|— Metropolitan City —|
|Daegu Metropolitan City|
|• Revised Romanization||Daegu-gwangyeoksi|
|South Korea with Daegu highlighted|
|• Mayor||Kim Bum-il (김범일)|
|• Total||884.10 km2 (341.35 sq mi)|
|Population (December 31, 2012)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 ( 7,400/sq mi)|
Daegu (Korean: [tɛɡu]), (대구, 大邱, literally 'large hill') formerly spelled Taegu, and officially known as the Daegu Metropolitan City, is a city in South Korea, the fourth in population size after Seoul, Busan, and Incheon, and fell to 4th place in population size of metropolitan area among South Korea (one-fifth of Seoul's 2012 population, young and mass urban migration is cited as the cause. A 2005 census first found that Incheon's population was larger than Daegu's. Still, the city considers itself among one of the three Major cities of South Korea, because Incheon is attached to the Seoul National Capital Area transferring over 2.5 million residents, therefore Daegu can be said to be No.3, if Seoul is enlarged by this definition. * List of cities in South Korea
The city is the capital and principal city of the surrounding Gyeongsangbuk-do province, it is not a legal part of the province. The two sectors are combining and are frequently referred to as Daegu-Gyeongbuk as a convenience.
Daegu was primarily a textile production hub in South Korea in the 1960s. It experienced a decline at the beginning of the 1970s and the collapse of its industry by 1990 due to China's textile export focus and economic reforms starting 1978.
SAMSUNG previously known as Samsung Sanghoe (삼성상회, 三星商會), is often cited by locals to have been founded in Daegu City circa 1938. Samsung Sanghoe, then a small trading company of 40 employees, dealt in locally produced groceries and produced its own noodles. The company prospered and in 1947 uprooted its headquarters and all major operations from Daegu to Seoul, where history began charting Samsung's meteoric rise to prominence.
To date, there is no significant Multi-National Corporation economic presence with any secondary interests in Daegu. With the [] of small and medium textile industries, Daegu's situation leaves the same impression as that of Detroit, Michigan, USA in creeping poverty and urban decay. Daegu is known for having one of the highest ratios of elderly citizens and the lowest GDP per capita in all of South Korea, $18,887 (the same as Croatia) compared to next-door neigbour in the east Ulsan, $67,506 (on par with Luxembourg) and famous Seoul at $34,215 (approx. United Kingdom). [[List of South Korean Regions by GDP]].
Daegu is located in south-eastern Korea about 80 km distance from the seacoast, near the Geumho River and its mainstream, Nakdong River in Gyeongsang-do. The Daegu basin, where the city lies, is the central plain of the Yeongnam region.
Daegu was known as a "Textile City". Textile production was the centre of the city. With the establishment of the Daegu-Gyeongbuk Free Economic Zone, Daegu is still attempting to foster fashion and high-tech industries since August 13, 2008
Daegu was the host city of the 2011 World Championships in Athletics and the 2003 Summer Universiade. It also hosted four matches in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. It stills prides itself so much and it has kept public promotional material of 2011 World Championships in Athletics up ever since. Usain Bolt, the athletic hero to Daegu, is featured in advertisement selling Samsung cameras in all local Daegu cinemas before the commencement of each Summer Blockbuster movie June 2013.
Daegu is a manufacturing industry city. The GDP per capita 2010 at USD$18,887 per annum is the lowest of South Korea. The primary industries are still textiles, metals and machinery. In the year 2010, Daegu had a regional GDP of $45,387 million with 7.2% real GDP growth rate. The quality of the apples grown around the city is renowned around Korea. Many companies such as Daegu Bank, Korea Delphi, Hwasung corp., and TaeguTec are situated in this city, and Samsung(1938, moved to Seoul 1947) and Kolon prosecuted for intellectual theft (DuPont v. Kolon Industries) were founded here. Many factories are located in the industrial complexes situated in the west and north sides of the city including the Seongseo Industrial Complex, West Daegu Industrial Complex and the Daegu Dyeing Industrial Complex.
Manufacturing component factories for Anycall (Samsung Mobile) and POSCO's factories are located a 2-3 hours drive from the city. Daegu and its neighbouring cities were designated for the Daegu-Gyeongbuk Free Economic Zone by the central government in 2008. Daegu focuses on manufacturing industries.
History says Daegu was a commercial center of the southern part of the Korean Peninsula with Seoul in the center and Pyongyang in the north (currently North Korea), because of its location. Traditional markets like Seomun Market still exist in the city.
Additionally, Daegu was an economic city in Korea, after Seoul, Busan and Incheon. However, due to the collapse of the textile industry which was the entirety of Daegu's economy, the overall economic growth has halted and GDP per capita (2010) fallen to the lowest levels of South Korea.
