Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha
Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha is an organisation whose main goal is to improve Hindi literacy among the non-Hindi speaking people of South India. The headquarters are located at Thanikachalam Road, T. Nagar, Chennai.
The Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha was founded in 1918 to propagate the study of Hindi in the then Madras Presidency and princely states of Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore, Cochin, Pudukkottai, Banganapalle and Sandur. The organisation was officially declared open at the Gokhale Hall, Madras by Annie Besant with support from Mahatma Gandhi. The first Hindi class was taken by Gandhi's son Devdas Gandhi. The Hindi movement in south India was started in the year 1918 by Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, aimed at the need to unite the northern & southern states of the country in the greatest interest of integration of the nation. Therefore he founded the Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha at Madras, as Hindi was spoken by the largest section of the people of India. Mahatma Gandhi was the life time President of this institution. The movement was inaugurated by Dr.Besant under the presidency at Gokhale Hall, Madras. The first Hindi class was started by Sri Devedasa Gandhi. Hindi Training Schools were started in Andhra and Tamil Nadu in which young men numbering multiplied 80 were trained in the year 1919 and 190. this number multiplied itself slowly and steadily, and to-day the movement can claim more than 7000 workers working in 6000 centres, covering the entire area of the four linguistic regions, viz. Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka, with an area of six and a half lakhs of sq. Kilometers with a population of about 120 millions. 1927 saw the emergence of Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha as an independent organization and Mahatma Gandhi was its President till he breathed his fast. Gandhiji desired that the ‘Hindi Prachar‘ in the south should be carried on by involving the local people of the respective area. Till 1920, this Sabha had its office at George Town in Madras and offer some years shifted to Mylapore and from thereafter to Triplicane where it functioned till 1936. Preliminary Examinations were being held regularly from 1922. The first degree level examination ‘Rashtrabasha Visharad’ was conducted and convocation held which was addressed by Kaka kalelkar in 1931. The Sabha celebrated its Silver jubilee in the year 1946 after the second world war and Gandhiji presided over the celebrations.To commemorate his presence during the silver Jubilee celebrations in the sabha and mark that historic occasion it was decided to build a Gandhi Mantap at the spot where Mahatmaji made his presence felt. Accordingly, a Mantap was built and it was inaugurated on June 1963 by Sri Morarji Desaji. A landmark in the recent history of the Sabha was the establishment of the National Hindi research Library built at a cost of rupees eighty five lakhs with financial assistance from the Government of India. Another important landmark is the building of ‘Mahatma Gandhi Convocation Hall’ (Mahatma Gandhi padavidan Mantap) exclusively for the use of holding the annual convocation and other functions of the sabha.
The Sabha is divided into four divisions, one each for the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala. The organisation headquarters is at T. Nagar, Chennai. The four regional headquarters are at:
- Tamil Nadu - Tiruchirappalli - Website
- Andhra Pradesh - Hyderabad
- Karnataka - Dharwad - Website
- Kerala - Ernakulam - Website