Daihatsu E-series engine

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The Daihatsu E-series engine is a range of compact three-cylinder, internal combustion piston engines, designed by Daihatsu, which is a subsidiary of Toyota. The petrol-driven series has cast iron engine blocks and aluminum cylinder heads, and are of either SOHC or DOHC design, with belt driven heads.

The E series engine was first presented in the summer of 1985, as the EB, a replacement for the two-cylinder AB engine used in Daihatsu's Kei cars until then.[1] The engine was Daihatsu's second three-cylinder design Originally with two valves per cylinder, four-valve versions later appeared as did turbocharged versions. The engine is quite light, with the original EB-10 weighing in at 60–63 kg (132–139 lb) depending on transmission fitment.[2]

EB-series (550 cc)[edit]

The EB-series is a 547 cc (0.55 L) version built in Daihatsu's Osaka plant in Japan, meant for their domestic market range of Kei cars. Bore is 62 mm and stroke is 60.5 mm, with a firing order of 1—2—3.[2] Outputs range between 32 PS (24 kW) to 64 PS (47 kW), the maximum allowed for a Kei car. Power claims for the very earliest Mira/Cuore models are in gross rather than net, which explains slight differences in power ratings for the first few years. This engine has not been exported to any great extent, with Daihatsu's export models usually receiving the larger ED and C-series engines.

The EB-series was only ever available with an SOHC valvetrain and two valves per cylinder, as Daihatsu were late to adopt multi-valve technology for their kei car range. However, the EB was available with an IHI turbocharger and intercooler, originally carburetted but later with fuel injection. This is still the only Kei engine to have reached the 64 PS threshold with only two valves per cylinder. There is also a rare supercharged version developed for the Hijet Pickup, to provide extra low-down torque and allow for an air conditioning unit to be fitted and used even when heavily loaded.[3] This engine was also used for an economy version of the Italian Innocenti Mini, until replaced by the later 660 cc EF engine.

Applications:

Versions

Power (JIS net) Torque Comp. Fuel
system
Fitment Notes
PS kW at rpm kgm Nm lbft at rpm
N/A EB-10
EB-40
EB-45
32 24 6,000 4.4 43 32 3,500 10.0 carb Mira (EB-10), Cuore (EB-40/45), Leeza (EB-40), Leeza Van (EB-10) 34 PS (gross)
EB-60 30 22 5,500 4.5 44 33 3,500 Hijet, Atrai (86.05-90.03)
EB-?? 31 23 6,400 4.3 42 31 3,000 Innocenti 500 L/LS No cat, outputs in ECE
Turbo EB-20
EB-50
50 37 6,500 7.0 69 51 4,000 8.3 carb, IC Mira TR (EB-20, 1985.08-90.02) Cuore CR (EB-50, 1985.08-90.02),
Leeza TR-ZZ (EB-20, 1989.01-90.07)
52 PS (gross)
IHI RHB51
EB-21 50 37 6,000 7.0 69 51 3,500 Leeza Van (1986.11-90.07)
EB-70[3] 46 34 6,000 6.5 64 47 3,500 8.6 Atrai (1986.05-88.10) IHI RHB51
EB-71 52 38 6,000 7.2 71 52 4,000 Atrai (1988.10-90.03)
EB-25 58 43 6,500 7.4 73 54 4,000 EFI, IC Mira TR-XX EFI (87.10-88.10) IHI RHB31AW
EB-26 64 47 6,500 7.7 76 56 4,000 8.0 Mira TR-XX EFI (88.10-90.02), Leeza TR-ZZ EFI (89.01-90.08)[4] IHI RHB31AW
S/C EB-80[3] 44 32 6,000 6.0 59 43 3,500 carb Hijet Pickup (87.05-90.02)

ED-series (850 cc)[edit]

The ED-series is a 847 cc (0.85 L) version originally intended for the export versions of the Cuore/Mira. This engine has never been available in the domestic Japanese market. Bore is 66.6 mm and stroke is 81 mm. The ED engine was to undergo a long development as production was later taken over by Malaysia's Perodua, who still produce it in its latest, DVVT form. There was also a short-lived special version for the Swiss markets, where several cantons had tax systems which favoured cars of less than 800 cc. This, the ED-10A, had a two millimeter narrower bore (64.6 x 81 mm) for a displacement of 796 cc.[1]