Subtropical warm climate condition provides the region with high quality apples and yellow melons. The fruit farming business supports Daegu's economy. Due to the high unemployment and a stagnant economy, Daegu’s population began to decrease steadily from 2003, especially among graduates from it's tertiary insitution. The ultra-conservative Daegu government has begun thinking about economic restorations and improving the city’s fashion industry, but has yet to improve any of the IMF key performance indicators for the city.
There are two local governments in the city, the Daegu Metropolitan Government in Jung District and Gyeongbuk Provincial Government in Buk District. The provincial government will be relocated to Andong in its proper province, Gyeongbuk. The mayor and heads of city's eight districts are directly elected by the citizens every four years. The city council has twenty nine members which consist of twenty six from the same number of electoral districts and three proportional representations. They are also directly elected every four years. Most of them are the members of the Saenuri Party, the main conservative political party in South Korea. Daegu is the base of the party and has produced a exactly seven [of the Republic of Korea], including the famed conservative military dictator Park Chung-Hee. As the capital of the Korean conservatives, Daegu City has ultra-conservative political people.
Beginning in the late 1990s, Daegu had made efforts to promote Daegu fashion industry based on its textile and clothing manufacturing industries under the self-proclaimed 'Daegu: Fashion City'. The city opened exhibitions related to the fashion and textile industries including the Daegu Fashion Fair and Preview in Daegu annually or semi-annually, and invites national institutes. It even named itself a Sister City to Milan, Italy to garner support for its Fashion push. A town built for the textile-fashion industries is was under construction in Bongmu-dong, northeastern Daegu, but has remained half-constructed for years due to a lack of tenants and funding for the project. The district, officially named Esiapolis, wants to be the fashion hub of East Asia. Textile complexes, textile-fashion institutions, one more international school, fashion malls as well as residential areas development plans for the district have been put on hold for 5 years (as of mid-2013).
Violent Modern Histories
After the liberation in 1945, Daegu was a hotbed of unrest. In October 1946, the Daegu October Incident took place, one of the most serious incidents of unrest after the foundation of South Korea. where police attempts to control rioters on October 1 caused the death of three student demonstrators and injuries to many others, sparking a mass counter-attack killing 38 policemen. It was also the site of major demonstrations on February 28, 1960, prior to the fraudulent presidential election of that year. Daegu and all of North Gyeongsang saw heavy guerrilla activity in the late 1940s, as thousands of refugees arrived from the fighting in Jeolla. In November 1948, a unit in Daegu joined the mutiny which had begun in Yeosu the previous month. During the Korean War, much heavy fighting occurred nearby along the Nakdong River. Daegu sat inside the Pusan Perimeter, however, and therefore remained in South Korean hands throughout the war. As in many other areas during the Korean War, political killings of dissenters were widespread. A large series of engagements were fought around the city to prevent North Korean troops from crossing the Nakdong, the Battle of Taegu. In the second half of the twentieth century, the city underwent high growth, and the population has increased more than tenfold since the end of the Korean War. The city was heavily politically favored during the long military dictatorship of Park Chung-hee, when it and the surrounding area served as his political base. Conservative political movements and racial stereotype remain powerful in Daegu today. Daegu is a political hotspot for Korea's ruling Saenuri Party. In the 1980s, Daegu separated from Gyeongsangbuk-do and became a separately administered provincial-level Directly Governed City (Jikhalsi), and was redesignated as a Metropolitan City (Gwangyeoksi) in 1995. Today, Daegu is the now 4th most populous metropolitan area in South Korea, and experiencing urban emigration..
Daegu & the International
Advisory to travelers: Do not display affections publicly as a couple, especially if one resembles a Korean while the other a foreigner. In Daegu, this will be met with open hostility and aggression towards both persons by strangers. Law enforcement will not intervene out of cultural biases, or until grievous harm as been accomplished. Please do not attempt in Ultra-Conservative Daegu.
The hotel industry is severely underdeveloped in comparison to more well-known Seoul or Busan. NOVOTEL (2 stars) is the only internationally recognizable brand hotel. The Prince Hotel and Crown Hotel are decades old and have not received the necessary renovations to upkeep its images - they are often used primarily as wedding venues. Suitable accommodations for the international traveller will prove difficult, consult your local guide about your expectations instead of online booking, due to misrepresentations. Neon-coloured Love Motels are ubiquitous and sprawl in the thousands from the centre to the out-skirts of Daegu.
