Daily Bruin

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Daily Bruin
Daily Bruin Text Logo.png
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Founded 1919
Headquarters 308 Westwood Plaza
118 Kerckhoff Hall
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Official website www.dailybruin.com

The Daily Bruin is the student newspaper at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Frequency and governance[edit]

When classes are in session, the Bruin is published Monday through Friday during the school year, twice a week during finals week, and once a week on Mondays in the summer quarter. The Bruin's staff also publishes Prime, a quarterly lifestyle magazine.[1] In addition to Prime, there are several blogs, including Timestamp, a breaking news blog, Spectrum, a photojournalism blog, and Spotlight, an Arts and Entertainment blog.

It is overseen by the ASUCLA Communications Board, which sets policies for the newspaper and other campus communications media. The current editor in chief is Jillian Beck.[2]

The Daily Bruin editorial team has 13 editorial departments: news writing, sports writing, arts & entertainment writing, opinion writing, news radio, graphics reporting, blogging, online development, video journalism, copy editing, photojournalism, page design, and cartoon and illustration. [3]

Location[edit]

The Daily Bruin office and newsroom is located in 318 Kerckoff Hall.

History[edit]

Nomenclature[edit]

The Daily Bruin was preceded by the weekly Normal Outlook on the campus of UCLA's predecessor, the Los Angeles State Normal School, from 1910 through 1918 or 1919 (the records are incomplete).[4]:3–6

Upon the establishment in fall 1919 of the Southern Branch of the University of California, as UCLA was first known, the twice-weekly Cub Californian was first issued on Sept. 29, 1919. Its name was changed to the California Grizzly with the issue of March 21, 1924, and on September 13, 1925 it began to publish five days a week.[4]:7,17,19

On October 22, 1926, the newspaper became known as the California Daily Bruin.[5] During World War II it reduced its publication frequency to three times a week under the title California Bruin,[4]:66 reverting to a daily publication at war's end. On April 2, 1948, the name was changed to UCLA Daily Bruin.[4]:91, 92

Control[edit]

The newspaper has generally been under control of the student organization now known as the Associated Students of UCLA, or ASUCLA, although during the summer sessions of the 1920s and 1930s "the newspapers were used as laboratory papers for journalism classes, with financial support coming directly from the University." In the 1950s the Summer Bruin was again taken over by the Administration, and '"controversial social issues" were banned from print during the summers[4]:128–129.

Until 1955 the Associated Students was considered the publisher of the Daily Bruin, sometimes directly under the student council and sometimes with the interposition of a Publications Board. Editors were named by the student council. This system resulted in frequent political struggles between the staff (which nominated candidates for the key editorial positions) and the student council.[4]:50 and following

During the height of the McCarthy era, with the newspaper staff being accused of Communist leanings, the administration in 1955 revised the governance of the paper and instituted a system whereby the student body itself elected the editor (see below).[4]:144–145 "Editors had to run for elective office just like politicians, and the newspaper was closely controlled by the [student] Council," wrote William C. Ackerman, the ASUCLA graduate administrator.[6]

The practice of student election of editors ended in 1963 with the establishment of the ASUCLA Communications Board,[4]:150 a student-led organization that selects the editors of the Bruin as well as the editors for the other seven newsmagazines.[7]

'Hell's Bells'[edit]

In 1926, editor John F. Cohee was expelled from school by Ernest Carroll Moore, the campus administrator and director, for what Moore called "certain indecent statements which affront the good name of the women of the University." These were apparently a tongue-in-cheek "report" that some sorority women had been seen cavorting nude in the Pacific Ocean surf.[4]:25–32

This article was included in a twice-yearly burlesque edition of the Daily Bruin known as "Hell's Bells." (Cohee transferred to the Berkeley campus and was graduated there in 1927. He later went on to become a professional reporter.)[4]:25–32

Three years later Director Moore suspended 14 students for publishing in the January 23, 1929, issue of "Hell's Bells" "the filthiest and most indecent piece of printed matter that any of us has ever seen." Some of those students were later reinstated. That was the last issue of "Hell's Bells."[4]:25–32

1954 protest and student election of editors[edit]

On December 15, 1954, the editor of the Daily Bruin and a group of 250 students demonstrated against administrative action that required the newspaper to adopt a constitution "because it would otherwise be operating 'under sufferance and illegally.'" Dean of Student Milton E. Hahn had sent a memorandum to Chancellor Raymond B. Allen on Dec. 7. 1954, "after a preparation period of almost two years." He wrote:

