Dale Steyn

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Dale Steyn
Dale Steyn 3.jpg
Personal information
Full name Dale Willem Steyn
Born (1983-06-27) 27 June 1983 (age 30)
Phalaborwa, Transvaal Province, South Africa
Nickname Steyn Remover, Steyn Gun, Phalaborwa Express
Height 1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right-arm fast
Role Bowler
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 297) 17 December 2004 v England
Last Test 05 March 2014 v Australia
ODI debut (cap 82) 17 August 2005 v Asia XI
Last ODI 8 December 2013 v India
ODI shirt no. 8
T20I debut (cap 31) 23 November 2007 v New Zealand
Last T20I 04 April 2014 v Sri Lanka
Domestic team information
Years Team
2003–2004 Northerns
2004–2010 Titans (squad no. 8)
2005 Essex
2007 Warwickshire
2007–2010 Royal Challengers Bangalore (squad no. 2)
2011–2012 Deccan Chargers (squad no. 8)
2010–present Cape Cobras (squad no. 8)
2012-present Brisbane Heat (squad no. 1)
2013-present Sunrisers Hyderabad (squad no. 8)
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI T20I FC
Matches 72 79 38 115
Runs scored 998 176 15 1,506
Batting average 14.25 7.33 3.00 14.34
100s/50s -/1 0/0 0/0 0/3
Top score 76 35 5 82
Balls bowled 15,261 3,920 817 22,981
Wickets 362 123 55 521
Bowling average 23.01 25.99 15.98 23.88
5 wickets in innings 22 3 0 30
10 wickets in match 5 n/a 0 7
Best bowling 7/51 6/39 4/9 8/41
Catches/stumpings 19/– 20/– 10/0 25/–
Source: Cricinfo, 6 March 2014

Dale Willem Steyn (/ˈstn/; born 27 June 1983) is a South African cricketer who plays in Tests, T20 Internationals and One Day International cricket for South Africa. He is currently the number one ranked Test bowler in the world, achieving the 900+ points benchmark on 13 November 2011[1][2] following his important early work with pace bowling expert, Ian Pont.[3] Steyn plays domestic cricket in South Africa for Cape Cobras. He is a right-arm fast bowler, and bowls at speeds of around 145–150 km/h (his fastest being recorded at 156.2 km/h during the 2010 IPL, Bangalore Royal Challengers against Kolkata Knight Riders). His fastest ball in international cricket was clocked at 155.7 km/h (96.8 mph) against New Zealand. Steyn held the record for the fastest South African to reach 100 wickets in Test Match cricket, a feat he achieved on 2 March 2008.[4]

Steyn currently has the best bowling strike rate of all time in Test match cricket (amongst bowlers who have bowled a minimum of 10,000 deliveries).[5] Dale Steyn achieved a tally of 78 wickets at an average of 16.24 in Season 2007/08[6] and was subsequently rewarded with the prestigious ICC 2008 Test Cricketer of the Year Award.[7] He was named one of the Wisden cricketers of the year in 2013.[8] He was named Wisden Leading Cricketer in the World for the year 2013 in 2014 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.[9] [10] [11]

Early life and Domestic career[edit]

Steyn grew up in the small town of Phalaborwa on the border of the world-famous wildlife haven, the Kruger National Park. Active and energetic, Steyn was naturally drawn to sports. His love of being outdoors led him also to more solitary activities such as bass fishing and skateboarding. Steyn began playing cricket when he was around 11 years old and he received a Hansie Cronje cricket set as a Christmas gift. Family games on the lawn soon led to a place in the school cricket team. During his school years, Steyn had exceptional pace and a raw talent, but a career in cricket didn’t seem possible. “When you live in a small town and there is just a handful of players, it doesn’t really count that you may be the cream of the crop,” Steyn comments “People might say you’re destined for great things. But when you’re in a small town, what are the chances?”