Daegu is largely a homogeneous community that includes few non-Koreans. However, a number of immigrants from Uzbekistan South and PhilippinesSoutheast Asia work cheaply in low-skilled automotive-parts factories on the city's west side, including occasional Mongolian students earning part-time wages. In addition, there is a tiny group of English-speaking Westerners working in privately-operated tuition centers known as Academy and university programs as seen in Kyungpook People Highlights. The American military bases are also home to six thousand Americans. Chinese Nationals form the 96% majority of studying Korean Language at universities because in Daegu because life is safer in comparison to China and future income-earning potential is three times that of a Beijing worker. There are less than 30 graduate and post-graduate students from Asian countries besides China. In Daegu, Korean food overwhelmingly dominates; Chinese, Japanese and Western food taste nothing as good as they would if they were cooked correctly
Non-Korean citizens do not open businesses of any size within the city because city legislation dictates that two or more Koreans are required be partnered to the businesses. The effect is every functioning business is owned and envisioned solely by a South Korean National.
Unlike more famous cities such as Seoul or Busan, there is a single, homogeneous dominant culture in Daegu - Right-wing orthodox South Korean ultra-conservatives.
Foreign nationals form only three classes of long-term residents: In descending numbers: (1) US Army personnel and their families garrisoned within three giant Military Bases located in Daegu (2) Immigrant workers typically from Uzbekistan and Philippines hired to labour cheaply in Seo-Gu factories(all of West Daegu) (3) Foreign English Teachers from the USA or Britain clustering together. The white-skinned is held by local Daegu beliefs in improved teaching quality derived, and also a point of bragging to others - a popular Daegu boast, "My son has a white-skinned English teacher.".
Short-term Residents: (1) Japanese & Chinese National exchange or language students (closest neigbours) who will find the racial climate: emotional & touchy. Japanese: Averages 3 to 4 months before permanent departure. Chinese: 7-9 months before permanent departure, or VISA expiration and deportation. (2) Adventurous Backpackers passing through for two days as they tour the Korean Peninsula
Daegu hosts three American military bases, Camp Henry, which house Daegu American School, Camp George and Camp Walker. Camp Walker houses Daegu American School for high school children, while Camp George hold the school for elementary and middle school (both of which are primarily for children of military personnel). Camp George also houses most of the [Enlisted]ranked soldiers. Camp Henry serves as the primary place of work for all the military personnel. Camp Walker services as the home to Officer ranked soldiers Major and up. Although non-military families can enroll their children at the school, most either home-school their children or send them to a small Christian private school which teaches about 25 children near the central business district of Daegu.
Daegu is divided into 7 districts (Gu) and 1 county (Gun)
- Jung District (중구, 中區) – means the central district.
- Dong District (동구, 東區) – means the east district.
- Seo District (서구, 西區) – means the west district.
- Nam District (남구, 南區) – means the south district.
- Buk District (북구, 北區) – means the north district.
- Suseong District (수성구, 壽城區) - the richest and most raunchy district in Daegu
- Dalseo District (달서구, 達西區)
- Dalseong County (달성군, 達城郡)
Daegu sits in a basin surrounded by low mountains. Palgongsan to the north, Biseulsan to the south, Waryongsan to the west, and a series of smaller hills in the east. The Geumho River flows along the northern and eastern edges of the city, emptying in the Nakdong River west of the city.
The mountains that comprise the basin trap hot and humid air. Similarly, in winter, cold air lies in the basin. The area receives little precipitation except during the rainy season of summer, and is sunny throughout much of the year. Data gathered since 1961 indicates that the mean temperature for January, the coldest month in Daegu, is 0.6 °C (33 °F) and that for August, the warmest month, is 26.4 °C (80 °F). The City's lowest record temperature was −20.2 °C (−4 °F), and the City's highest record temperature was 40.0 °C (104 °F).
|Climate data for Daegu (1981−2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||20.6
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.5||5.2||7.3||7.8||8.6||9.5||14.4||12.8||9.6||5.1||5.0||4.3||94.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||193.5||185.2||202.9||220.4||229.7||183.8||151.3||165.3||161.1||203.2||180.0||189.7||2,266|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration |
In ancient times, there was a proto-country named Jinhan, to which the current Daegu area belonged. Later Daegu was part of the Silla Kingdom which unified the Korean Peninsula. During the Joseon Dynasty period, the city was the capital of Gyeongsang-do which was one of traditional eight provinces of the country. Daegu was an economic motor of Korea during the 1960s–1980s period. The humid subtropical climate of Daegu is ideal for producing high quality apples, thus the nickname, "Apple City".