For twenty years there has been no commonly accepted policy regarding the student publications at U.C.L.A. The Bruin has been the chief problem. It has been a prime target for Marxist groups which, at times, have had almost complete control.[4]:133

"We have gathered here for the mock funeral of The Daily Bruin as a free newspaper," said editor Martin McReynolds. "The Bruin is not actually dead yet, but on the students' action will depend whether it will live or die."[4]:133

The response was sparked by the actions of the UCLA administration in the preceding years. During the summer of 1954, Hahn proceeded in his attempt to bring about a more "responsible" Bruin. Eventually, on November 23, 1954, President Sproul granted approval by telegram for a new student-election plan for the Daily Bruin. The Bruin was not informed of any of the changes to the editorial structure, though editor McReynolds caught word of the plan and wrote an editorial on Dec. 8, stating that "Someone, probably the Administration, has been planning this change for at least six weeks. The planning has all been kept secret from The Daily Bruin and the students at large." December 8 was the same day Hahn submitted the plan to the Student Council.[4]:145

There were to be student elections for editor, who would name his own editorial board, subject to approval by the Student Council and veto by the Administration. Because of lack of time, elections would not be held in the spring semester, but an editorial board would be chosen by a two-man committee composed of Student Body President Skip Byrne and an Administration representative.[4]:145

In addition to this limitation, the plan required that:

  • Non-staff opinion pieces would be limited to 150 words in Grins and Growls.
  • Controversial articles would be "matched" with an opposing opinion.
  • The plan said “the editorial columns shall be used by the editor-in-chief in any manner consonant with journalistic practice and the wishes of SLC subject to the contribution that contributors be bonafide staff members or members of SLC.”

A total of 3,004 signatures, representing one-fifth of the student body, were collected for a petition to be sent to Sproul to retract the plan. The number of signatures was about a thousand more than the number of student who voted in the preceding ASUCLA election.[4]:145–146

Loud Bark and Curious Eyes states that Sproul

. . . asserted in an unpublicized memo to Allen that it was a "local matter" for UCLA authorities alone to decide, though he did not mention the series of memoranda in the Berkeley office nor his own telegram of Nov. 23.[4]:146–147

The Bruin staff nominated six candidates to become editors the following year, but all six were rejected by the selection committee appointed to decide on the new editors.

New/Social Media[edit]

With the emergence and popularity of new media, the Daily Bruin has tried to increase its readership by creating a Facebook page, Twitter account, Flickr group, Livestream channel, Vimeo profile, and multiple YouTube channels. The paper has also created several blogs, including the very recent Mojo—"a mobile journalism platform designed for technology on-the-go... to capture news as it's happening."[8]

In 2013, the organization laid off most of its full-time employees, following more than a decade of consistently declining annual revenues.[citation needed]

Editors[edit]

1910-1955[edit]

NORMAL OUTLOOK

  • 1910-11 Clarence Hodges, Shirley D. Burns
  • 1911-15 No names available
  • 1915-16 Albert T. Blanford, Gertrude C.Maloney, Willette Long, Eva Smith
  • 1916-17 Lee Roy Smith, Eva Throckmorton
  • 1917-18 Elizabeth Lee Polk, Nina Ehlers
  • 1918-19 Possibly not published

CUB CALIFORNIAN

  • 1919-1921 Dale Stoddard, Alice Lookabaugh, Fern Ashley, David K. Barnwell
  • 1920-21 Mildred Sanborn
  • 1921-22 John A. Worley
  • 1922-23 Irving C. Kramer
  • 1923 (fall) Irving C. Kramer

CALIFORNIA GRIZZLY

  • 1924 (spring) Fred M. Jordan
  • 1924-25 John F. Cohee, Robert W. Kerr
  • 1925-26 John F. Cohee, Ben Person