Steyn made his first-class debut for Northerns (subsequently merged with Easterns to form the Titans) on 17 October 2003. He only played two first-class games and made little impact in his first season, but a series of strong performances in the initial part of the 2004/2005 season saw him called up to the Test squad to play England. He went back to playing for the Titans after failing to impress in his first three Tests.

Steyn went to England in 2005 to play for Essex, appearing in seven matches between May and June. He failed to make a big impact in his initial outing in County Championship cricket, taking 14 wickets at 59.85.[12] Following his work at Essex with world expert bowling coach Ian Pont he returned to domestic cricket in South Africa, where Steyn bowled excellently for the Titans through the 2005/2006 season which earned him a recall to the Test squad to face New Zealand.[13]

Steyn seized the opportunity to cement his place in the South Africa Test team, and as a result of becoming a regular selection for the national team, he has subsequently played little domestic cricket in South Africa during the last two seasons, appearing for the Titans in just three SuperSport Series matches.

He had a second stint in England, playing for Warwickshire in the first half of the 2007 English season. This time around he had more success, claiming 23 County Championship wickets in seven matches at an average of 25.86.[12] He also played well in the Friends Provident Trophy, a 50-over tournament, finishing as the leading wicket-taker for Warwickshire. He has since become a regular in the South African One Day International team.

Steyn signed to play in the Indian Premier League in 2008, playing for the Royal Challengers Bangalore. He earned US$325,000 for his appearance in the tournament.[14] For IPL 2011 he was bought by Deccan Chargers for $1.2 million.[15]

International career[edit]

Dale Steyn in the field at the SCG in January 2009

Home Tests against England 2004/05[edit]

Steyn made his debut for South Africa on 17 December 2004 in the first Test of England's tour. His first victim in Test cricket was Marcus Trescothick whom he bowled with a fast in-swinging delivery.[16] However, his overall performance was underwhelming, he took eight wickets at an average of 52.00[17] and he was dropped after bowling poorly in England's second innings of the fourth Test in January 2005, bowling eight no balls in nine overs which went for 47 runs.[18] England won the match by 77 runs.

One Day Internationals 2005/06[edit]

Later that year, Steyn was picked in the squad for the African XI in the Afro-Asia Cup of 2005/06, and he made his One Day International debut on 17 August 2005. The African XI won the match, with Steyn bowling last batsman Ashish Nehra to seal victory by two runs.[19] Steyn made his One Day International debut for South Africa on 20 January 2006 in a match against Australia at Melbourne, a match which was part of the 2005-06 VB Series. Steyn did not bowl particularly well[20] and after another below par performance against Sri Lanka[21] he dropped out of consideration for the South African ODI team.

Home Tests against New Zealand 2005/2006[edit]

Following a strong season playing domestic cricket for the Titans, Steyn was recalled to the Test side to play New Zealand in April 2006. He responded to his opportunity with his first five-wicket haul in the first Test at Centurion, ripping through the New Zealand batting lineup along with Makhaya Ntini as New Zealand crumbled to 120 all out, chasing 248 to win.[22] He finished the three Test series with 16 wickets at 26.00[23] and made a fine impression throughout.

Away Tests against Sri Lanka 2006[edit]

Steyn was included in the Test team to play Sri Lanka away in a two match series in July and August 2006. In his first overseas Test, at the Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo, he took 3 for 129 as Sri Lanka piled up 756–5, with Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene putting together the highest Test match partnership ever (624 runs). South Africa slumped to defeat by an innings and 153 runs.[24] In the second Test, at the Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo, Steyn took his second five-wicket haul in Tests during Sri Lanka's first innings, but went wicketless in their seconds innings as Sri Lanka sealed a 2–0 series victory by a single wicket.[25] Steyn finished the series with eight wickets at an average of 36.50.[23]

Home Tests against India 2006/07[edit]