Prehistory and early history
Archaeological investigations in the Greater Daegu area have revealed a large number of settlements and burials of the prehistoric Mumun Pottery Period (c. 1500-300 B.C.). In fact, some of the earliest evidence of Mumun settlement in Gyeongsangdo have been excavated from Siji-dong and Seobyeon-dong. Dongcheon-dong is one of the substantial Mumun agricultural villages that have been excavated. The Dongcheon-dong site dates to the Middle Mumun (c. 850-550 B.C.) and contains the remains of many prehistoric pit-houses and agricultural fields. Megalithic burials (dolmens) have also been found in large numbers in Daegu. Ancient historical texts indicate that during the Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea period, Daegu was the site of a chiefdom or walled-town polity known in historical records as Dalgubeol. The first mention of Dalgubeol is dated to 261. Nothing is known of the earlier history of Dalgubeol, and little of what came later, except that it was absorbed into the kingdom of Silla no later than the fifth century. The vestiges of the wall at that time can be seen, and relics have been excavated in the current Dalseong Park.
Silla defeated the other two kingdoms of the Three Kingdoms of Korea in the late 7th century, with assistance from Tang China. Shortly thereafter, in 689, Silla's King Sinmun considered moving the capital from Gyeongju to Daegu, but was unable to do so. This initiative is known only through a single line in the Samguk Sagi, but it is presumed that it indicates both an attempt by the Silla king to augment royal authority and the entrenched resistance of the Gyeongju political elites that was the likely cause of the move's failure. The city was given its current name in 757. In the late 1990s archaeologists excavated a large scale fortified Silla site in Dongcheon-dong, Buk-gu. The site at Locality 2 consists of the remains of 39 raised-floor buildings enclosed by a formidable ditch-and-palisade system. The excavators hypothesize that the fortified site was a permanent military encampment or barracks. Archaeologists also uncovered a large Silla village dating to the 6th to 7th centuries AD at Siji-dong.
Later Three Kingdoms and Goryeo
During the Later Three Kingdoms period, 892–936, Daegu was initially aligned with Hubaekje. In 927, northern Daegu was the site of the Battle of Gong Mountain between the forces of Goryeo under Wang Geon and those of Hubaekje under Gyeon Hwon. In this battle, the forces of Goryeo were crushed and Wang Geon himself was saved only by the heroism of his general Shin Sung-gyeom. However, it appears that the conduct of the Hubaekje forces at this time changed local sympathies to favor Wang Geon, who later became the king of Goryeo. Numerous place-names and local legends around Daegu still bear witness to the historic battle of 927. Among these are "Ansim", which literally means "peace of mind", said to be the first place where Wang Geon dared to stop after escaping the battle, and "Banwol", or half-moon, where he is said to have stopped and admired the moon before returning to Goryeo. A statue commemorating the battle now stands in northern Daegu, as does a memorial to Sin Sunggyeom. In the Goryeo period, the first edition of the Tripitaka Koreana was stored in Daegu, at the temple of Buinsa. However, this edition was destroyed when the temple was sacked in 1254, during the Mongol invasions of Korea.
Always an important transportation center, in the Joseon Dynasty Daegu lay on the Great Yeongnam Road which ran between Seoul and Busan. It lay at the junction of this arterial road and the roads to Gyeongju and Jinju. In 1601, Daegu became the administrative capital of the Gyeongsang-do, which is current Daegu, Busan, Ulsan, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and Gyeongsangnam-do. At about that time, the city began to grow into the national major city. The status was continued for nearly three hundred years, then the city has been the capital of Gyeongsangbuk-do since Gyeongsang-do was divided into two provinces, Gyeongsangbuk-do (means the northern Gyeongsang-do) and Gyeongsangnam-do (southern) in 1896. Daegu's first regular markets were established during the late Joseon period. The most famous of these is the Yangnyeongsi herbal medicine market. This became a center of herbal trade in Joseon, and even attracted buyers from neighboring countries. Traders from Japan, who were not permitted to leave the Nakdong River valley, hired messengers to visit the market on their behalf. Seomun Market which stood at the city's west gate at that time, was one of the top three markets in the Joseon period.
Korean Empire and Colonial rule
Korea began to open to the world in the late 19th century. In 1895, Daegu became the site of one of the country's first modern post offices, as part of the reforms enforced after the murder of Empress Myeongseong. Beginning in the late 1890s, many foreign merchants and workers came to Daegu, which further lay on the newly-constructed Gyeongbu Line railroad connecting Seoul and Busan. In 1905, the old fortress wall was surreptitiously destroyed. The rest of the fortress wall is remembered only through the names such as the streets Dongseongno and Bukseongno, "east fortress street" and "north fortress street", which now run where the wall once stood. The Korean independence movements were active in Daegu. These began as early as 1898, when a branch of the Independence Club was established in the city. As the demise of the Korean Empire approached in 1907, local citizens led by Seo Sang-don organized the National Debt Repayment Movement. This movement spread nationwide, although it was unsuccessful in its attempt to repay the country's debt through individual donations. Resistance activities continued after the 1910 annexation, notably during the March 1st movement of 1919. At that time, four major demonstrations took place in Daegu, involving an estimated 23,000 people.