BRUIN

  • 1926-27 William E. Forbes
  • 1927-28 James F. Wickizer
  • 1928-29 H. Monte Harrington, Gene Harvey
  • 1929-30 Walter T. Bogart
  • 1930-31 Carl Schaefer, Charles Olton
  • 1931-32 Maxwell Clark
  • 1932-33 George Elmendorf
  • 1933-34 Robert K. Shellaby
  • 1934-35 F. Chandler Harris
  • 1935-36 Gilbert Harrison
  • 1936-37 Stanley Rubin. In 1970, Rubin recalled that in the middle 1930s, Max Rafferty, who served from 1963 to 1971 as California Superintendent of Public Instruction, had physically attacked him over controversial content in The Bruin.[9] Rafferty dispatched a letter to The Los Angeles Times in which he described The Bruin as "one of the most prejudiced newspapers on the Pacific Coast" and complained that the "radicalism" of the publication "is not so funny if it keeps [students] from getting a job."[10]
  • 1937-38 Roy Swanfeldt, Norman Borisoff
  • 1938-39 William T. Brown, Everett Carter
  • 1939-40 Sanford J. Mock, Richard K. Pryne
  • 1940-41 Bruce Cassiday, Jack Hauptli
  • 1941-42 Malcolm Steinlauf, Robert M. Barsky
  • 1942-43 Tom Smith, Robert Weil, Josephine Rosenfield
  • 1943-44 Adele Truitt, Charlotte Klein, Gloria Farquar
  • 1944-45 Pat Campbell, Helen Licht, Doris Willens
  • 1945-46 Hannah Bloom, Bill Stout, Anne Stern
  • 1946-47 Ann Hebert, Frank Mankiewicz
  • 1947-48 Paul Simqu, Elmer L. (Chally) Chalberg
  • 1948-49 Charles G. Francis, Grover Heyler
  • 1949-50 James D. Garst, Harold E. Watkins
  • 1950-51 Eugene Frumkin, Jerry Schlapik (acting), Martin A. Brower
  • 1951-52 Robert Myers, Peter Graber
  • 1952-53 Richard Schenk, Jack Weber
  • 1953-54 Albert Greenstein, M. E. Vogel
  • 1954-55 Martin D. McReynolds, Irv Drasnin

1982 and after[edit]

  • 1982-1983 Andrew Schlei
  • 1983-1984 Kim Cohn
  • 1984-1985 Katherine Jane Bleifer
  • 1985-1986 Peter Pae
  • 1986-1987 Ronald Scott Bell
  • 1988-1989 Valarie De La Garza
  • 1989-1992 Matthew Fordahl
  • 1992-1993 Leila Ansari
  • 1993-1994 Josh Romonek
  • 1994-1995 Matea Gold
  • 1995-1996 Roxane Marquez
  • 1996-1997 Patrick Kerkstra
  • 1997-1998 Edina Lekovic
  • 1998-1999 Adam Yamaguchi
  • 1999-2000 Andrea Perera
  • 2000-2001 Christine Byrd
  • 2001-2002 Timothy Kudo
  • 2002-2003 Cuauhtemoc Ortega
  • 2003-2004 Kelly Rayburn
  • 2004-2005 Tyson Evans
  • 2005-2006 Charles Proctor
  • 2006-2007 Jeff Schenck
  • 2007-2008 Saba Riazati
  • 2008-2009 Anthony Pesce
  • 2009-2010 Alene Tchekmedyian
  • 2010-2011 Farzad Mashhood
  • 2011-2012 Lauren Jow
  • 2012-2013 James Barragan
  • 2013-2014 Jillian Beck
  • 2014-2015 Andrew Erickson

Awards and recognition[edit]

2010[edit]

  • Society of Professional Journalists' Mark of Excellence Award: The Daily Bruin was named the best collegiate daily in SPJ's Region 11, which includes California, Arizona, Nevada and Hawaii. Listed below is the complete list of awards taken by The Bruin for 2009, awarded in 2010.
    • Second Place, Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper
    • Third Place, Best Student Magazine, "Prime Magazine"
    • First Place, Best Affiliated Web Site, "Dailybruin.com"
    • Second Place, Television In-Depth Reporting, "Hip Hop Appreciation Month"

2008[edit]

  • Society of Professional Journalists' Mark of Excellence Award: The Daily Bruin was named the best collegiate daily in SPJ's Region 11, which includes California, Arizona, Nevada and Hawaii. Listed below is the complete list of awards taken by The Bruin for 2007, awarded in 2008.
    • First Place, Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper
    • First Place, Kenneth Robinson, Emily Jaffe, Yu Jiang Tham & Edward Truong, Photo Illustration, "Dollar Tree"
    • First Place, Michael Chen, Sports Photography, "Photo of Jason M. Bourne"
    • Second Place, Robert Faturechi, In-Depth Reporting, “Donations Influence Admissions Slightly”
    • Third Place, Anthony Presce & Julia Erlandson, General News Reporting, “A Closer Look: Admissions”
  • Associated Collegiate Press Best of Show: awards are given during the National College Newspaper Convention
    • First Place, Best Four-year College Daily
    • Third Place, Interactive Element, Jessica Chou and Alene Tchekmedyian, package on undocumented students

2007[edit]

  • Society of Professional Journalists' Mark of Excellence Award: The Daily Bruin was named the best collegiate daily in SPJ's Region 11, which includes California, Arizona, Nevada and Hawaii. Listed below is the complete list of awards taken by The Bruin for 2006, awarded 2007.