Steyn his Test place for the three match home series against India. He picked up an injury whilst bowling early in India's first innings in the first Test at Johannesburg which prevented him from taking much further part in the game and also ruled him out of the second Test. He returned to play in the deciding third Test at Cape Town and bowled well, taking six wickets for 88 runs in the match as South Africa clinched the match and the series.[26] He finished the series with six wickets at an average of 19.00.[27]

Home Tests against Pakistan 2006/07[edit]

Despite his strong performance on his return to the team in the third Test against India, Steyn missed out on a place in the first two Tests against Pakistan, with the selectors opting to play a four man attack featuring full-time spinner Paul Harris. He returned in the third Test, at Cape Town, when the selectors decided to rest André Nel and Shaun Pollock in preparation for the imminent 2007 Cricket World Cup. He took four wickets in the match for 87 runs as South Africa won the match by 5 wickets and took the series 2–1.[28] As this was his only match, his average for the series was 21.75.[27]

One Day Internationals 2007[edit]

Steyn was recalled to the South African ODI squad in June 2007 and played in three matches between June and August, against Ireland, India and Zimbabwe. He had mixed success in these three matches, taking wickets but proving expensive.[29]

Away Tests against Pakistan 2007/2008[edit]

Steyn was picked for the Test squad to tour Pakistan in October, and played in both Tests. In the first Test at Karachi, during Pakistan's second innings, he picked up his third Test five-wicket haul as Pakistan were bowled out for 263 chasing 424 to win.[30] He had an unremarkable second Test, with the match petering out to a draw, handing South Africa the series 1–0, and finished the series with nine wickets at 24.66.[31]

Home Tests, ODIs and T20 against New Zealand 2007/2008[edit]

Steyn was by now an established member of the Test team, and he produced his finest series performance to date in the two Test matches against New Zealand in November. In the first Test at Johannesburg he collected his fourth and fifth five-wicket hauls (5/35 and 5/59) and his first ten-wicket match as New Zealand were thrashed by 358 runs, South Africa's biggest victory margin in terms of runs to date. Steyn was also awarded his first Test Man-of-the-Match award.[32] This devastating form continued into the second Test at Centurion where he picked up 4/42 in the first innings and his sixth five-wicket haul (6/49) to help South Africa to victory by an innings and 59 runs. His second ten-wicket match earned him his second Man-of-the-Match award in a row[33] and his series performance of 20 wickets at an average of 9.20[34] won him his first Man-of-the-Series award. On the back of his performance, he broke into the top five of the ICC rankings for Test bowlers for the first time in his career.[35]

He made his Twenty20 International debut on 23 November 2007 in the one-off game against New Zealand, taking the wicket of Scott Styris and only giving up 17 runs from his four overs.[36] He also featured in the third One Day International at Cape Town, where he had partial success, taking the wickets of the New Zealand openers, Brendon McCullum and Lou Vincent, but going for 50 runs from nine overs.[37]

Home Tests, ODIs and T20 against West Indies 2007/2008[edit]

Steyn's next international appearance was in the first Twenty20 International against the West Indies. He took the exceptional figures of 4/9 in three overs, with all four wickets being picture perfect yorkers, but was unable to stop the West Indies chasing down the target of 59 runs in a match reduced to 13 overs by rain.[38]

Steyn's form continued into the Test series. He had a fairly indifferent match in the first Test at Port Elizabeth, taking 5/188 in the match as the West Indies scored their first away victory in Test matches for two and a half years, although he did hit his highest Test match score to date, 33 not out, in South Africa's second innings.[39] He picked up figures of 4/60 and 4/44 in the second Test at Cape Town as South Africa leveled the series[40] and once again proved his worth in the deciding third Test at Durban by taking 1/18 and 6/72, his seventh five-wicket haul, as the West Indies were thrashed by an innings and 100 runs.[41] His 20 wickets at 19.10.[34] earned him his second consecutive Man-of-the-Series award.

