Daihatsu C-series engine

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The Daihatsu C-series engine is a range of compact three-cylinder, internal combustion piston engines, designed by Daihatsu, which is a subsidiary of Toyota. The engines range from 843 to 993 cc and have been manufactured in petrol and diesel-driven series. They have cast iron engine blocks and aluminum cylinder heads, and are of either SOHC or DOHC design, with belt driven heads. The engine first appeared in the all-new Daihatsu Charade in October 1977, in "CB20" form.[1]

Most common is the 1-liter CB, which was also available as the diesel CL. There is an 843 cc version called the CD and the extremely rare 926 cc homologation special called the CE.

CB (993 cc)[edit]

The 993 cc (1.0 L; 60.6 cu in) CB engine appeared in October 1977, for the then-new Daihatsu Charade. It features 120 degree crank throws and a counter-rotating balance shaft.[2] Bore and stroke are 76.0 mm (2.99 in) and 73.0 mm (2.87 in) respectively. It also incorporated mother concern Toyota's lean-burn design to run cleaner.[2]

It was also fitted to the Daihatsu Hijet, sometimes referred to as the "Daihatsu 1000" when equipped with this engine. It was fitted to the S70/75/76 and S85 models. Italy's Innocenti also used this engine for many variants of their Minitre/990/Small range of cars.

Versions

Power Torque Norm Comp. Fuel
system
Cat Fitment Notes
PS kW at rpm Nm lbft at rpm
CB-10[3] 6V
SOHC
55 40 5500 77 57 2800 JIS 8.7 single
carb
1977.10-1980.10 Charade G10
CB-11[4] 55 40 5500 76.5 56 2800 9.1 1980.10-1983.01 Charade G10
CB-12[5] 55 40 5500 76.5 56 2800 9.5 Charade G11 low-powered version
CB-20[3] 50 37 5500 73 54 3000 DIN 8.7 Charade G10 European version,
52 PS from 1981
52 38 5600 75 55 3200 9.0
CB-22[5] 60 44 5600 81 60 3200 JIS 9.5 Charade G11V commercial emissions standards
CB-23 52 38 5600 75 55 3200 DIN 9.5 Charade G100 export
CB-24 52 38 75 55 9.5 1993-96 Charade G202 Australia only
CB-31 60 44 5600 80 59 3200 JIS 9.1 1979.09-1980.10 Charade G10
CB-32[4] 60 44 5600 81 60 3200 1980.10-1983.01 Charade G10
CB-33[5] 60 44 5600 81 60 3200 9.5 Charade G11
CB-34[5] 55 40 5500 76.5 56 2800 Electronic
carb
1983.01-1985.03 Charade G11 "CF" Fuel efficiency version
CB-35[6] 55 40 5500 76.5 56 2800 1985.03-1987.01 Charade G11 "CX" EFC-II fuel efficient
CB-36[7] 50 37 5600 75 55 3200 9.5 single
carb
Charade G100
CB-37[7] 55 40 5600 78 58 3600 Charade G100
CB-41 6V
SOHC
43 32 5200 72.6 54 3200 SAE 8.7/9.0/9.1 single carb 1983-86 Hijet S75/S76, 1986–88 Hijet S86, 1993-97 Hijet S85 horizontally mounted, export
45 33 74 55 2400 DIN
CB-42 47 35 9.5 EFi 1994.06-98 Hijet S86 horizontally mounted, export
CB-50[8] 6V
SOHC
turbo
80 59 5500 118 87 3500 JIS 8.0 single
carb
1983.09-1987.01 Charade G11 DeTomaso
CB-51[9] 73 54 5600 108 80 3600 1987.01-1988.02 Charade G100
CB-60 68 50 5500 106 78 3200 DIN Charade G11 Turbo export version
CB-61 68 50 5500 106 78 3200 Charade G100 Turbo export version
CB-70[7] 12V
DOHC
turbo
105 77 6500 130 96 3500 JIS 7.8 EFi 1987.01-1993 Charade GTti/GTxx Intercooler
CB-80 101 74 6500 130 96 3500 DIN Charade GTti (G100) export version
CB-90 6V
SOHC
54 40 5750 80 59 3000 CEE 9.5 EFi 1987-1993 Charade G100 Europe[10]
53 40 5200 78.5 58 3600 SAE 1989.10-1992 Charade G100 USA, power figures in "hp"

CD (843 cc)[edit]

The 843 cc CD engine was usually fitted in export market Daihatsu Hijets (also known as the "Daihatsu 850").[11] Bore and stroke are 70.0 mm (2.76 in) and 73.0 mm (2.87 in) respectively. Chile (and possibly other markets) also received this engine in the Daihatsu Charade, called the "G20" or "G21" when thus equipped.

CE (926 cc)[edit]

CL (993 cc diesel)[edit]

The turbodiesel CL50 engine

The diesel version of the CB shares that engine's dimensions, for 993 cc (1.0 L; 60.6 cu in). It appeared in 1983, along with the second generation of the Daihatsu Charade.[12] There was also the CL50, a turbocharged version producing 50 PS (37 kW).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 5, '70s Japanese Cars (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 137. ISBN 978-4-544-09175-5. 
  2. ^ a b Yamaguchi, Jack K. (1978), "Successes- Excesses", in Lösch, Annamaria, World Cars 1978 (Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books): 64, ISBN 0-910714-10-X 
  3. ^ a b Braunschweig, Robert; Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, eds. (March 6, 1980). Automobil Revue '80 (in German/French) 75. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag, AG. p. 249. 
  4. ^ a b 別冊CG: 自動車アーカイヴ 80年代の日本 [Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 251. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6. 
  5. ^ a b c d New シャレード [New Charade] (catalog) (in Japanese), Daihatsu Motor Co, January 1983, p. 8, 27870 ① 252.7A 5801KB 
  6. ^ 新シャレード Gasoline Series [New Charade] (catalog) (in Japanese), Daihatsu Motor Co, March 1985, p. 24, 11030 ③ 100A 6003KB 
  7. ^ a b c 80's Car Archives, p. 253
  8. ^ 80's Car Archives, p. 252
  9. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (3 March 1989). Automobil Revue 1988 (in German/French) 83. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 238. ISBN 3-444-00469-9. 
  10. ^ Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1992 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. 1992. p. 160. 
  11. ^ "Daihatsu Car Parts". Japarts Limited. Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
  12. ^ Ruiz, Marco (1986). 'The Complete History of the Japanese Car: 1907 to the Present. Rome: ERVIN srl. p. 123. ISBN 0-517-61777-3.