Dai Khitai (Hazara tribe)

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The Dai Khitai are a tribe of Hazara, found in Afghanistan. The Dai Khitai are often listed among the eight overarching Hazara tribes, though not among the five "original tribes".[1] However, other resources list them as being among the "real" Hazara tribes, "the Dai groups",[2] or as one of the "original"[3] tribes.

Regardless of their position amongst the major groupings, the Dai Khitai are often seen as coming together with the Dai Chopan tribe to form the larger Uruzgani Hazara tribe.[4][5] The name Khitai likely originates from the Khitan Mongols.The Khitans were the Central Asian people, whose Liao dynasty in Southern Mongolia fell to a Manchu invasion by the Jin Empire. Fleeing the Manchus, or Jurchen people, 100 000 nomadic Khitans escaped West, settling in modern Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan founding the Kara-Khitan Khanate.Genghis Khan conquered the Khar Khitan in 1218 and many Khar Khitans and Khitans of the Jin Empire voluntarly joined Mongolian army.The Mongol-Khitan War was the third main war of conquest by the Genghis Khan after his destruction of Western Xia.The Kara Khitan noble Buraq Hajib founded another Khitan state in southern Iranian Kerman province after the conquest of the Kara-Khitan by the Mongols and the Mongolian Ilkhan Öljeitü ended this last Khitan dynasty in 1306.To this day Russian use the term (Китай, Kitay) to refer to China. The Spanish word "Catay" also comes from Khitay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barbara Anne Brower; Barbara Rose Johnston (2007). Disappearing peoples?: indigenous groups and ethnic minorities in South and Central Asia. Left Coast Press. pp. 157–. ISBN 9781598741216. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Franz Schurmann (1962). The Mongols of Afghanistan: an ethnography of the Moghôls and related peoples of Afghanistan. Mouton. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  3. ^ University of New Mexico; Laboratory of Anthropology (Museum of New Mexico). (1951). Journal of anthropological research. University of New Mexico. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (1958). Viking fund publications in anthropology. Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Robert L. Canfield (27 October 2010). Ethnicity, Authority and Power in Central Asia: New Games Great and Small. Taylor & Francis US. pp. 131–. ISBN 9780415780698. Retrieved 29 March 2011.