He played in the first three matches of the One Day International series, but could not match his Test success and was briefly dropped after failing to take a wicket and going for 62 runs in his ten overs during the third match at Port Elizabeth[42] He was recalled for the fifth match at Johannesburg but struggled again, taking one wicket but going for 78 runs from ten overs.[43]

Away Tests and ODIs against Bangladesh 2007/08[edit]

In the first Test of the two match series against Bangladesh, at Dhaka, Steyn helped South Africa avoid an embarrassing defeat. Bangladesh were bowled out for 192 in their first innings, with Steyn claiming 3/27, but then South Africa collapsed to 170 all out, handing the hosts a shock 22 run lead. However Steyn (4/48) then combined with Jacques Kallis (5/30) to restrict Bangladesh to 182 all out and South Africa were able to complete a five wicket victory on the fourth day of the match.[44] South Africa won the second Test at Chittagong comprehensively (by an innings and 205 runs) and Steyn returned figures of 4/66 and 3/35[45] giving him 14 wickets in the series at an average of 12.57[34] which won him his third consecutive Man-of-the-Series award. When Steyn dismissed Junaid Siddique in Bangladesh's first innings (his 20th match), he claimed the record for the fastest South African to reach 100 wickets in Tests, beating Hugh Tayfield's record of 21 matches. He holds the record amongst all players who are currently playing Test cricket.[4]

Steyn featured in the final One Day International of the three match series, going wicketless but only giving away 19 runs in 8 overs.[46]

Away Tests against India 2007/08[edit]

Coming into the three Test series against India predictions about how Steyn would fare were mixed, with some commentators identifying him a crucial part of a South African team which could pose a serious challenge to India,[47] whilst others predicted he might struggle playing against a strong batting lineup on lifeless subcontinent pitches.[48]

The first Test at Chennai turned out to be a very high scoring affair, with South Africa batting first and making 540, then India responding strongly, led by Virender Sehwag who scored 319 from 304 balls, to reach 468/1 by the end of the third day. On the fourth day Steyn helped to restrict India's lead to 87 runs by dismissing MS Dhoni with a bouncer then blasting through the lower order, taking three wickets in two overs for the cost of two runs, all bowled with reverse swinging deliveries. He finished the innings, and the match which petered out into a tame draw, with four wickets for 103 runs.[49] On the morning of the second Test at Ahmedabad, South Africa demolished the much vaunted Indian batting line within twenty overs, for the meagre total of 76 runs. Steyn was the pick of the bowlers taking five wickets for 23 runs, dismissing Sehwag and Rahul Dravid then mopping up the last three batsmen for the cost of 11 runs. In the second innings he added a further three wickets to his match tally, finishing the game with eight wickets for 114 runs, as South Africa completed a crushing victory by an innings and 90 runs.[50] The final Test at Kanpur saw Steyn pick up three first innings wickets which took him to 15 wickets in the series at an average of 20.20. As a result of this, the cumulation of an outstanding 2007/08 season in which he took 75 wickets in 11 matches, Steyn moved up to joint first place (alongside Muttiah Muralitharan) in the ICC Test match bowling rankings.[51]

Away Tests against Australia 2008/2009[edit]

Steyn fields a ball at practice, Adelaide Oval, January 2009

In the 2nd Test match in a 3 match series, Steyn was involved in a record 9th wicket partnership of 180 with J.P. Duminy. Steyn recorded a score of 76 (191 deliveries) in an innings that helped South Africa recover from 6–141 to post a score of 459. Steyn also starred in the first innings with figures of 5–87 (29.0 overs).[52] In the second innings Steyn returned figures of 5–67 (20.2 overs) and helped South Africa to restrict the Australians to 247 giving the hosts a lead of 183. Steyn now has match figures of 10–154.[53] This is the third time that he has taken 10 wickets in a match in his test career. South Africa duly completed the chase with nine wickets in hand, giving them a 2–0 series lead and their first ever Test series win in Australia. It was also Australia's first home series defeat in 16 years. Steyn was named man of the match for this performance. Steyn made a rearguard effort in attempting to prevent an Australian victory in the 3rd Test in Sydney frustrating the hosts with 28 runs in 65 balls in a 50 run partnership from 105 balls with Makhaya Ntini in order to try to secure the draw. However, when he was out with 50 balls to go, injured captain Graeme Smith came in with a broken hand in an attempt to hold out. Smith was eventually bowled out by Mitchell Johnson with ten balls to go.

