Daiquirí

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For other uses, see Daiquiri.
Daiquirí
Village
American troops landing at Daiquirí in 1898
American troops landing at Daiquirí in 1898
Daiquirí is located in Cuba
Daiquirí
Location of Daiquirí in Cuba
Coordinates: 19°55′43″N 75°38′25″W / 19.92861°N 75.64028°W / 19.92861; -75.64028Coordinates: 19°55′43″N 75°38′25″W / 19.92861°N 75.64028°W / 19.92861; -75.64028
Country  Cuba
Province Santiago de Cuba
Municipality Santiago de Cuba
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-22

Daiquirí (Spanish pronunciation: [daikiˈɾi]) is a small village, 14 miles east of Santiago de Cuba. It became a focal point of the United States invasion of Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

Overview[edit]

Spanish General Arsenio Linares y Pombo ordered the area from Daiquirí to Siboney fortified in anticipation of U.S. disembarkments there. On June 20, 1898, U.S. Navy Admiral William T. Sampson, U.S. Army General William Rufus Shafter and Cuban General Calixto García planned an invasion whereby the navy would shell Daiquirí, García's Cuban troops would attack the Spaniards, and, in the meantime, U.S. ships would transport some Cuban troops to Cabañas to cut off communications and supply.

The landing two days later went almost according to plan. Sampson fired on Daiquirí, dispersing the 300 or so Spanish troops there. Some 16,000 U.S. soldiers waded ashore in the surf as the diversion at Cabañas proved highly effective. Other troops landed at Siboney, but Daiquirí continued as a storage area until U.S. forces took Santiago.[1]

The alcoholic cocktail, the daiquiri, was supposedly named for the area. There is an iron mine near Daiquirí, which is a word of Taíno origin.[2] The cocktail was supposedly invented about 1900 in a bar named Venus in Santiago, about 23 miles east of the mine, by a group of American mining engineers. Among the engineers present were Jennings Cox, General Manager of the Spanish American Iron Co., J. Francis Linthicum, C. Manning Combs, George W. Pfeiffer, De Berneire Whitaker, C. Merritt Holmes and Proctor O. Persing. Although stories persist that Cox invented the drink when he ran out of gin while entertaining American guests, the drink evolved naturally due to the prevalence of lime and sugar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Library of Congress
  2. ^ The United Confederation of Taíno People. "Taíno Dictionary" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-10-18.