Culture and sightseeing
Generally Daegu is famous within among South Koreans as the nation's most conservative city inheriting and upholding stereotypes consistently back to their ancestors datings back to 1910 . An inland city with no international seaports. It is a metropolitan area in South Korea, aside from that fact, is completely different and opposite to Seoul. Buddhism has been existing; today there are still many temples, and monks in tattered grey and orange robes can be seen asking for alms to alleviate their hunger and need. Confucianism is also a fashionable religion in Daegu, with a medium-sized academy based in the city. New and old style Christian churches can also be seen inside this city.
The most well-known sight of the city is the stone Buddha called Gatbawi on the top of Gwanbong, Palgongsan. It is famous for its stone gat (Korean traditional hat). People from all over the country visit the place, because they believe that the Buddha will grant one's single desire. Administratively, the site itself is located in the neighboring city, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk.
On the outskirts of the city, mountains keep many traditional and renowned temples such as Donghwasa, Pagyesa, and Buinsa ("-sa" means temple). Donghwasa itself dates from the Silla period, and many artifacts of the period are found around the temple in northern Daegu. Some lecture halls or memorial halls such as Dodong-seowon (도동서원, 道東書院) and Nokdong-seowon (녹동서원, 鹿洞書院) are also located in the suburbs. Those places have served as resting places for the citizens mentally and physically. The old villages such as the Otgol village (Gyeongju Choi clan's original residence area) and the Inheung village (Nampyeong Mun's) rarely remain.
In the urban area, the Joseon Dynasty's administrative or educational buildings including Gyeongsang-gamyeong (경상감영, 慶尙監營) and Daegu-hyanggyo (대구향교, 大邱鄕校) remain. The main gateway of the city in that period called Yeongnam-jeilmun (영남제일문, 嶺南第一門, means the first gateway in Yeongnam) is restored in Mangudang Park, east of Daegu.
Western style modern architectures like Gyesan Cathedral and the old building of Jeil Church are preserved in many places of the urban area. Gyesan Cathedral is the third oldest gothic church building in Korea and the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Daegu which is one of three archdioceses in South Korea. Several buildings, in the present Keisung Academy and the KNU middle/high school, are famous too.
Yangnyeongsi (약령시, 藥令市) in Namseongno (often called Yakjeon-golmok) is the oldest market for Korean medicinal herbs in the country with a history of 350 years. Bongsan-dong which has some art galleries and studios is being developed as the artistic center of the city since the 1990s.
Nearby tourist attractions include Haeinsa—a Buddhist temple that houses the Tripitaka Koreana (a woodblock edition of the Tripitaka and one of the world's oldest extant complete collections of the Buddhist scriptures)—. Haeinsa is located in Gayasan National Park of Hapcheon, Gyeongnam. The historic city of Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla is located east of Daegu.
Mountains and parks
Palgongsan, Biseulsan, and Apsan are the representative mountains in Daegu ("-san" means mountain). Apsan, just in the southern part of the city, is the closest mountain from the urban area among them. It has many trails, Buddhist temples, a Korean War museum, and a gondola ride to the peak. Additionally, Waryongsan, Hamjisan, and Yongjibong are located in the city. These serve as neighborhood parks to the citizens.
In the urban area, several small mountains and hills play the same role. Dalseong Park, sits inside a 1500-year-old earth fortress, is a historic place of the city. It contains the city's only zoo and some monuments as well as the wall. Duryu Park or Duryusan is a large forest in the middle of the urban area. It has Daegu Tower, Woobang Land, Kolon Bandstand, Duryu Stadium, and many sports facilities. Daegu Tower, also called Woobang Tower or Duryu Tower, is the tallest contemporary structure (202 m) and the symbol of today Daegu. Its observatory commands good views of the city. Woobang Land is the largest amusement park out of the capital area. Many small gardens in the heart of the city such as the National Debt Repayment Movement Memorial Park (Gukchae Bosang Park) and 2·28 Park, are loved by people. The former park includes Dalgubeol-daejong (달구벌대종, 達句伐大鐘, means the Dalgubeol grand bell), a symbolic bell of the city. The bell is struck every week and year.
Downtown and shopping
Dongseongno (동성로, 東城路) is the downtown of Daegu lying from the Daegu Station to Jungang pachulso (central police station) near the Banwoldang subway station in the center of the city Jung-gu. It has the Jungangno subway station as the nearest station from its heart. Like its name meaning the street in the east fortress, the eastern part of Daegu-eupseong (대구읍성, 大邱邑城, means the Daegu-Principality Fortress) was situated along this street. The fortress, however, had been demolished in the early 20th century. Although Daegu is the nation's third or fourth largest city, the Dongseongno area form the largest and the broadest downtown area in the whole country except the capital city, Seoul. In most cases, famous brands open their branch shop first here out of the Greater Seoul area.
