Dai (Sixteen Kingdoms)

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For the state during the Spring and Autumn Period, see Dai (Spring and Autumn Period).
Dai
Vassal of Jin Dynasty, Later Zhao, Former Yan, Former Qin

310–376
Capital Shengle
Government Monarchy
Prince
 -  310–316 Tuoba Yilu
 -  338–376 Tuoba Shiyijian
History
 -  Established 310
 -  Status upgraded from dukedom to principality 315
 -  Disestablished 376

Dai (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dài) was a state of the Xianbei clan of Tuoba, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. It existed from 310 to 376 AD, with its capital at Shengle (盛樂) (near modern Holingol county (和林格爾) of Hohhot, Inner Mongolia).

The name "Dai" originated when Tuoba Yilu was appointed Duke of Dai (代公) by the Western Jin in 310 AD, as a reward for helping Liu Kun (劉琨), the Governor of Bingzhou (并州), fight against the Xiongnu state of Han Zhao. The fief was later promoted from a duchy to a principality. Dai was conquered in 376 by the Former Qin state, and its descendants later established the Northern Wei Dynasty in the 4th century.

Chieftains of Tuoba Clan 219–377 (as Princes of Dai 315–377)[edit]

Posthumous name Full name Period of Reign Other
神元 Shényuán 拓拔力微 Tuòbá Lìwéi 219–277 Temple Name: 始祖 Shízǔ
章 Zhāng 拓拔悉鹿 Tuòbá Xīlù 277–286
平 Píng 拓拔綽 Tuòbá Chuò 286–293
思 Sī 拓拔弗 Tuòbá Fú 293–294
昭 Zhāo 拓拔祿官 Tuòbá Lùguān 294–307
桓 Huán 拓拔猗㐌 Tuòbá Yītuō 295–305
穆 Mù 拓拔猗盧 Tuòbá Yīlú 295–316
None 拓拔普根 Tuòbá Pǔgēn 316
None 拓拔 Tuòbá[1] 316
平文 Píngwén 拓跋鬱律 Tuòbá Yùlǜ 316–321
惠 Huì 拓拔賀傉 Tuòbá Hèrǔ 321–325
煬 Yáng 拓拔紇那 Tuòbá Hénǎ 325–329 and 335–337
烈 Liè 拓拔翳槐 Tuòbá Yìhuaí 329–335 and 337–338
昭成 Zhaōchéng 拓拔什翼健 Tuòbá Shíyìjiàn 338–377 Era name: 建國 Jiànguó

References[edit]

  1. ^ No known given name survives.

See also[edit]