Also equips a 5-speed manual gearbox.
  • 2.0 Dynamique: It equips two frontal airbags, rear electric windows, ABS, foglights, leather wheel, electric mirrors and a 6-speed manual gearbox. Also includes GPS system and leather seats as optional.
  • 2.0 AT: It has the same equipment as the Dynamique version. Equipes a 4-speed automatic gearbox.
  • 2.0 Dynamique 4X4: It is equipped the same as the Dynamique version, but includes 4WD system and black background headlights.

The Duster is exported from Colombia mostly to countries as Mexico and Ecuador. All versions are powered by a 16 valve, petrol engine. Also, since May 2014 it includes Media Nav system with GPS in Dynamique versions as optional.

Reception[edit]

British motoring journalist Jonny Smith took the Duster on a road test in Morocco for the Fifth Gear TV programme, describing it as "brilliant"; "I really like this". He particularly praised its handling on poorly maintained mountain roads.[26][27] Another drive test in Morocco was performed by James May for the Top Gear magazine.[28]

The Dacia Duster was awarded the "Autobest 2011" prize by the members of the Autobest jury, coming from fifteen countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Macedonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine and Malta). Ten members of the jury have designated the Duster as the winner, after scoring in 13 criteria such as fuel consumption, versatility, roominess or design. It outran the Renault Fluence, placed third.

The Dacia Duster was nominated among the finalists of the "2011 European Car of the Year" award.[29][30] It received praise for being "a real bargain",[31] "a competent off-roader",[32] as well as "attractive" and "practical".[33]

The Dacia Duster was named the "Scottish Car of the Year 2012" at a ceremony held in Glasgow on 14 October 2012.[34][35] It was also named "The Bargain of the Year 2012" by the Top Gear magazine.[36][37]

In India, the Renault Duster received the "2013 Indian Car of the Year" award from a jury comprising leading automotive magazines of the country.[38]

Motorsport[edit]

The Duster race car during the Andorra round of the Andros Trophy

A competition version of the Duster, fitted with a 350 hp (261 kW) V6 engine and driven by Alain Prost, took part in the 2009–2010 edition of the French ice racing championship Andros Trophy,[39] finishing on the second place at the end of the season.[40]

In 2010, the Duster participated in the Rallye Aicha des Gazelles, being first in the crossover class. The two Dacia teams successfully finished the Rallye on board the Duster: Dounia and Isabelle (Team 315 - Dacia) were first in the general ranking, while Nathalie and Dorothée (Team 316 - Dacia) finished in 5th place (out of 8 teams competing in the class).[41]

In 2011, Dacia announced that they would be racing the Duster in the "Unlimited Class" of the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The Dacia Duster 'No Limit' was powered by an 850 bhp version of the VR38DETT engine, used in the Nissan GT-R, mated to a six-speed sequential transmission. The car was tuned by Tork Engineering, Sodemo and Renault Sport and was driven by three-time Trophée Andros winner Jean-Phillipe Dayraut.[42]

In 2013, two Renault Duster prototypes took part in the Dakar Rally, which took place in Peru, Argentina and Chile. They were powered by 3.5-litre V6 engines, developing over 300 hp (224 kW), and were driven by Emiliano Spataro and José García, with Benjamin Lozada and Javier Mauricio as co-drivers.[43]

Concept cars[edit]

The Duster concept car at the Geneva Motor Show

Renault Design Central Europe presented, at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show, a concept car named Dacia Duster.[44] This concept vehicle was a multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) with rear-hinged-doors,[45] that addressed the needs of families, with a roomy cabin in a compact package and a large 470 l (124 US gal; 103 imp gal) trunk.[46] The engine emission level was 139 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer and it had a fuel consumption of 5.3 l/100 km (44 mpg-US; 53 mpg-imp).[46] The Dacia Duster was the first concept car developed by Dacia,[47] in collaboration with the Renault Design Technocentre.[44] The Duster normally has four seats but can be converted into a two seat car, the passenger seat slides under the driver's seat and the right back seat slides under the left back seat freeing an extra room of 2,000 l (71 cu ft) ideal for a bicycle.[48]

The Duster concept car had a 1.5-litre inline-four diesel engine, equipped with Bosch Mono-Jetronic fuel injection producing 106 PS (78 kW; 105 hp) at 5400 rpm and 240 newton metres (180 ft·lbf) at 2000 rpm of torque.[44] It was a front-engine, two-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive vehicle, based on the Nissan B platform.[44] It could accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 9.6 seconds.[46] If the model had been produced, its initial price would have been around 15,000 euro (US$ 18,750).[45]

At the 2012 São Paulo Motor Show, Renault presented the DCross Concept, based on the production version of the Renault Duster.[49] It was designed by Renault Design América Latina and was meant to "underline the robustness and all-terrains capability of the Duster".[50] It featured a bright green and matte black paint scheme, a raised ride height, roof racks and a spare tire atop, but no other details were given.[49]

Romania has demonstrated a combat version of the Duster, complete with armoring, a winch, and roof-mounted machine gun.[51]

In October 2014, a double cab pick-up show car called Duster Oroch was presented by Renault at the São Paulo Motor Show. The concept car takes design clues from the DCross Concept, revealed at the previous edition of the event.[52]

Former use of the name[edit]

Dacia Duster was also the name used to sell the ARO 10 on some markets, such as the United Kingdom, during the 1980s and early 1990s.[53] It was offered in soft-top roadster and 2-door estate variants.[54]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]