Sub-downtowns in the city have its own commercial powers and colors. The area around the Seongseo Industrial Complex subway station in Dalseo-gu is a concentration of many amusement spots, and young people easily can be seen around Kyungpook National University in Buk-gu. Deuran-gil (means the street inside the field) in Suseong-gu is known for many restaurants.
The city has a number of department stores. Many of these belong to national or multinational chains, but the local Daegu Department Store also operates two branches, while another local chain, Donga Department Store operates four in the city proper. The six department stores among them gather at the downtown. The traditional markets such as Seomun Market and Chilseong Market sell all sorts of goods.
Many traditional ceremonies and festivals in agrarian society disappeared in the process of modernization. A Confucian ritual ceremony called Seokjeondaeje is held at Daegu-hyanggyo every spring and autumn. The Yangnyeongsi herb medical festival and Otgol village festival are the contemporary festivals about traditional culture.
Lately in the city, enthusiasm about performing arts is growing and the local government is trying to meet its demand. Daegu International Opera Festival (DIOF), Daegu International Musical Festival (DIMF), and Daegu International Bodypainting Festival (DIBF) are three of the most famous festivals on each field in Korea, although those have short histories.
Various festivals in various themes like the Colorful Daegu Festival, Dongseongno festival, Palgongsan maple festival, Biseulsan azalea festival, Korea in Motion Daegu, and so on, are held by the city, each ward, or the specific groups, all through the year.
- Daegu National Museum – A notable national museum collecting relics excavated in and around Daegu
- Daegu Bangjja Yugi (Korean Bronzeware) Museum
- Hengso Museum of Keimyung University
- Korea Video Museum
- Kyungpook National University Museum
- Museum for Daegu National University of Education
- Museum of Natural Dye Arts
- Daegu Opera House – The first theater in Korea only for performing opera
- Suseong Artpia
- Keimyung Art Center – One of the largest scale theaters in the city.
- Daegu Culture and Arts Center
On March 27, 2007, the city was selected to host the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. Daegu competed with cities such as Moscow, Russia and Brisbane, Australia to earn the votes of the IAAF Council. The event was the fourth IAAF World Championships in Athletics to be held outside Europe, and the first games in mainland Asia. It was also the third worldwide sports event held in Korea after the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul and 2002 FIFA World Cup in Korea and Japan. Daegu also hosted three matches in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and the 2003 Summer Universiade. The city hosts the Colorful Daegu Pre-Championships Meeting every year since 2005.
Daegu Stadium is the second largest sports complex in South Korea as a seating capacity of 66,422. Daegu simin undongjang hosted some soccer matches at the Seoul Olympics. Now the city is planning a new baseball stadium.
|Samsung Lions BC||Baseball||KBO||Daegu simin undongjang yagujang||1982|
|Daegu FC||Football||K-League||Daegu Stadium||2003|
There are three terrestrial TV broadcasting stations in the city: KBS Daegu Broadcast Station, Daegu MBC, and TBC. These are affiliated companies of central broadcasting stations in Seoul just like other local broadcasting companies in South Korea. TBC (Taegu Broadcasting Corporation) depends on SBS. They cover to Gyeongsangbuk-do out of the city. Each television broadcasting company has its own radio station as well.
As of 2009, Daegu has 215 elementary schools, 123 middle schools including the Dong-Pyeong Middle School, and 91 high schools. There are two specialized public high schools which are Daegu Science High School and Taegu Foreign Language High School, and some other high schools such as Keisung Academy, Gyeongsin High School and Daeryun High School have good grades for university admission. Most of well-known high schools are located in Suseong-gu because its education and zealotry are highest in the country.
Also, Daegu has 4 independent private high schools like Keisung Academy(also called Keisung High School), Gyeongsin High School, Gyeong-il Girl's High School, Daegun Catholic High School.
Universities and colleges
Daegu and its satellite towns are one of the areas which have the most large private higher educational institutions in Korea. Many of their main campuses are located in the nearby Gyeongsan city which serves the Daegu region as a college town. Kyungpook National University (KNU) is a local community college that places 501-550th in worldwide rankings.It attracts students almost exclusively from Daegu and surrounding towns, international students number below 40 per annum. Daegu has two of private universities outside Seoul's three thousand universities, Keimyung University and Yeungnam University. There are some smaller private universities such as Catholic University of Daegu and Daegu University. Daegu National University of Education offers elementary education training.