Applications:

Versions

Power Torque Norm Comp. Fuel
system
Cat Fitment Notes
PS kW at rpm Nm lbft at rpm
ED-10 6V
SOHC
44 32 5,500 67 49 3,200 DIN 9.5 carb Cuore/Domino/Handi[1]
40 29 5,600 63 46 3,250 Cuore/Handi[5]
37 27 5,500 63 46 3,200 Perodua Kancil[6]/Daihatsu Ceria[7]
ED-?? 35.5 26 4,800 65 48 2,800 ? Industrial engine for slanted installations Can also be run on CNG[8]
ED-10A[1] 41 30 5,500 62 46 3,200 DIN 9.0 Cuore (87.09-90.05) 796 cc, CH only

EF-series (660 cc)[edit]

The EF-series is a 659 cc (0.66 L) version designed to replace the EB series engine when kei car regulations changed for 1990. It was first seen in the Daihatsu Mira when it was facelifted in March 1990.[9] The bore is 68 mm (expanded from 62) and stroke is 60.5 mm. Having undergone a long development, a myriad versions of this engine have been developed, and fitted to a multitude of Daihatsu products. Production ended in December 2007, by which time the new KF engine had replaced the EF across the board. The EF was nearly as light as its predecessor, with a 2004 EF-SE clocking in at 68 kg (150 lb) - this with the added weight of modern emissions equipment and fuel injection.[10]

Versions

Power (JIS net) Torque Comp. Fuel
system
Fitment Notes
PS kW at rpm kgm Nm lbft at rpm
SOHC
6V
EF-CL 40 29 6,500 5.3 52 38 3,500 9.5 carb Mira L200/210, Mira L500V/510V
31 23 6,400 5.0 49 36 3,200 Perodua Kancil 660 EX[6] Outputs in DIN
EF-CS 40 29 5,700 5.5 54 40 4,500 Hijet/Atrai S82/83
EF-VS 42 31 5.6 55 41 from 91.09
EF-ES 42 31 6,000 5.7 56 41 3,500 10.0 EFI Hijet/Atrai S82/83 from 92.08
44 32 6,100 5.9 58 43 3,600 9.8 Hijet S100/110, Atrai S120/130
EF-KL 42 31 6,800 5.4 53 39 4,400 9.5 Mira L200/210, Mira L500 (until 95.09), Opti L300/310 (until 98.10) from 92.08
EF-NS 42 31 5,700 5.6 55 41 4,500 carb Hijet S100/110, Atrai S120/130 from 94.01
EF-FL 40 29 6,300 5.3 52 38 3,500 Mira L500S/510S (passenger car version of EF-CL)
EF-CK[11] 31 23 4,900 5.1 50 37 3,200 Midget II K100 (96.04-99.08) manual choke
EF-SE 45 33 6,400 5.6 55 41 3,600 9.5 EFI Mira L700/710, Move L900/910, Opti L800/810
48 35 5.7 56 41 4,800 Mira L250/260 (from 2002.12)
48 35 5,900 6.4 63 46 4,000 10.5 Hijet S200/210 (until 2002.01) 43 PS until 02.01
45 33 5.8 57 42 3,600 9.5 Hijet S200/210 (until 2007.12), Hijet Cargo S320/330
33 24 4,900 5.2 51 38 4,000 Midget II K100 from 99.08
SOHC 6V
Turbo
EF-XL[12] 61 45 7,000 8.6 84 62 4,000 8.3 carb Mira L200V (90.03-92.08)
EF-XS[13] 61 45 6,000 8.7 85 63 8.5 Hijet/Atrai S82/83 until 91.08
EF-TS 64 47 8.8 86 64 8.3 EFI Hijet/Atrai S82/83, Atrai S120/130 from 91.08
SOHC 12V EF-HL 50 37 7,500 5.3 52 38 4,500 10.0 carb Mira L200/210 (90.03-95.01), Leeza L111 (90.08-92.01)
EF-EL 55 40 7,000 5.8 57 42 4,000 EFI Mira L200/210 aut. (90.03-94.09), Mira L500/510 (94.08-95.09)
SOHC 12V
turbo
EF-JL 64 47 7,500 9.4 92 68 4,000 8.0 EFI, IC Mira L200/210/220 (90.03-94.09), Mira L500/510 (94.08-95.09), Leeza L111 (91.01-92.01), Leeza Spider L111SK (91.11-93.08)
DOHC 12V EF-GS 44 32 5,900 6.0 59 43 4,400 10.0 carb Hijet S100/110, Atrai S120/130 (96.01-99.01)
EF-VE 58 43 7,600 6.5 64 47 4,000 10.5 EFI Mira, Move, Hijet S100/110, Atrai S120/130, Tanto L350/360 (03.11-07.12)
48 35 5,900 6.4 63 46 Atrai S220/230 (99.01-07.01)
EF-VE2 52 38 6,800 6.3 62 46 11.3 Mira "TV" L700 (98.12-02.12) economy CVT
EF-ZS 46 34 6,100 6.2 61 45 10.0 Hijet S100/110, Atrai S120/130 (96.01-99.01)
EF-VD 60 44 7,600 6.6 65 48 11.0 EFI DI Mira L250 (02.12-06.10)
DOHC 12V
Turbo
EF-RS[14] 64 47 5,900 10.0 98 72 3,500 8.5 EFI Atrai S120/130 (97.01-99.01)
EF-DET 64 47 6,400 10.9 107 79 3,600 Move L900/910 (98.10-02.10), Naked L750/760 (to 03.05), Opti L800/810 (98.11-02.07),
Terios Kid/Lucia J111/131
64 47 10.5 103 76 3,200 Tanto L350/360, Move L150/160 (02.10-06.01), Move Latte L550/560, Naked L750/760 (03.05-04.04)

