Daisy and Violet Hilton
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|Daisy and Violet Hilton|
Hilton twins c. 1927
|Born||5 February 1908
Brighton, Sussex, England
|Died||4 January 1969 (aged 60)
Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S.
Cause of death
|Hong Kong flu|
|Occupation||Entertainers, grocery store clerks|
|Known for||Being conjoined twins|
The girls were born at 15 Riley Road, Brighton, England, on 5 February 1908. Their mother was Kate Skinner, an unmarried barmaid. The sisters were born joined by their hips and buttocks; they shared blood circulation and were fused at the pelvis but shared no major organs. Skinner's boss Mary Hilton, who helped in childbirth, apparently saw commercial prospects in them, and thus effectively bought them from their mother and took them under her care. The girls first stayed above the Queen's Arms pub in Brighton, but later moved to the Evening Star pub.
According to the sisters' autobiography, Mary Hilton with her husband and daughter kept the twins in strict control with physical abuse; they had to call her "Auntie Lou" and her husband "Sir". They trained the girls in singing and dancing.
A medical account of the birth and a description of the twins was provided for the British Medical Journal by Dr James Augustus Rooth, the physician in charge at the time of their birth. He reported that subsequently the Sussex Medico-Chirurgical Society considered separation, but unanimously decided against it as it was believed that the operation would certainly lead to the death of at least one of the twins. He notes that these twins were the first to be born in the United Kingdom conjoined and to survive for more than a few weeks.
The Hilton sisters toured first in Britain at age 3 as "The United Twins". Mary Hilton took them on to a tour through Germany, then to Australia, then to the USA. In true sideshow manner, their performance was accompanied by an imaginative "history". Their controllers kept all the money the sisters earned. In 1926 Bob Hope formed an act called the Dancemedians with the Hilton Sisters, who had a tap-dancing routine.
When Mary died in Birmingham, Alabama, her daughter Edith and husband Myer Meyers, a former balloon salesman, were "willed" the girls and took over management of the twins. Held mostly captive, the girls were hit if they did not do as the Meyers wished. They kept the twins from public view for a while and trained them in jazz music. Violet was a skilled saxophonist and Daisy a violinist. They lived in a mansion in San Antonio, Texas until the early 1930s.
In 1931, the sisters gathered enough courage to sue their managers, gaining freedom from their contract and US$100,000 in damages. They left the sideshows and went into vaudeville as "The Hilton Sisters' Revue". Daisy dyed her hair blonde and they began to wear different outfits so they could be told apart. They had numerous affairs, failed attempts to get a marriage license, and a couple of short marriages. In 1932, the twins appeared in the film Freaks. In 1951 they starred in Chained for Life, an exploitation film loosely based on their lives.
Later life and deaths
The Hiltons' last public appearance was in 1961 at a drive-in cinema in Charlotte, North Carolina. Their tour manager abandoned them there, and with no means of transportation or income, they were forced to take a job in a nearby grocery store.
On 4 January 1969, after they failed to report to work, their boss called the police. The twins were found dead in their home, victims of the Hong Kong flu. According to a forensic investigation, Daisy died first; Violet died between two and four days later. They were buried in Forest Lawn West Cemetery.
In 1989 a musical based on the twins, Twenty Fingers Twenty Toes, with book by Michael Dansicker and Bob Nigro and music and lyrics by Michael Dansicker, premiered at the WPA Theatre and ran for 35 performances. The script can be found in the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts. It began as an accurate portrayal of the twins' early life, but then included a wholly fictitious plot by their keepers to have them surgically separated as adults.
Side Show, a Broadway musical loosely based on the sisters' lives, with lyrics by Bill Russell and music by Henry Krieger, opened at the Richard Rodgers Theater on October 16, 1997. It starred Emily Skinner as Daisy and Alice Ripley as Violet, and received four Tony nominations, but closed after 91 performances. In 2014, a substantially rewritten version of the musical was mounted at the Kennedy Center. This production was well received and moved to Broadway, where it opened at The St. James Theater on November 17, 2014. It starred Erin Davie as Violet and Emily Padgett as Daisy.
In 2012, Leslie Zemeckis (wife of director Robert Zemeckis) filmed an award-winning documentary (Hollywood Film Festival 2012) "Bound by Flesh" on the lives of the twins. The Hollywood Reporter called it a "scrupulously researched" and a "masterful film."
The number 708 bus in their birth town of Brighton, England is named in their honour.
- Rooth JA (September 1911). "The Brighton united twins". Br Med J. 2 (2647): 653–654. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.2647.653. PMC 2332195. PMID 20765808.
- Jensen, Dean. The Lives and Loves of Daisy and Violet Hilton: A True Story of Conjoined Twins, Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1-58008-758-2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daisy and Violet Hilton.|
- Daisy and Violet Hilton at Find a Grave
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