Other universities and colleges include Daegu Arts University, Daegu Cyber University, Daegu Haany University, Daegu Health College, Daegu Mirae College, Daegu Polytechnic College, Daegu Technical College, Daegu University of Foreign Studies, Daeshin University, Keimyung College University, Kyongbuk Science University, Kyongbuk University of Foreign Studies, Kyungil University, Taekyeung College, Yeungjin College, Yeungnam College of Science and Technology, and Youngnam Theological College and Seminary.
Some large university hospitals make the city the medical hub of south-eastern Korea. The Kyungpook National University Hospital, founded as Daegu-dongin-uiwon in 1907, is the well-known hospital in the city. The Dongsan Hospital (attached to Keimyung University), founded as Jejungwon in 1899, is one of the oldest western style medical clinics in Korea. The Yeungnam University Medical Center has the largest beds in the city. The yearly treatment amount of these tertiary hospitals is the second largest in South Korea after that of Seoul. The Daegu Catholic University Medical Center is also included in them.
Daegu is the hub of the Korean inland railroad traffic. The main railroad of the country, Gyeongbu Line passes through the city. The largest railroad station in the city, Dongdaegu Station has the second largest passenger traffic in Korea after Seoul Station, and the largest train traffic. The station re-opened in 2004 after extensive renovations serving the KTX highspeed train, Saemaul and Mugunghwa trains. All kinds of trains except KTX depart from Daegu Station, an all-new building with cinemas, restaurants and a department store, located near the city centre. It has the tenth largest passenger traffic in Korea. Daegu Line branches off from Gacheon Station of Gyeongbu Line.
The city also has a subway system, consisting of two heavy rail lines. Line 1 crosses the city from northeast to southwest, while Line 2 crosses from west to east. Line 3 from northwest to southeast is under construction as an elevated monorail. All the lines are and will be operated by the Daegu Metropolitan Transit Corporation (DTRO). Another line will operate in a few years as a heavy rail system using the Gumi–Daegu–Gyeongsan section of Gyeongbu Line. Line 4 is a long-range plan and will be a circle line. Fare is 1200 won on distance and 1100 won with a prepaid card. There is a free interchange scheme between the metro and bus within an hour of first use for the prepaid card users.
There are two types of buses which are local and limited express. Limited express buses have more seats, but often passengers are required to stand. As of 2008, Local bus fare costs around 1100 won, Limited express bus fare would set you back around 1500 won. Discounted fare is available with a prepaid card.
Bus route numbers are made up with 3 digits, each number indicates the area that bus serves. For example, number 407 bus runs from zone four, to zone zero, and then to zone seven. Other routes, usually circular, are named for the districts they serve and numbered 1 through 3.
Traffic is sometimes heavy, however, the major thoroughfares handle fairly high volumes of traffic without too much trouble.
Daegu is served by Daegu Airport (international/domestic) located in northeastern Daegu.
Daegu subway construction site explosion on April 28, 1995 which killed 101 and injured 202. A pagoda for consolation of the dead was erected in Haksan park.
Daegu subway fire on Feb 18, 2003 which killed 198 and injured 147. The tragedy prompted outpourings of sympathy and anger from throughout South Korea and internationally.
People who started in Daegu
- Roh Tae-woo – army general and 13th President of South Korea
- Park Geun-hye – The incumbent president of South Korea, daughter of Park Chung-hee
- Kim Woo-jung – Korean businessman convicted of embezzlement in 2006. Founder and former chairman of the Daewoo Group
- Kim Sou-hwan – first Korean Cardinal of the Catholic Church. His father escaped from his hometown of Chungcheong province for keeping his religion.
- Hyeon Jin-geon – novelist
- Yi Sang-hwa – poet
- Hyeon Je-myeong – composer
- Jaegwon Kim – philosopher
- Shin Seong-il – Korean actor in the 1960s and 1970s
- Son Ye-jin – actress
- Moon Chae Won – actress
- Song Hye Kyo - actress
- Min Hyo-rin - actress
- Lee Man-Soo – baseball player
- Yang Jun-Hyuk – baseball player
- Lee Seung-Yeop – baseball player
- Park Chu-Young – soccer player
- Jin Sun-Yu – short-track speed skater, triple gold medalist at 2006 Winter Olympics
- Bae Sang-moon – golfer, leading money winner on the Japan Golf Tour for the 2011 season
- Chang Yun-jong – 1st runner-up of the Miss Universe 1988, winner of the Miss Korea 1987
- Son Tae-young – 1st runner-up of the Miss International 2000, 2nd runner-up of the Miss Korea 2000, actress
- Seo Eun-mi – 1st runner-up of the Miss International 2009, one of two 1st runners-up of the Miss Korea 2009
- Key of Shinee
- Jun. K of 2PM
- Uee of After School (band)
- Kahi (entertainer) of After School (band)
- Mika and Karam of Dae-guk-nam-ah / The Boss
- Shin Jung Ah - female con artist who fabricated Yale diploma which brought an international dispute.