EJ-series (1 litre)[edit]

The EJ-series appeared in February 1998. An 81.0 mm stroke and a 72.0 mm bore makes for a total displacement of 989 cc (1.0 L). It is a DOHC, 12-valve inline three-cylinder water-cooled engine. After the Perodua MyVi was redesigned in 2011, it is no longer used in any automotive applications except in Indonesia. The entry level class of Daihatsu Xenia uses EJ-VE engine until now. The engine is equipped with VVT-i and produces 63HP at 5600 rpm and 9.2 kgm of torque in 3600 rpm. Production of the EJ-VE engine (for upright placement) is continued for industrial use in other countries.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1987). Automobil Revue 1987 (in German/French) 82. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 240. ISBN 3-444-00458-3. 
  2. ^ a b Baobab Street (バオバブストリート) (1987). エンジョイ・ダイハツ ミラ, クオーレ/リーザ [Enjoy Daihatsu Mira, Cuore/Leeza]. マイカーエンジョイマニュアル [My Car Enjoy Manual] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Sankaido (山海堂). p. 185. ISBN 978-4-381-07561-1. 
  3. ^ a b c Kobori, Kazunori (2007). ダイハツ 日本最古の発動機メーカーの変遷 [Daihatsu: The History of Japan's Oldest Engine Company] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Miki Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-4-89522-505-2. 
  4. ^ Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 250. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6. 
  5. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 168. 
  6. ^ a b Hasrine, Eddie. "Kancil Specifications". Mira/Kancil Turbo Site. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  7. ^ "Press Information: Ceria". Astra Daihatsu Motor. 2001. p. 3. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  8. ^ "ED Series: Specifications". Daihatsu Motor Company. 2004. 
  9. ^ Car Graphic: Car Archives '80s, p. 249
  10. ^ "EF Series Specifications". Daihatsu Motor Company. 2004. Archived from the original on 2009-06-13. 
  11. ^ "カタログ: ダイハツ ミゼットII Dタイプ" [Catalog: Daihatsu Midget II D-type]. Goo-net (in Japanese). Proto Corporation. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  12. ^ Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1992 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. 1992. p. 156. 
  13. ^ "ダイハツ アトレー 660 クルーズ ターボ ハイルーフ (90年~)" [Daihatsu Atrai 660 Cruise Turbo High Roof (1990-)]. car.jp.msn (in Japanese). Microsoft. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  14. ^ "カタログ / ダイハツ アトレー アッパレ ターボ(1997年1月)" [Catalog: Daihatsu Atrai Apple Turbo (January 1997)]. Goo-net (in Japanese). Proto Corporation. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  15. ^ http://daihatsu.astra.co.id/products/specification/xenia