Daily Express Building, Manchester

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Daily Express Building
Express Building
Express Building Manchester.jpg
Front façade visible from Great Ancoats Street
General information
Type Office and residential
Architectural style Futurist Art Deco
Streamline Moderne
Location Great Ancoats Street
Ancoats
Manchester
Country England, UK
Construction started 1936
Completed 1939[1]
Renovated 1960 (Extension)[2]
1979(Two-storey extension)[2]
1983[2]
1993-95(Office conversion)[2]
Dimensions
Diameter 75,600 square feet (7,023 m2)
Technical details
Structural system Steel and glass (curtain wall)
Floor count Six-storeys
Design and construction
Architect Sir Owen Williams
Civil engineer Sir Owen Williams

The Daily Express Building, located on Great Ancoats Street, Manchester, is a Grade II* listed building which was designed by engineer, Sir Owen Williams. It was built in 1939 to house one of three Daily Express offices; the other two similar buildings are located in London and Glasgow.

The pre-World War II building is notable for its timeless quality and is often mistaken for being much younger than it is due to its futuristic avant garde appearance.[3] The building is futurist art deco, specifically streamline moderne with its horizontal lines and curved corners. It is clad in a combination of opaque and vitrolite glass. It was considered highly radical at the time and incorporated a growing technology, curtain walling.[4]

Unlike the London and Glasgow Express buildings, the Manchester building was designed by the engineer for all three buildings, Sir Owen Williams.[5] It is considered the best of the three of the Express Buildings,[6][7] and is admired by architects such as Norman Foster[8] and Mancunians alike.[9][10] The building was Grade II* listed in 1974 - just thirty-five years after its initial construction and remains Greater Manchester's youngest II* listed building.[11]

History[edit]

The building was required to accommodate existing growth at the Daily Express during the 1930s. During this decade the Daily Express was the most circulated newspaper in the world with sales of up to 2.25 million.[12] Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, owner of the Daily Express, commissioned three buildings in London, Manchester and Glasgow which would help accommodate this growth. Beaverbrook stipulated that all three buildings should be of the highest architectural quality and assigned renowned engineer Sir Owen Williams to assist in the delivery of these three buildings.[13]

The London building opened in 1931, followed by the Glasgow building in 1937 and the Manchester building in 1939. Although similar to both buildings, it was uniquely different with Owen Williams acting as engineer and architect; the former two were both designed by Ellis and Clark. The Glasgow and London buildings were designed by chartered architects while Williams, although not a qualified architect, was a competent designer. The interior of the London building is lavishly decorated, but suffers from a poor and dense site. The architecture of the exterior and site of the Manchester building is regarded as superior which allows the building to shine. Williams kept the design simple, preferring curved corners, cantilever roof rails and a three-storey turret; all these features share more in common with a futurist streamline moderne design rather than art deco.[13]

Only thirty five years after opening, the building was Grade II* listed on October 3, 1974.[5][14] The initial clients of the building, the Daily Express, left Manchester in the late 1980s,[15] possibly because other buildings in the area were in a poor state of repair.[14] However, after the Daily Express decided to leave the city, there was no new press which expressed interest in continuing the building's role as a printing centre, so instead this was discontinued; but printing does still continue in the area.[16]

Architecture[edit]

Express Building roof detail.

The building's corners are curved, taking inspiration from the 1930s streamline moderne movement. It features typical Art Deco motifs: rounded corners, setbacks and a simple contrasting clear and black glass curtain wall. The Express began printing there in 1938 having been on the same site since 1927. Construction had to take place in stages so publishing could continue without interruption.

Originally, it was possible for passers by to peer into the main hall to see the large newspaper printing press.[17] When the building was converted during the 1990s, the glass was made reflective so outsiders cannot see the interior of the building.[17]

Nikolaus Pevsner described the building as an "all-glass front, absolutely flush, with rounded corners and translucent glass and black glass" and "a most impressive sight from the street, particularly when lit up at night."[18]

The Express Building influenced Norman Foster during his youth, describing "I was very taken with the Daily Express building, for example, from the Thirties, wonderfully curved with black glass."[19] "I knew it was there, and I went looking for it. It was not in a part of town that you could just stumble across it. I remember the chromed strips and the Vitrolite that the black façade was made of." Foster's first successful work was the Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters (1975) in Ipswich, a building which share many features with the Express Building such as the use of dark glass, curtain walling and few right angled corners. The Willis Building is now Grade I listed.

Recent history[edit]

The building has been extended four times in its history, the most recent being between 1993 and 1995.[20] Now converted into apartments and offices for the Expressnetworks company, the former printing press was refurbished in the late 1990s and finished in 2000.[21] This was only able to be done through funding by the Express Group and regeneration grants. The structure was sold to Washington DC-based A&A Investments in 2006 for £20.5 million, after previous owners Stockbourne had occupied the building for 12 months.[20] In April 2013, the building was put up for sale with an asking price of £9.5 million.[22]

Notes[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Urban Memory :History and Amnesia in the Modern City. Mark Crinson. 2005. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d Hartwell. p. 285.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Manchester Architecture part three". Manchester Confidential. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-08. First time visitors to the city frequently wonder if it was built within the last decade 
  4. ^ "The ascent of Manchester". Daily Telegraph. 24 May 2002. Retrieved 2011-12-08. For the first time since 1939, when Sir Owen Williams built his Daily Express building, it is possible to turn to Manchester not with a shudder but with keen anticipation. 
  5. ^ a b "Great Ancoats Street, Daily Express Building". Images of England. 2002-04-14. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  6. ^ "Daily Express, Manchester". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  7. ^ "Daily Express Building London : Fleet Street". e-architect.co.uk. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-21. The Express Building in Manchester (1939) is considered the best of the three due to its superior exterior design and better site and was the only one of the three to be designed by Sir Owen Williams. 
  8. ^ "Manchester Express Building". GVA Grimley. Retrieved 2011-12-09. The building has been described by Sir Norman Foster as one of his top five favourite buildings in the world 
  9. ^ "Top 5 Buildings". visitmanchester.com. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  10. ^ "The Best Buildings in Manchester (as voted by you)". prideofmanchester. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  11. ^ "Daily Express Building - Manchester". English Heritage. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  12. ^ "The Daily Express". Spartacus. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  13. ^ a b "Daily Express Building, Great Ancoats St". Manchester Modernists Society. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  14. ^ a b "TDEB". CUBE. 2001. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  15. ^ "Daily Express Building, Manchester". Andrew Goudie. 2007-04-26. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  16. ^ "Ancoats and its building today". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  17. ^ a b "About Ancoats - Buildings - The Express Buildings". ancoatsbpt.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  18. ^ Hartwell, Clare. Pevsner Architectural Guides - Manchester. Pevsner. p. 285. 
  19. ^ "Sir Norman Foster - 'My time as a bouncer'". phaidon.com. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  20. ^ a b "Express building is sold to US group for £20m". Manchester Evening News. 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  21. ^ "Express route to a richer life". Manchester Evening News. 8 October 2003. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  22. ^ "Manchester's Express Building on market for £9.5m". insidermedia.com. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
Bibliography
  • Hartwell, Clare (2002). Pevsner Architectural Guide - Manchester. Penguin. ISBN 0-300-09666-6. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°29′06″N 2°13′53″W / 53.484991°N 2.231351°W / 53.484991; -2.231351