Away Tests Against West Indies 2010[edit]

In the first test against the Windies in the 2010 series, South Africa convincingly beat them, with Steyn take his 200th wicket, Sulimenn Benn, clean bowled (off stump). This was also the wicket that brought Steyn his 14th five – for, a superb achievement considering Steyn's modest record of only 38 tests.

ICC World Cup 2011[edit]

Dale Steyn got career best ODI figures of 5 wickets for 50 runs against India in Nagpur during the Cricket World Cup 2011. India had a good start to their batting innings but could not maintain their momentum, in the process losing their final 9 wickets for just 29 runs. Steyn played a vital role in the derailment of a strong Indian batting line-up.[54]

IPL Auction 2011[edit]

Dale Steyn was one of the players to go for over a million dollars in the auction for the fourth edition of the Indian Premier League. He was bought by the Deccan Chargers for $1.2 million.

He was awarded the man of the match against Mumbai Indians though Deccan Chargers lost the match.

Playing style[edit]

Steyn is an aggressive out-and-out fast bowler capable of bowling at speeds in excess of 150 km/h. He is capable of generating considerable swing and is usually chosen to bowl with the new ball to maximise these attributes.[55] He has also demonstrated the ability to reverse swing the older ball in a Test match against India in Nagpur in 2010,[56] which South Africa won by an innings and six runs. Steyn is an extremely competitive cricketer and often celebrates vigorously after taking a wicket. He has stated that he "love(s) the buzz from bowling fast" and that he "want(s) to be the quickest in the world".[57]

Steyn is usually considered a tail-ender when batting and often bats at number ten or eleven. However, he is a capable hitter of the ball and can also occupy the crease if required.

Achievements and Records[edit]

Test Five-wicket innings[edit]

Test Five-wicket innings
Number Figures Match Against City/Country Venue Season
1 5/47 4  New Zealand Centurion, South Africa SuperSport Park 2005/06
2 5/82 8  Sri Lanka Colombo, Sri Lanka P Saravanamuttu Stadium 2006
3 5/56 12  Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan National Stadium 2006/07
4 5/34 14  New Zealand Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2007/08
5 5/59 14  New Zealand Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2007/08
6 6/49 15  New Zealand Centurion, South Africa SuperSport Park 2007/08
7 6/72 18  West Indies Durban, South Africa Kingsmead 2007/08
8 5/23 22  India Ahmedabad, India Ahmedabad 2007/08
9 5/63 25  Bangladesh Bloemfontein, South Africa OUTsurance Oval 2008/09
10 5/87 28  Australia Melbourne, Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 2008/09
11 5/67 28  Australia Melbourne, Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 2008/09
12 5/51 35  England Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2009/10
13 7/51 37  India Nagpur, India Vidarbha Cricket Ass. Stadium 2009/10
14 5/29 38  West Indies Port of Spain, West Indies Queen's Park Oval 2010
15 6/50 45  India Durban, South Africa Kingsmead 2010/11
16 5/75 46  India Cape Town, South Africa Sahara Park Newlands 2010/11
17 5/73 50  Sri Lanka Durban, South Africa Kingsmead 2011/12
18 5/56 55  England London, England The Oval 2012
19 5/17 62  New Zealand Port Elizabeth, South Africa St George's Park 2013
20 6/8 63  Pakistan Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2013
21 5/52 63  Pakistan Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2013
22 6/100 69  India Durban, South Africa Kingsmead Sahara Stadium 2013

