Dadivank

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Dadivank
Դադիվանք
Дадиванк.jpg
The monastery of Dadivank
Dadivank is located in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Dadivank
Magnify-clip.png
Shown within Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Basic information
Location Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Shahumian Region, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Geographic coordinates 40°09′41″N 46°17′17″E / 40.161391°N 46.288013°E / 40.161391; 46.288013Coordinates: 40°09′41″N 46°17′17″E / 40.161391°N 46.288013°E / 40.161391; 46.288013
Affiliation Armenian Apostolic Church
Architectural description
Architect(s) yes
Architectural type Monastery, Church
Architectural style Armenian
Completed 9th–13th centuries
Specifications

Dadivank (Armenian: Դադիվանք) also Khutavank (Armenian: ԽութավանքArm. Monastery on the Hill[1]) is an Armenian monastery in the Shahumian Region of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It was built between the 9th and 13th century.

History and architecture[edit]

The monastery was founded by St. Dadi who was the disciple of Thaddeus the Apostle who spread Christianity in Eastern Armenia during the first century A.C. In June, 2007, the grave of St. Dadi was discovered under the holy altar of the main church.[2]

The monastic complex of Dadivank consists of the Cathedral church of St. Astvadzadzin (with Armenian writings on the wall), the chapel and other ancillary areas. The monastery was first mentioned in the 9th century. The princes of Upper Khachen are buried under the Surp Dadi church's gavit.[3] The bas-relief on the south facade of the cathedral at Dadivank, built in 1214, shows the princess offering the church in memory of her sons.[4] According to Paolo Cuneo, Dadivank and Gandzasar are among these Armenian monasteries, where bust motifs (possiblly the donors of the monasteries) can be found.[5]

On 8 October 2001, Document No 9256 on the maintenance of historical and cultural heritage in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic was signed by 16 members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from Armenia, Cyprus, Italy, Romania, Greece and Russia; according to which, among the most flagrant examples of Azerbaijan's policies in Nagornk-Karabakh was the destruction of Dadivank, which "the local Muslim population regarded as remnants of the Armenian Christian religion and ruined the monastery as it could" (Iskander Haji "Lel-Kala – A near and unavailable fortress, Vishka, No. 10, 16–23 March 2000").[6] In 1994 the monastery was reopened and the reconstruction process continues through the present. The Monastery belongs to the Artsakh Diocese of the Holy Armenian Apostolic Church.

Restoration began in August 2004 and was completed in 2005. The works of restoration were sponsored by Armenian-American businesswoman Edele Hovnanian. The restoration of the Katoghike (the main domed church of the complex) has been completed.

The chapel (built in the 13th century) of Dadivank Complex is a rare specimen of architecture and was restored by Edik Abrahamian (Tehran, Iran).[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Books[edit]

  • (in French) Le Petit Futé Arménie – by Dominique Auzias, Jean-Paul Labourdette – 2009 – 330 pages
  • Armenologie in Deutschland, by Armenuhi Drost-Abgarjan, Hermann Goltz – 2005 – p. 59
  • (in Italian) Documenti di architettura armena, Alexandr L. Jakobson – 1986 – 73 p.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Жеан-Паул Лабурдетьте, Доминикуе Аузиас, Армения, Petit Futé, 2007 – p. 203
  2. ^ В старинном монастыре Нагорного Карабаха обнаружены мощи одного из учеников Иисуса Христа
  3. ^ Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, by John Noble, Michael Kohn, Danielle Systermans, Lonely Planet, 2008 – 364 pages, p. 307
  4. ^ Treasures from the ark: 1700 years of Armenian Christian art, by Vrej Nersessian, British Library, 2001 – 240 pages
  5. ^ Paolo Cuneo, Architettura Armena, Roma, 1988, pp. 450, 761, cited by. ALPAGHIAN: Raccolta di scritti in onore di Adriano Alpago Novello, Italy, 2005 [1]
  6. ^ Parliamentary Assembly Documents 2002 Ordinary Session (First Part) , Volume I, Council of Europe, p. 35
  7. ^ RESTORATION IN DADIVANK

External links[edit]