Dalbeattie

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Dalbeattie
Scottish Gaelic: Dail Bheithe
Scots: Dawbeattie
Town Hall, Dalbeattie.jpg
Dalbeattie Town Hall
Dalbeattie is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Dalbeattie
Dalbeattie
 Dalbeattie shown within Dumfries and Galloway
Population 4,289 [1] (2001 census)
est. 4,310[2] (2006)
OS grid reference NX832613
Council area Dumfries and Galloway
Lieutenancy area Kirkcudbrightshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DALBEATTIE
Postcode district DG5
Dialling code 01556
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Dumfries and Galloway
Scottish Parliament Galloway and West Dumfries
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 54°55′55″N 3°49′19″W / 54.932°N 3.822°W / 54.932; -3.822

Dalbeattie (Scots: Dawbeattie,[3] from Gaelic Dail Bheithe meaning "valley of birch") is a town in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Dalbeattie is in a wooded valley on the Urr Water 6 km (4 mi) east of Castle Douglas and 19 km (12 mi) south west of Dumfries. The town is famed for its granite industry and for being the home town of William McMaster Murdoch First Officer of the RMS Titanic.

History[edit]

There are indications from Court Records that a settlement existed on the site as early as 1658 and it is further mentioned in 1747. There is also evidence from Presbytery Records which indicate there was a School Master in Dalbeattie in 1751.

The formal beginnings of Dalbeattie originate in 1781 when George Maxwell of Munches and Alexander Copeland of Kingsgrange (or Colliston) decided to encourage the development of the town by feuing their property. The Maxwells owned the land on the North side of the burn and the Copelands owned the land on the South side. Every feu consisted of a piece of land, fronting a street, large enough to build a house and grow vegetables and keep chickens and pigs. Each feu also had the right to cut turves (peat) from Aucheninnes Moss. This was important as fuel was scarce in Galloway, coal was expensive and there were very few trees. The feu duties brought in an income for the landowners and gave security for the tenants.

The building of the bridge over the River Urr at Craignair in 1797 and the rapid expansion of the Granite Industry in Dalbeattie attracted more people to settle in the town. By 1810 work in the quarries was plentiful and over the next 30 years a lot of trades people settled and founded businesses in Dalbeattie. However the expanded population brought other problems, high incidents of sickness, including Cholera and Typhoid, and Law and Order issues.

The town today has a greatly reduced industry and most residents commute to the nearby town of Dumfries for employment. The town is frequented by tourists as its position is well situated for access to the Solway coast.

Notable people[edit]

Governance[edit]

The town is under the management of Dumfries and Galloway council and is located in the Abbey ward. The town is in the Westminster constituency of Dumfries and Galloway and currently represent by Russell Brown. In the Scottish Parliament the town is within the Galloway and Upper Nithsdale constituency and the South of Scotland region and is represented by Alex Fergusson and Alasdair Morgan respectively. Alasdair Morgan's constituency office is located in the town's High Street.

Geography[edit]

Dalbeattie is situated in the Urr valley of which most of the east side is covered by forest. The River Urr flows from the north southwards to the Solway Firth and passes by the west side of the town. The town has an abundance of distinctive grey granite.

Economy[edit]

Granite Quarrying[edit]

Craignair quarry is a notable town landmark
Sculpture in Colliston Park commemorating Dalbeattie's heritage as a producer of the quality granite which has been used in major construction projects worldwide

Formerly granite quarrying was an important part of the Dalbeattie economy. The most prominent of which is the characteristic Craignair quarry which is clearly visible to the west of the town. Dalbeattie Granite works was established in 1820 and was situated in Craignair Street, following a direct route from Craignair quarry. The industry died down locally around 1883 due to cheaper imports from Denmark. Many of the workers emigrated to other parts of the world in order to find work, a number emigrated to the USA to work at a sister quarry in Westerly, Rhode Island. Granite exported from Dalbeattie went into the Mersey Docks in Liverpool, the Thames Embankment in London, various British lighthouses, even as far as the lighthouse at the southern tip of Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Its most famous use was probably the Eddystone Lighthouse in southern England.

Dalbeattie is credited with developing the technique of polishing granite stone to form a shiny surface. This technique was exported throughout the world by the skilled workers of Dalbeattie as they travelled.

Modern Day[edit]

The town has a large sawmill "Howie Forest Products" which employs around 120 people. It is also home to a prospering souvenir factory Thistle Products[5] which distributes Scottish souvenirs across Scotland and beyond, most famously the "See You Jimmy Hat" and more recently the "Instakilt Beach Towel". Dalbeattie is also well known for its rubber chicken factory,[clarification needed] one of only three in the UK.

Most of the residents commute to nearby Dumfries for employment.

Transport[edit]

The town is accessible by roads from Dumfries, Castle Douglas, and is on the Solway coastal road. A regular bus service based in Dumfries travels though Dalbeattie and Casle Douglas to the west of the region and back. The town also acts as a minor hub for bus routes across the Solway coast. The town previously had access to the rail network; however, this was removed in the 1960s as it was deemed unprofitable.

Museums and Galleries[edit]

Dalbeattie has recently enlarged museum[6] devoted to the history of the town and surrounding area. There is also a small art gallery, the Nail Factory[7] which hosts temporary exhibitions, usually of work by local artists.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Dalbeattie Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  2. ^ "General Register Office for Scotland - Statistics - Publications and Data". Gro-scotland.gov.uk. 2009-12-07. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  3. ^ Andy Eagle (2003-02-27). "The Online Scots Dictionary". Scots-online.org. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  4. ^ "Jim Steel full career profile". Qosfc.com. December 19, 2010. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  5. ^ thistleproducts.co.uk
  6. ^ dalbeattiemuseum.co.uk
  7. ^ nailfactory.org.uk

External links[edit]