Test Ten-wicket Matches[edit]

Test Ten-wicket Matches
Number Match Figures Match Against City/Country Venue Season
1 10/93 14  New Zealand Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2007/08
2 10/91 15  New Zealand Centurion, South Africa SuperSport Park 2007/08
3 10/154 28  Australia Melbourne, Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 2008/09
4 10/108 37  India Nagpur, India Vidarbha Cricket Ass. Stadium 2009/10
5 11/60 63  Pakistan Johannesburg, South Africa Wanderers Stadium 2013

Test Man-of-the-Match Awards[edit]

Test Man-of-the-Match Awards
Number Match Bowling
1 5/34 and 5/59 13 and did not bat 14  New Zealand Johannesburg, South Africa New Wanderers Stadium 2007/08
2 4/42 and 6/49 25 and did not bat 15  New Zealand Centurion, South Africa SuperSport Park 2007/08
3 5/87 and 5/67 76 and did not bat 28  Australia Melbourne, Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 2008/09
4 6/8 and 5/52 12* and did not bat 63  Pakistan Johannesburg, South Africa New Wanderers Stadium 2012/13
5 6/100 and 3/47 44 and did not bat 69  India Durban, South Africa Kingsmead Sahara Stadium 2013/14

Test Man-of-the-Series Awards[edit]

Test Man-of-the-Series Awards
Number Matches Series Wickets and Bowling Average Series Runs and Batting Average Against Country Season
1 2 20 wickets at 9.20 38 runs at 19.00  New Zealand South Africa 2007/08
2 3 20 wickets at 19.10 59 runs at 29.50  West Indies South Africa 2007/08
3 2 14 wickets at 12.57 7 runs at 7.00  Bangladesh Bangladesh 2007/08

Career Best Performances[edit]

Batting Bowling
Score Fixture Venue Season Figures Fixture Venue Season
Tests 76  South Africa v  Australia MCG 2008 11–60  South Africa v  Pakistan Wanderers 2013
ODI 35  South Africa v  India Sawai Mansingh Stadium 2013 6–39  South Africa v  Pakistan Port Elizabeth 2013
T20I 5  South Africa v  England Bridgetown 2010 4–9  South Africa v  West Indies Port Elizabeth 2007
T20I 5  South Africa v  Netherlands Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium 2014
FC 82 Essex v Durham Riverside 2005 8–41 Titans v Eagles Bloemfontein 2007
LA 35  South Africa v  India Sawai Mansingh Stadium 2010 5–20 South Africa A v Sri Lanka A Colombo (RPS) 2005
T20 27* Sunrisers Hyderabad v Titans JSCA International Cricket Stadium 2013 4–9  South Africa v  West Indies Port Elizabeth 2007

Others[edit]

  • Steyn became the fastest South African to reach 100 wickets in Test matches, on 2 March 2008 in his 20th match but this record was subsequently bettered by Vernon Philander who achieved this figure in only his 19th match.
  • Steyn became the second fastest South African, behind Hugh Tayfield, to reach 150 wickets in Test matches, which he achieved in his 29th match.[58]
  • As of 2013 he had the fifth-best bowling strike rate of 41.1 (in Tests), behind George Lohmann, Vernon Philander, John Ferris and Shane Bond.[59]
  • In October 2012, alongside Philander and Morne Morkel, Steyn was part of a South African pace attack bowling coach and former test cricketer Allan Donald called the best the country had ever produced.[60]

Injuries[edit]

During the 2010 Champions League Twenty20, Steyn injured his head and back after backpedalling and falling over while taking the catch of Chennai Super Kings' Mike Hussey. He was unable to continue.

In August 2009, Steyn was asked to explain elevated morphine levels in his system following a random drug test in that season's Indian Premier League. After explaining he had been taking Myprodol ® [61]as treatment for migraine headaches, he was cleared of any doping offence.[62]

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