Dalea

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Not to be confused with Dahlia, in family Asteraceae
Dalea
White prairie clover flower dalea candida stem with the bottom flowering white and the top green.jpg
Dalea candida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Amorpheae[1]
Genus: Dalea
L.[2]
Species

182–219; see text.

Synonyms[2]
  • Kuhnistera Lam.
  • Parosela Cav.
  • Petalostemon Michx.
  • Thornbera Rydb.

Dalea is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. Members of the genus are commonly known as prairie clover[3] or indigo bush.[4] Its name honors English apothecary Samuel Dale (1659–1739).[5] They are native to the New World, where they are distributed from Canada to Argentina.[6] Nearly half of the known species are endemic to Mexico.[7] Two species of Dalea (Dalea ornata and Dalea searlsiae) have been considered for rangeland restoration.[8]

Species[edit]

Dalea comprises the following species:[3][9][10][11]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status[edit]

The status of the following species is unresolved:[11]

  • Dalea acutiflora Steud.
  • Dalea analiliana Spellenb.
  • Dalea austrotexana B.L.Turner
  • Dalea barbata (Oerst.) Aymard
  • Dalea ceciliana B.L.Turner
  • Dalea diversicolor Rydb.
  • Dalea enneandra Nutt.
  • Dalea filiciformis B.L. Rob. & Greenm.
  • Dalea flavescens (S. Watson) S.L. Welsh ex Barneby
  • Dalea flavorosea Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
  • Dalea goldmani (Rose) L.Riley
  • Dalea gymnocodon Barneby
  • Dalea holwayi Rose
  • Dalea humboldtiana Velarde
  • Dalea hypoglottidea DC.
  • Dalea lachnantha S.Schauer
  • Dalea lachnostachya A.Gray
  • Dalea lagopoda St.-Lag.
  • Dalea lateripes Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
  • Dalea longipes Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
  • Dalea lumholtzii B.L. Rob. & Fernald
  • Dalea lutescens Cervantes ex G. Don
  • Dalea megalostachya (Rose) Wiggins
  • Dalea melilotoides Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
  • Dalea moricandi D. Dietr.
  • Dalea mota Gentry
  • Dalea multifoliata Phil.f.
  • Dalea nelsonii (Rydb.) Barneby
  • Dalea pendulina Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
  • Dalea polyadenia F. Heller
  • Dalea scopa Barneby
  • Dalea seleriana Harms
  • Dalea unguicularis Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
  • Dalea unifoliolata C.B.Rob. & Greenm.
  • Dalea vernica (Rose) Greenm.
  • Dalea watsonii (Rose) Gentry
  • Dalea whitingi Kearney & Peebles

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  2. ^ a b "Genus: Dalea L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 5 October 2007. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Dalea". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  4. ^ Bailey LH, Bailey EZ, the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. (1976). Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York, NY: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-505470-7. 
  5. ^ Holloway JE, Neill A. (2005). A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas & the Southern Great Plains. Fort Worth, Texas: TCU Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-87565-309-9. 
  6. ^ Woods M, Hughes WS. (2013). "The genus Dalea in Alabama". Phytoneuron 2013 (30): 1–12. ISSN 2153-733X. 
  7. ^ a b Estrada-Castillón AE, Villarreal-Quintanilla JA. (2008). "A new species of Dalea sect. Parosela (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Amorpheae) from Durango, Mexico". Brittonia 60 (4): 332–35. doi:10.1007/s12228-008-9039-7. 
  8. ^ Cane JH, Weber M, Miller S. (2012). "Breeding biologies, pollinators, and seed beetles of two prairie-clovers, Dalea ornata and Dalea searlsiae (Fabaceae: Amorpheae), from the Intermountain West, USA". West N Am Naturalist 72 (1): 16–20. doi:10.3398/064.072.0102. 
  9. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Dalea". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Last edited on 1 November 2005 (rebuilt on 24 April 2013). Retrieved 7 July 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Dalea". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "The Plant List entry for Dalea". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  12. ^ Turner BL. (2006). "Dalea austrotexana (Fabaceae), a new species from southernmost Texas". Phytologia 88 (3): 288–93. 
  13. ^ Turner BL. (2010). "A new species of Dalea (Fabaceae) from southernmost Texas". Phytoneuron 2010 (50): 1–5. ISSN 2153-733X. 
  14. ^ It has been proposed that Dalea filiciformis be transferred to the genus Marina. See McMahon M, Hufford L. (2004). "Phylogeny of Amorpheae (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae)". Am J Bot 91 (8): 1219–1230. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.8.1219.  and Cardoso et al. 2013.

External links[edit]