Đại Việt

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For the political party, see Dai Viet Quoc Dan Dang.
History of Vietnam
(geographical renaming)
Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the south (the Nam tiến, 1069-1757).
2879–2524 BC Xích Quỷ
2524–258 BC Văn Lang
257–207 BC Âu Lạc
207–111 BC Nam Việt
111 BC – 40 AD Giao Chỉ
40–43 Lĩnh Nam
43–299 Giao Chỉ
299–544 Giao Châu
544–602 Vạn Xuân
602–679 Giao Châu/An Nam
679–757 An Nam
757–766 Trấn Nam
766–866 An Nam
866–967 Tĩnh Hải quân
968–1054 Đại Cồ Việt
1054–1400 Đại Việt
1400–1407 Đại Ngu
1407–1427 Giao Chỉ
1428–1804 Đại Việt
1804–1839 Việt Nam
1839–1887 Đại Nam
1887–1945 French Indochina (Tonkin,
Annam, & Cochinchina)
from 1945 Việt Nam
Main template
{{History of Vietnam}}

Đại Việt (大越 [ɗâjˀ vjə̀t], literally "Great Viet") is the name of Vietnam for two periods from 1054 to 1400, and again from 1428 until 1804. Beginning with the rule of Lý Thánh Tông (r. 1054–1072), the third king of the Lý Dynasty until the rule of Gia Long (r. 1802–1820), the first king of the Nguyễn Dynasty, it was the name being used the second longest after the name "Văn Lang".

History[edit]

Main article: History of Vietnam
Hoa Lư - Đại Cồ Việt Imperial Capital

Previously, since the rule of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh (r. 968–979), the country had been referred to officially as "Đại Cồ Việt" (大瞿越); cồ (𡚝) is a synonym of . The term "Việt" is cognate with the Chinese word "Yue", a name applied in ancient times to various non-Chinese groups who lived in what is now southern China and northern Vietnam. In 1010 Lý Thái Tổ, founder of the Lý Dynasty, moved the capital of Đại Cồ Việt to Thăng Long (Hanoi) and built the Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long where the Hanoi Citadel later stood.

In 1054, Lý Thánh Tông - the third Lý king - renamed the country to Đại Việt. In 1149 the Lý dynasty opened Vân Đồn seaport in the modern north-eastern province of Quảng Ninh for foreign trade.[1]

In 1400, the founder of the Hồ dynasty, Hồ Quý Ly, changed the country's name to "Đại Ngu" (大虞). In 1407, Vietnam once fell under Ming dynasty domination, which lasted until 1427, they renamed the area "Giao Chỉ". In 1428, Lê Lợi, the founder of the Lê dynasty, liberated Giao Chỉ and once again restored the kingdom as "Đại Việt".

The name "Đại Việt" came to end when the Nguyễn dynasty took power. The country's name was officially changed yet again, in 1804, this time to "Việt Nam" (越南) by Gia Long.

Party[edit]

The name Đại Việt was also taken by one of the nationalist factions in 1936.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anh Tuấn Hoàng Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese Relations, 1637-1700 2007 "An embryonic independent Vietnamese administration was established and progressively renewed which laid a solid foundation for the development of the Vietnamese Kingdom of Đại Việt (Great Việt) during the Lý (1010−1226), Trần " Page 17 "In 1149, Javanese and Siamese merchants arrived eager to trade with Đại Việt. The Lý Dynasty opened Vân Đồn seaport in the modern north-eastern province of Quảng Ninh for foreign trade. It simultaneously allowed foreign merchants to ...
  2. ^ Nationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier Nguyen Công Công Luan - 2012 "When Nguyễn Hải Thần and his Việt Cách, the Việt Quốc, the Đại Việt, and others arrived in Hà Nội with their small armed forces, the Việt Minh had already established their administrative system; it was not strong, but it had spread to most of ..."

External links[edit]