Dagzê County

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Dagzê County
County
A view from Ganden Monastery
A view from Ganden Monastery
Location of Dagzê County within Tibet
Location of Dagzê County within Tibet
Coordinates: 29°40′21″N 91°21′10″E / 29.672447°N 91.352817°E / 29.672447; 91.352817Coordinates: 29°40′21″N 91°21′10″E / 29.672447°N 91.352817°E / 29.672447; 91.352817
Country China
Province Tibet
Prefecture Lhasa Prefecture
Area
 • Total 1,373 km2 (530 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 29,152
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Dagzê (Standard Tibetan: སྟག་རྩེ་རྫོང་; Wylie: Stag-rtse rdzong; Chinese: 达孜县; pinyin: Dázī Xiàn) is a county immediately east of the city of Lhasa, Tibet. The Lhasa River runs through the county. As of 2013 the total population was 29,152, mostly ethnic Tibetans engaged in agriculture. The county is home to the Ganden and Yerpa monasteries.

Location[edit]

Sketch map

Dazi means "Tiger peak" in Tibetan. It was founded in 1354. Dazi County was established in 1959.[1] The county lies on both sides of the middle reaches of the Lhasa River. It is 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the east of the city of Lhasa in Chengguan District. Zhanang County is to the south, Maizhokunggar County to the east and Linzhou County to the north.[2]

The total area of the county is 1,373 square kilometres (530 sq mi). It has an average elevation of 4,100 metres (13,500 ft) above sea level, and descends from higher ground in the north and south to 3,730 metres (12,240 ft) in the lowest part of the Lhasa river valley.[1] Dazi is in a semi-arid plateau monsoon climate zone. The average temperature is 7.5 °C (45.5 °F), with about 130 days free of frost. Average rainfall is 450 millimetres (18 in).[2] About 80%–90% of precipitation falls in the summer.[3]

Administration[edit]

The county includes one town and five townships. The government is based in Dazi Deqing town (达孜县德庆镇), which had a population of 7,382 in 2003. Subdivisions are:[3]

People and economy[edit]

As of 2013 the total population was 29,152.[1] Most of the people are ethnic Tibetan but there are some Han people and other ethnic minorities.[3] The main occupation is agriculture, including production of wheat, barley, rapeseed, potatoes and other vegetables. Livestock include yaks, cattle, sheep, chickens and ducks. Pigs are also farmed, mainly indoors. As of 2012 per capita income of farmers and herdsmen was 6,740 yuan.[1] A growing amount of fruit and greenhouse-grown organic vegetables, edible mushrooms and medicinal plants is being marketed under the "Dazi Pure" label.[4] As a sideline people make ethnic handicrafts.[2]

Infrastructure[edit]

In 2010 there were 28 schools in the county, including one junior high school and one kindergarten, with 276 full-time teachers. There is a county hospital and five township hospitals. The Sichuan-Tibet Highway (China National Highway 318) runs through the county.[2]

The Dazi Bridge, built by the Highway Bureau of Xizang Autonomous Region in 1984, crosses the Lhasa River. It is a steel suspension bridge with a main span of 500 metres (1,600 ft) and a deck width of 4.5 metres (15 ft).[5] In November 2014 it was reported that a new suspension bridge over the Lhasa River linking highway S202 to highway G318 was 80% complete, and would be opened to traffic in 2015. The total length including approaches was 1,400 metres (4,600 ft), with the bridge being 727 metres (2,385 ft) long. The roadbed was 12 metres (39 ft) wide. The total investment was 88 million yuan.[6]

Monasteries[edit]

The main monasteries in Dagzê are Ganden Monastery and Yerpa.[3] Gandain monastery was built after 1409 at the initiative of Je Tsongkhapa, founder of the Gelug sect, and is the most important of this sect. It is 57 kilometres (35 mi) from Lhasa on the slopes of Wangbori Mountain at an elevation of 3,800 metres (12,500 ft), on the south bank of the Lhasa River in Dagze County. The mountain is said to have the shape of a reclining elephant. The monastery includes Buddha halls, palace residences, Buddhist colleges and other buildings.[7] Dra Yerpa temple, on a hillside in Dagze County, is known for its meditation cave connected with Songtsän Gampo, the 7th century Tibetan ruler.[8]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]