2006[edit]

  • Associated Collegiate Press Newspaper of the Year: For the second time in three years, the Daily Bruin was named the national Newspaper of the Year by the Associated Collegiate Press. The award was presented on March 5, 2006, at the Associated Collegiate Press convention in Universal City, which was attended by more than 800 students from college newspapers in 31 different states.
  • Society of Professional Journalists' Mark of Excellence Award, First Place: Once again, the Daily Bruin has been named the best collegiate daily in SPJ's Region 11, which includes California, Arizona, Nevada and Hawaii.
  • California College Media Competition: The Daily Bruin won twice as many awards as any other school in any division, picking up a tastefully unselfish 50 percent of the awards it was eligible for. It also won 70 percent of the first-place prizes it was eligible for. The contest was judged by the San Jose Mercury News, Orange County Register, Fresno Bee and Sacramento Bee.
  • American Copy Editors Society: For the first time in the history of the American Copy Editors Society, a single school swept every available award in its national headline contest. That school was UCLA, and the students were Lauren Raab and Zachary Dillon, taking first place and honorable mention, respectively. The students were honored inconsequentially at a convention in Cleveland in April.

2005[edit]

  • California Better Newspapers Contest: On Saturday, July 17, 2005, the California Newspaper Publishers Association conferred upon the Daily Bruin first place in the 4-year university division of its Better Newspapers Contest. The judges had this to say about The Bruin: "UCLA is practicing some serious, high-quality journalism in the Daily Bruin. There is exceptional campus coverage ranging from crime to the state recall election, to visiting celebrities or entertainers or politicians, to student issues and almost every sport imaginable (with the exception of those lacking NAACP championship trophies). There is also not only a sophistication in stories but also design."
  • Society of Professional Journalists' Mark of Excellence Award: In the region representing California, Arizona and Nevada, the Daily Bruin again placed first for Best All-Around Daily, qualifying it for the national finals, putatively to be announced in fall 2005, to the disappointment of eager fans years later.

2004[edit]

  • Associated Collegiate Press Pacemaker Award: At its national convention in Nashville in November 2004, the Associated Collegiate Press gave the Daily Bruin its prestigious Pacemaker award, putting the Bruin in an elite class of college newspapers nationwide.
  • Society of Professional Journalists' Mark of Excellence Award, First Place: On Sept. 11, 2004, the Daily Bruin was awarded first place in the category of Best All-Around Daily Newspaper in the Society of Professional Journalists' national Mark of Excellence Awards.
  • California College Media Association: The California College Media Association announced in April 2004 that the Daily Bruin had won first place in the collegiate daily division for general excellence, news section, sports section, opinion section and arts & entertainment section. Also, www.dailybruin.ucla.edu was named the Best Newspaper Web Site in California in its Convention Best of Show contest. The contest was judged by the Los Angeles Times, Sacramento Bee and San Francisco Chronicle. The awards competition attracted more than 3,000 entries.
  • California College Media Association, First Place: The Daily Bruin placed first among daily papers in California in The California College Media Association's second annual statewide competition. The contest was judged by the Los Angeles Times, Orange County Register, San Jose Mercury News and Sacramento Bee. The judges had this to say about the Bruin: "The Daily Bruin's impressive coverage of the November elections shows excellent planning, enterprise (the exit poll, multi-media offerings on the Web), good writing on deadline and effective use of photos and graphics. Overall, the newspaper gets high marks for professionalism. The investigative report on problems at the Weyburn Terrace apartment delivers an important service. The dB Magazine features not only films and music reviews but also coverage of the campus arts scene."

