Daifang Commandery

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Daifang Commandery
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 帶方郡
Korean name
Hangul 대방군
Hanja 帶方郡

Daifang Commandery was one of the remnants of the Four Commanderies of Han China in the former Gojoseon territories.

History[edit]

Gongsun Kang, a warlord in Liaodong, separated the southern half from the Lelang commandery and established the Daifang commandery in 204 to make administration more efficient. He controlled southern natives with Daifang instead of Lelang.

In 236 under the order of Emperor Ming of Cao Wei, Sima Yi conquered the Gongsun family and annexed Liaodong, Lelang and Daifang to Wei. A dispute over the control of southern natives caused their revolt. The armies of Lelang and Daifang eventually stifled it.

The Daifang commandery was inherited by the Jin dynasty. Due to bitter civil wars, Jin became unable to control the Korean peninsula at the beginning of the 4th century. Zhang Tong (張統) broke away from Jin in Lelang and Daifang. After Luoyang, the capital of Jin, was occupied by the Xiongnu in 311, he went for help to Murong Hui, a Xianbei warlord, with his subjects in 314. Goguryeo annexed Lelang and Daifang soon after that.

Area[edit]

The Daifang commandery was located around Hwanghae and capital was put in the Daifang prefecture. However, the controversy over its location is not resolved yet. According to a Chinese official chronicle, the Book of Jin (晉書), it had the following seven prefectures (縣):

  • Daifang Prefecture (帶方)
  • Liekou Prefecture (列口)
  • Nanxin Prefecture (南新)
  • Changcen Prefecture (長岑)
  • Tixi Prefecture (提奚)
  • Hanzi Prefecture (含資)
  • Haiming Prefecture (海冥)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nahm, Andrew C. (1988). Korea: Tradition and Transformation - A History of the Korean People. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym International.