Dade City, Florida

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Dade City, Florida
City
City of Dade City
The Pasco County Courthouse in June 2009
The Pasco County Courthouse in June 2009
Nickname(s): "Tree City, U.S.A."
Motto: "Proud Heritage, Promising Future"
Location in Pasco County and the state of Florida
Location in Pasco County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°21′41″N 82°11′36″W / 28.36139°N 82.19333°W / 28.36139; -82.19333Coordinates: 28°21′41″N 82°11′36″W / 28.36139°N 82.19333°W / 28.36139; -82.19333
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Pasco
Government
 • Mayor Camille Hernandez
 • Commissioner Scott Black
 • Commissioner William Dennis
 • Commissioner Eunice M. Penix
 • Commissioner James Shive
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Land 3.3 sq mi (8.5 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 118 ft (36 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,437
 • Density 1,921.5/sq mi (757.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 33523, 33525, 33526
Area code(s) 352
FIPS code 12-16125[1]
GNIS feature ID 0281254[2]
Website www.dadecityfl.com
Location within county from http://www.census.gov
Historic railroad station

Dade City is a city in Pasco County, Florida. It is popular with tourists for its antique stores, restaurants and historic architecture including the Pasco County Courthouse, Hugh Embry Library, and Edwinola. The annual Kumquat Festival is hosted downtown and the surrounding area is a large producer of the tart kumquat, a citrus fruit eaten whole.

The population was 6,437 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pasco County.[3] Dade City is a suburb of the Tampa Bay Area.

Geography[edit]

Dade City is located at 28°21′42″N 82°11′36″W / 28.361774°N 82.193319°W / 28.361774; -82.193319.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2)—3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (2.96%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 6,188 people, 2,399 households, and 1,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,885.3 person per square mile (728.4/km²). There were 2,818 housing units at an average density of 858.6 houses per square mile (331.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.90% White, 24.16% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.10% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.76% of the population.

There were 2,399 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,115, and the median income for a family was $31,148. Males had a median income of $25,404 versus $21,984 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,675. About 12.0% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

The Druid Hills area of Dade City is served by a low power AM radio station operating under Part 15 of FCC Rules. The station features Old Time Radio shows and news of interest to Dade City. It can be heard on 1610 kHz.

History[edit]

An earlier community known as Fort Dade existed nearby in the 1870s and 1880s, but with the arrival of the railroad, the businesses chose to relocate a few miles to the east to be near the railroad. The newer town became known as Dade City. The name became official when the name of the Hatton post office was changed to Dade City on December 18, 1884.

Dade City was first incorporated in 1884 or 1885. That incorporation seems to have been forgotten subsequently, and the city was incorporated again in 1889. When Pasco County was formed from the southern section of Hernando County in 1887, Dade City became the county seat of the new county, first temporarily and later permanently, by a popular vote.

The Pioneer Florida, which opened on Labor Day, 1975, showcases the life of pioneers in Central Florida.[5] Its artifacts and exhibits include a 1913 locomotive, a Methodist church, a house built before the American Civil War, an old school, and an old train depot from Trilby, Florida.[6]

The Hugh Embry Library, currently located on 4th Street, was started in 1904 when its namesake, then 25, was recovering from an illness. Embry had a strong desire to read, but at that time there was no public library in Dade City. He filled this need by soliciting donations from local households, leading to the development of a small library in the Embry home (now the site of the U.S. Post Office on Church St.).[7] His efforts helped generate enthusiasm in the community for a larger library, culminating in the development of the Pasco County Library Association in 1905. After Embry's death at the age of 28 due to tuberculosis, the library initially faltered, but was kept alive due to the efforts of active community members and civic organizations such as the Dade City Woman's Club. The library was relocated several times over the next five decades, finally ending up at the current location in 1963. The library underwent a complete renovation in the late 1980s, with the current 7,200-square-foot (670 m2) building opening in 1991.

The Crescent Theatre was Dade City's principal theater from its opening in 1926 until it closed in 1950.[6][8] It was located on the northeast corner of South 5th Street and Florida Avenue. The Pasco Theater, on South 7th Street, operated from 1948 until 1999.[9] Both theatres have been demolished.

Lawrence Puckett (1906-1985), mayor of Dade City from 1981-1983 and a member of the Dade City Commission from 1976 until his death in 1985, had his recollections published by the Pasco County Centennial Committee. They go back to when he first came to Dade City in 1925. Puckett describes Dade City before and after the Florida land boom as “a typical southern agriculture area, where the few well-to-do controlled the economy and the poor white folks and Negroes did the work for very small pay. In other words, folks here were either quite well-to-do or very damn poor”. Puckett’s recollections also reconstruct Dade City as it existed in during the Florida boom, with its various shops, streets, and buildings, most of which had changed significantly by the time he was writing.[10]

The Florida land boom meant that people were streaming into Florida, usually sticking to the Eastern Coast, but the economic effect was to drive up property prices all across the state. For Dade City, Puckett estimated that the top money making ventures were either real estate, business related to real estate, or the production of moonshine. The movement of people and money into Dade City had a profound effect on its culture:

“Country clubs and golf courses were being constructed with country folks playing golf and dancing the Charleston. Wood lands and grazing lands were developed into subdivisions with side walk &: streets built 9 miles in the woods, which in most cases was about all that happened.”[10]

During World War II, a prisoner-of-war camp was situated in Dade City. The prisoners were German soldiers who were in Rommel's Afrika Korps and were captured in North Africa. They made limestone bricks, built warehouses, and made boxes. The POW camp operated from approximately 1942 to the spring of 1946. The site is now the Pyracantha Park Civic Center.[6]


Downtown[edit]

Dade City's downtown is known for its antique shops[11][12] and restaurants. It is also the location for the Hugh Embry branch library which is a member of the Pasco County Library Cooperative.


Local Bus Service[edit]

Pasco County Public Transportation provides local bus service on routes #30 & #31 in Dade City.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Pioneer Florida Museum
  6. ^ a b c Horgan, James J., Alice F. Hall, and Edward J. Herrmann, The Historic Places of Pasco County, Pasco County Historical Preservation Committee, Pasco County, Florida
  7. ^ Friends of the Hugh Embry Library
  8. ^ Crescent Theatre
  9. ^ Pasco Theater
  10. ^ a b Puckett, Lawrence (1987). Recollections of Lawrence Puckett (1906-1985). Dade City, Fla.: Pasco County Centennial Committee. 
  11. ^ Laura Kinsler (2008-10-25). "Dade City Downtown Sees Lots Of Changes". TBO.com. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  12. ^ Geoff Fox (2008-07-19). "Oh, Henry! Take A Trip Into The Past". TBO.com. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  13. ^ http://www.pascocountyfl.net/DocumentCenter/Home/View/1859

External links[edit]