2003[edit]

  • L.A. Times Student Journalism Awards, Overall Newspaper Excellence: The Daily Bruin was named the best college newspaper in Southern California by the Los Angeles Times. John S. Carroll, editor of the Los Angeles Times, presented the Daily Bruin with the first place award for "Overall Newspaper Excellence" at the L.A. Times Student Journalism Awards on May 21, 2003. The judges, who included staff members from the Foreign, Metro, Real Estate Desks, and an assistant managing editor, among others, said The Bruin represented a balanced, thorough, well-designed college newspaper others should strive to replicate. They said, "Any medium-sized town would be glad to have a news publication as good as the Daily Bruin." Among a number of other things, the judges applauded The Bruin's "outstanding" coverage of the Columbia shuttle explosion, and pointed out that they liked the Science & Health page as a "special section," saying it is a useful resource for the community.
  • Michigan Student University Society of News Design competition: The Daily Bruin won several top honors recently in the 2003 Michigan State University Society of News Design competition, which is an annual national visual journalism competition hosted by Michigan State's student chapter of the Society of News Design, a national professional organization of visual journalists. This year, there were only 200 entries, and the contest was judged by journalists from the Chicago Tribune. The Daily Bruin swept the photography category, winning every available award. The Daily Bruin also won first place in the Infographics category.
  • California Intercollegiate Press Association: In its 2002-2003 competition, The California Intercollegiate Press Association gave top honors to Daily Bruin design and electronic media.
  • Associated Collegiate Press, Best in Show and Newspaper of the Year awards: On Nov. 9, 2003, the Daily Bruin was awarded first place in the Associated Collegiate Press Best of Show awards in Dallas, Texas, in the category of four-year daily broadsheet newspapers. The Oct. 8, 2003, recall edition of The Bruin was the award-winning entry. Then again in March, the Associated Collegiate Press named the Daily Bruin the Newspaper of the Year out of a field of national collegiate newspapers.
  • Associated Collegiate Press, Pacemaker Award, Finalist: The Daily Bruin was selected from a field of 195 newspapers nationwide as a finalist for the 2003 Pacemaker Award, distributed by the Associated Collegiate Press. Since 1927, the Pacemaker has been the highest honor the Associated Collegiate Press gives to its members, and is considered one of the most prestigious honors in college journalism. The Daily Bruin was honored as a finalist at the Nov. 8, 2003, ACP convention in Dallas.

Notable alumni[edit]

Listed chronologically

  • Ralph Bunche (1903 or 1904–1971), political scientist, diplomat and recipient of the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize.[4]:14
  • William E. Forbes (1906?–1999), class of 1927, president of the Southern California Music Co. and a regent of the University of California.[4]:20–21 and elsewhere
  • Gilbert A. Harrison (1915–2008), class of 1935, editor of the New Republic magazine.[4]:44–45 and elsewhere
  • Togo Tanaka (1916–2009), editor of the Rafu Shimpo newspaper, later sent to the Manzanar internment camp.[11]
  • Flora Lewis (1918–2002), class of 1939, foreign correspondent and columnist.[4]:45
  • Frank Mankiewicz (1924– ), class of 1947, screenwriter, regional director of the Peace Corps, press attache for Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, and a vice president of Hill and Knowlton public relations firm.[4]:90–91 and elsewhere
  • Ben Shapiro (1984-), class of 2004,conservative commentator, attorney, radio talk show host.
  • Clancy Sigal (1926– ), class of 1950, writer.[4]:101 and elsewhere
  • Bill Stout (1927–1989), KNXT-TV newsman.[4]:73–74 and elsewhere
  • Gene Frumkin (1928–2007), class of 1951, journalist, poet and professor.[4]:101 and elsewhere
  • Martin A. (Marty) Sklar (1934– ), vice chairman and principal creative executive for Walt Disney Imagineering.[4]:146 and elsewhere
  • Fredy Perlman (1934–1985), class of 1955, author, publisher and activist.[4]:143, 152
  • Jerry Farber (1935– ), English professor and author of The Student as Nigger.[4]:146, 152
  • Tony Auth (1942–2014), class of 1965, Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist for the Philadelphia Inquirer.
  • David Shaw (1943–2005), class of 1965, Pulitzer Prize-winning writer for the Los Angeles Times who was known for his media criticism.
  • Harry Shearer (1943– ), actor and writer
  • Sondhi Limthongkul (1947– ), Thai journalist and opposition leader.
  • Steve Hartman (sportscaster) (1958– ), sportscaster for KLAC Radio and KCBS Television
  • Frank Spotnitz (1960– ), executive producer of the X-Files.
  • Doug Chiang (1962– ), design director of "Star Wars: The Phantom Menace" and "Star Wars: Attack of the Clones" at LucasFilm. Academy Award winner 1993.

If not cited here, references can be found within the articles.

Notes and references[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]