Daimler DR450

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Daimler Limousine DR450
Daimler Majestic Major first reg Dec 1967 4561cc.JPG
Daimler 8-passenger chauffeur-driver limousine 1967
Overview
Manufacturer The Daimler Company Limited
Production 1961–1968
864 produced[1]
Assembly Coventry England
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door 8-passenger[2] limousine
Layout Front-engine, Rear-wheel-drive
Related Daimler Majestic Major DQ450[2]
Powertrain
Engine 4.561 litres (278 cu in) V8[2]
Transmission Borg Warner DG12 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,505 mm (138.0 in)[2]
Length 5,740 mm (226.0 in)[2]
Width 1,868 mm (73.5 in)[2]
Height 1,615 mm (63.6 in)[2]
Kerb weight 2,122 kg (4,678 lb)[2]
Chronology
Predecessor Daimler DK400
Successor Daimler DS420
Daimler (Turner) 4½ litre V8
Overview
Manufacturer The Daimler Company Limited
Production 2,044
864 DR450 cars
1,180 DQ450 cars
Combustion chamber
Configuration 90 degree V eight-cylinder
Displacement 4.561 litres (278 cu in)[2]
Cylinder bore 95.3 mm (3.8 in)[2]
Piston stroke 80 mm (3.1 in)[2]
Cylinder block alloy Cast iron
Cylinder head alloy Aluminium alloy, hemispherical combustion chambers
Valvetrain OHV by pushrods and rockers[2]
Two valves per cylinder
hemispherical head
Compression ratio 8.0:1[2]
Combustion
Fuel system Carburettors—twin S.U. HD8; fuel pump—SU electric
Aua 61[2]
Management None
Fuel type Petrol[2]
Oil system Filter—Full flow replaceable element[2]
Cooling system Water[2]
Output
Power output 220 bhp (160 kW; 220 PS) @ 5,500 rpm[2]
Torque output 383.7 N·m (283.0 lbf·ft) @ 3,200 rpm.[2]
Dimensions
Length 31.25 in (793.8 mm)
Width 25.5 in (647.7 mm)
Height 31 in (787.4 mm)
Dry weight 498 lb (226 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Thirty-Six DE 36
DK400 Straight-Six
Successor Daimler DS420

The Daimler DR450 is a limousine variant of the Majestic Major DQ450 saloon. Produced from 1961[3] to 1968, it was the last complete car designed by The Daimler Company Limited.

Intended for the carriage trade, as an executive express or as a hire car for those needing something larger than a five-seater saloon, the DR450 was produced in numbers close to those of the Majestic Major saloon on which it was based.

Design and specifications[edit]

The chassis was 24.0 in (609.6 mm) longer than for the Majestic Major and the necessarily flat glass of the three side-windows no longer could be let flow with the body-shape. The equally flat-windowed but bulbous Jaguar Mark X was released to the market the same year.[4] The 4,561 cc (278 cubic inch) hemi-head engine pushed the 2¼ tonnes of car and driver to 100 km/h in under 11 seconds, to 100 mph in 37 seconds and provided a top speed of 183 km/h (114 miles per hour),[2] rather better than the much shorter lighter 5-passenger Jaguar Mark X.

  • chassis: massive box-section and cross-braced frame, separate from the all-steel body
  • suspension
front: Girling type with semi-trailing wishbones and forward facing arms, coil springs, Girling telescopic dampers
rear: live axle, half-elliptic leaf springs, Girling telescopic dampers
  • brakes:Dunlop disc brakes vacuum-servo assisted
front: 12.5 in (317.5 mm)
rear: 12 in (304.8 mm)
  • wheels: 16 in (406.4 mm) pressed steel, 5 studs, rims—5.5 in (139.7 mm)
  • tyres: Dunlop RS5, 700-16 with tubes
  • steering: Hydrosteer power assisted
  • steering wheel diameter 18 in (457.2 mm)
  • steering column: adjustable for reach
  • headlamps two 50/40 watts and fog lamps
  • heating and ventilation are independently provided for rear and front compartments
  • seating, three on the front bench seat, three on the back seat and two on the folding occasional seats
  • folding occasional seats have received particular care in shaping for comfort and support. They fold away into their own footwells below the division when not required
  • rear doors open a full 90 degrees
  • seatbelts no provision
  • grease: ten points every 1,000 miles, seven points every 5,000 miles[2]
19 feet, 2.1 tonnes, 180 km/h and agile

Test[edit]

Autocar road testers said "Few cars possess the Jekyll and Hyde personality of the Daimler limousine in providing very high performance, comfort, safety and enormous carrying capacity . . . after enjoying the Daimler for its special merits of high performance and excellent handling, one feels even a little sympathy for chauffeurs who may rarely have the opportunity to discover for themselves the other side of the car's character."[2]

"It is always a challenge to the engineers to provide a good compromise of ride in a car of which the laden weight can conceivably vary by as much as 14 to 15 cwts 1,568 lb (711 kg) to 1,680 lb (762 kg). The Daimler limousine has achieved a very high standard in this respect".[2]

Performance[edit]

On test by Autocar average fuel consumption for the total distance of 1404 miles proved to be 14.7 miles per gallon or 19.2 L/100 km. The maximum speed of the car was a (mean) of 113.5 mph, 182.6 km/h and the best run 114 or 183.2 km/h.[2]

Price[edit]

October 1961 £3,995 including tax,
Jaguar Mark X £2,393

Market sector 1966[edit]

  • Rolls-Royce Phantom V £10,700
  • Daimler DR450 £3,558 (chassis only £1,899)
  • Vanden Plas Austin Princess £3,100[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ran When Parked: Daimler DR450". Ranwhenparked.blogspot.com. 2010-09-18. Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Autocar Road Test 1907, Autocar, 4 January 1963, Iliffe, Sons & Sturmey, London 1963
  3. ^ New Daimler limousine and Lagonda Rapide saloon. The Times, Wednesday, Sep 27, 1961; pg. 15; Issue 55197
  4. ^ New Big Jaguar. The Times, Thursday, Oct 12, 1961; pg. 8; Issue 55210
  5. ^ Brian E Smith, The Daimler Tradition, second revised edition 1980, Transport Bookman Publications ISBN 085184 014 0