Map of Bohol with Dagohoy highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||2nd district of Bohol|
|Established||21 June 1956|
|Barangay||15 (see § Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Sofronio Apat (UNA)|
|• Vice Mayor||Andres Ampoloquio|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||91.01 km2 (35.14 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)38|
|Income class||5th class|
Dagohoy comprises 15 barangays:
- La Esperanza
- San Miguel
- San Vicente
- Santa Cruz
- Villa Aurora
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2012)|
Jose Rizal, on exile in Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte, searched for a place to convert to an agricultural colony. In June 1895, he came to Bohol with Don Andres Peñaflor, a rich merchant from Taloto, Tagbilaran, Bohol. Together they traveled by horse-drawn carriage from Tagbilaran to Dimiao, then to Bilar, Bohol. On horseback they traveled to Candagaz, Sierra Bullones to view the vast plain suitable for an agricultural colony.
In 1914, the Americans segregated the area as a site of an agricultural colony, now the present town of Dagohoy, Bohol.
The agricultural colony
With the Jones Law passed by the U.S. Congress, the Philippines was divided into Senatorial Districts to allocate the 24 Senate seats. The provinces of Bohol, Misamis and Surigao constituted the 11th Senatorial District. At that time, Bohol was the most populated province and Senator Jose A. Clarin became the first senator of the 11th district. In 1920, Senator Clarin authored a law officially creating the Colonia Agricula de Bohol or Bohol Agricultural Colony with Mr. Camilo Calceta appointed as Superintendent and Cashier (Superintendente-Cajero) of the colony.
The agricultural colony or "Colonia", for short, was part of the territory of the town of Carmen, Bohol. However, Colonia had its own administration and appropriation. People from all over the Philippines were invited to settle in Colonia. Each settler was given a homestead. In the early years, the settlers had a difficult life. The area was forested and malaria was prevalent.
In 1927, the Agricultural Colony received a boost in its activities. The Americans, wanting it to become a showcase of American town management, had the whole area surveyed and divided into homesteads of 12 to 24 hectares (30 to 59 acres). Each homestead was provided with a house and the settler was given a complete set of farm implements including a carabao as a farm animal. In addition, health personnel were dispatched to eradicate the dreaded malaria-causing mosquitoes.
Boom and bust
Eventually, many people flocked to Colonia because of its offer of free land, houses, and farm implements. By 1930, Colonia was overflowing with people and agricultural products. It became a very busy marketplace.
Unfortunately, the wanton clearance of the forest to give way to farms caused erosion of the fertile soil. In addition, the worldwide economic depression of the 1930s resulted in the farm products not having any market. Salaries of the government employees were cut in half and many of the settlers migrated to Mindanao to seek for greener pastures.
The once bustling community almost became a ghost town, with some hardy souls persisted on staying. When World War II came, the population was further dispersed. The Japanese searched for the American officials, missionaries, and American supporters in the area.
At the end of World War II, Philippine Independence was granted by the Americans and the existence of the Agricultural Colony became questionable. The colony, a model-town experiment by the Americans, did not have support with the Americans gone. The remaining inhabitants had to continue to eke out a life of existence.
The Municipal District
During the American era there, there were municipal districts which were subdivisions of a municipality with a complete set of officials.
In 1951, President Elpidio Quirino followed the American procedure of giving legality to the abandoned agricultural colony of the Americans. President Quirino converted the "Colonia" as a municipal district. It was named "Victoria" in honor of one of the daughters of President Quirino who was killed by the Japanese during the liberation of Manila.
Name of the municipality
In the 1953 National Election, Ramon Magsaysay was elected President and Carlos P. Garcia of Bohol was elected Vice President. The residents of the municipal district of Victoria lobbied to become an independent municipality. One of the important requirements is the name of the proposed municipality. Vice President Carlos P. Garcia proposed the name "Dagohoy" in honor of the great Boholano hero, Francisco Sendrijas also known as Francisco Dagohoy.
On June 21, 1956, President Magsaysay issued Executive Order No. 184 creating the Municipality of Dagohoy comprising the old agricultural colony. Camilo Calceta, the long time administrator of Colonia, was appointed the first mayor.
The barrios constituting the new municipality were:
|From the municipality of Carmen|
|1. Colonia||3. San Vicente||5. Can-oling|
|2. La Esperanza||4. Villa Aurora|
|From the municipality of Sierra Bullones|
|1. Caluasan||2. San Miguel||3. Candelaria|
|From the municipality of Trinidad|
|1. Mahayag||2. Malitbog||3. Cagawasan|
|4. Sto. Rosario|
|From the municipality of Ubay|
|Population census of Dagohoy|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- "Municipality of Dagohoy". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-09-14.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Tirol, Jes. Establishment of the town of Dagohoy, Bohol www.boholchronicle.com, October 9, 2005. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
- Executive Order No. 184 of 21 June 1956 CREATING THE MUNICIPALITY OF DAGOHOY IN THE PROVINCE OF BOHOL
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007". National Statistics Office. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- Tirol, Lumin "History of Bohol from Pre-Hispanaic Up to 1971". Doctoral Dissertation, University of Santo Tomas, 1975.
- Ragas, E.L. "Handumanan Sa Mga Punoan Lungsodnon sa 1916-1937 sa Kabisay-an ug Mindanao. (Ragas Bros. Publication, Cebu: 1937).
- Apalisok, Simplicio, Bohol With Tears Book 2. (Surigao BB Press: 1992)