Dagenham (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Dagenham in Greater London for the 2005 general election.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Dagenham and Rainham|
Dagenham was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament that elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was replaced at the 2010 general election largely by Dagenham and Rainham.
1945-1974: The Municipal Borough of Dagenham.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Barking wards of Chadwell Heath, Eastbrook, Fanshawe, Heath, River, Valence and Village.
1983-2010: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Alibon, Chadwell Heath, Eastbrook, Fanshawe, Heath, Marks Gate, River, Triptons, Valence and Village.
- History of Boundaries
Before 1945 this Dagenham and surrounds area was part of the Romford constituency.
- Political History
The MP for the predecessor seat since 1935, Labour's John Parker, stood again on each occasion in this smaller successor area, representing it until 1983. Parker was the last serving MP to have been elected before the Second World War, and with 48 years in Parliament, remains the longest-serving Labour MP in history.
Dagenham was held by Labour its inception and was without exception rated by election predictions as a safe seat. Dagenham hosts an at times shrinking skilled manual industry such as the Ford Motor Company works, which downscaled production in 2001, leading to replacement distribution and warehousing businesses as well as local regeneration under the Thames Gateway project from 2005 however higher than national unemployment immediately, including following the seat's abolition. See the main successor seat, Dagenham and Rainham for statistics. The largest-polling opposition candidate was Conservative since 1979, with the Liberal Party a greater or equal opponent in elections before that, vying for second place with that party.
Unusually, the far-right British National Party was very active in this area periodically and its support led to some retained deposits by polling more than 5% of the vote on several occasions. Their candidate received nearly 10% of the vote in the 2005 general election and in the 2006 local elections returned 12 councillors to Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council.
The new constituency of Dagenham and Rainham included wards which had not traditionally supported the BNP or Labour, and published leaks of BNP databases that year showed that its membership in the area shown was diminishing.
Members of Parliament
|1994 by-election||Judith Church||Labour|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Dagenham and Rainham|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Dagenham|
|Liberal Democrat||James Kempton||3,106||10.1||-0.1|
|General Election 2001: Dagenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Adrian Gee-Turner||2,820||10.2||+2.7|
|Socialist Alliance||Bill Hamilton||262||0.9||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Robert Siggins||245||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997:Dagenham|
|Liberal Democrat||T Dobrashian||2,704||7.48||-0.91|
|Referendum Party||S Kraft||1,411||3.9||N/A|
|National Democrats||Mike Hipperson||183||0.51||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||K Goble||152||0.4||N/A|
|Dagenham by-election, 1994|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Dunphy||1,804||8.39||-3.06|
|Natural Law||Mark Leighton||116||0.54||N/A|
|1992 General Election:Dagenham|
|Liberal Democrat||CNH Marquand||4,824||11.45|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Dagenham|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||J Carter||7,088||17.07|
|General Election 1983: Dagenham|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||J Horne||10,679||27|
|National Front||Joe Pearce||645||1.62|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Dagenham|
|Labour||Herbert John Harvey Parker||24,707||52.57|
|National Front||J Roberts||1,553||3.3|
|General Election, October 1974: Dagenham|
|Labour||Herbert John Harvey Parker||29,678||65.23|
|Conservative||Archibald Gavin Hamilton||7,684||16.89|
|Communist||George C Wake||569||1.25|
|General Election February 1974: Dagenham|
|Labour||Herbert John Harvey Parker||35,765||72.68|
|Conservative||Archibald Gavin Hamilton||12,275||24.94|
|Communist||George C Wake||1,169||2.38|
|General Election 1970: Dagenham|
|Labour||Herbert John Harvey Parker||31,335||70.74|
|Communist||George C Wake||982||2.22|
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Constituency represented by the Father of the House
Cardiff South and Penarth