- Catherine Baillie – from New Zealand, honorary ambassador for the city, actress
- Atlanta, United States (1981)
- Almaty, Kazakhstan (1990)
- Qingdao, China (1993)
- Minas Gerais, Brazil (1994)
- Hiroshima, Japan (1997)
- Saint Petersburg, Russia (1997)
- Plovdiv, Bulgaria (2002)
- Taipei, Taiwan (2010)
- Natal, Brazil (2012)
- List of South Korean regions by GDP
- List of cities in South Korea
- List of Korea-related topics
- List of cities in South Korea
- History of Daegu
- Daegu Metropolitan City Web-site
- This romanization of the city's name is in McCune-Reischauer. It was used prior to the official adoption of the Revised Romanization by the South Korean Government in 2000.
- Daegu - The City of Textile Industry
- FISU 22nd SUMMER UNIVERSIADE Retrieved 2011-10-12
- (Korean) http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/11/24/2009112401092.html The Chosun Ilbo (2009-11-25)
- Lee (1984), p. 377.
- Green Left – Features: HISTORICAL FEATURE: The Korean War – a war of counter-revolution
- Lee (1984), p. 384.
- Cumings (1997), pp. 243–244.
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- 기후자료극값 1월 일최저기온, 대구(143)
- 기후자료극값 8월 일최고기온, 대구(143)
- "평년값자료(1981−2010) 대구(143)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011−05−27.
- Guide to Daegu
- YUM (Yeungnam University Museum). Siji-eui Munhwayujeok VIII: Chwirakji Bonmun [Cultural Sites of Siji VIII: Settlement Site Text]. Research Report No. 33. Yeungnam University Museum, Gyeongsan, 1999b.
- YICP (Yongnam Institute of Cultural Properties). Daegu Dongcheon-dong Chwirak Yujeok [The Settlement Site at Dongcheon-dong, Daegu]. 3 vols. Research Report of Antiquities, Vol. 43. YICP, Daegu, 2002. ISBN 978-89-88226-41-4
- Lee (1984), p. 76 and Shin (1999).
- Lee (1984) and Shin (1999) both make this assumption.
- FPCP (Foundation for the Preservation of Cultural Properties). Daegu Chilgok Sam Taekji Munhwayejeok Balguljosa Bogoseo [Excavation Report of the Cultural Site at Localities 2 and 3, Building Area 3, Chilgok, Daegu]. 3 vols. Antiquities Research Report 62. FPCP, Gyeongju, 2000.
- Lee (1984), p. 131.
- Lee (1984), p. 149.
- Lee (1984), p. 294.
- Lee (1984), p. 302.
- Lee (1984), p. 343.
- "대구광역시 관광문화정보시스템 – 계산성당". Daegu Metropolitan City. Retrieved 2009-11-23.[dead link]
- (Korean) http://www.seoul.co.kr/news/newsView.php?id=20090210026021 The Seoul Shinmun (2009-02-10)
- "2009년도 대구통계연보 ⅩⅣ.교육및문화". Daegu Metropolitan City. 2009-04-01.
- "2006~2008년 지역간 의료이용량 분석". National Health Insurance Corporation. 2009-10-21.
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- Cumings, Bruce. Korea's place in the sun: A modern history (updated ed.). New York: W.W.Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-31681-0. LCCN 2006276040. OCLC 62042862.
- Daegu-Gyeongbuk Historical Society (대구-경북역사연구회). 역사 속의 대구, 대구사람들 (Yeoksa sok-ui Daegu, Daegu saramdeul) (Daegu and its people in history). Seoul: Jungsim. ISBN 978-89-89524-09-0. LCCN 2001549622.
- Lee, Ki-baik (1984). A new history of Korea, rev. ed. Tr. by E.W. Wagner and E.J. Shultz. Seoul: Ilchogak. ISBN 978-89-337-0204-8.
- Nahm, Andrew C. (1996). Korea: A history of the Korean people, 2nd ed. Seoul: Hollym. ISBN 978-1-56591-070-6.
- Shin, Hyeong-seok (신형석). (1999). 통일신라의 새로운 수도가 될 뻔했던 대구 (Tongilsilla-ui saeroun sudo-ga doel ppeonhaetteon Daegu) (Daegu, which almost became the new capital of Unified Silla). In Daegu-Gyeongbuk Historical Society, ed., pp. 78–91.*
- Lee, Jungwoong (이정웅) (1993). 팔공산을 아십니까 (About Mt. Palgong). Daegu: 그루. ISBN 200-0-7520-0081-3.
- Lee, Jungwoong (이정웅) (2000). 대구가 자랑스러운 12가지 이유. Seoul: 북랜드. ISBN 978-89-7787-158-8.
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