|• Hebrew||דאלית אל-כרמל|
|• Arabic||دَالِيَةُ ٱلْكَرْمِل|
|• Type||Local council|
|• Head of Municipality||Carmel Nasreddin|
|• Total||15,561 dunams (15.561 km2 or 6.008 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||"The hanging vine of Carmel|
Daliyat al-Karmel (Hebrew: דלית אל כרמל Arabic: دَالِيَةِ ٱلْكَرْمِل) is a Druze town in the North District of Israel, located around 20 km southeast of Haifa. At the end of 2012, the population was 16,000. Daliyat al-Karmel, situated on Mount Carmel, is the country’s largest and southernmost Druze town.
In 1870 a local guide showed French explorer Victor Guérin extensive ruins located south of Daliyat al-Karmel, called Khirbet Doubel. The ruins were the most extensive on Mt. Carmel. Guérin thought it might be the town on Mt. Carmel mentioned by Pliny. Conder and Kitchener surveyed the area and noted "traces of ruins" at a place SE of the village centre called Dubil. Later excavations have found remains there from Iron Age I, Early Roman and Byzantine periods, together with pottery from first century to the second–third centuries CE.
In the 17th century, during the Ottoman period, Druze came from the hill country near Aleppo, Syria to Daliyat al-Karmel (lit. “Vine of the Carmel"), and in 1859 they were numbered by the English Consul Rogers to be 300 souls, who tilled twenty feddans.
In 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village. He found four hundred inhabitants, all Druze. The houses were mostly built of adobe, with only a few stone houses. The locals worshipped inside a cave, where he was not allowed.
In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as a "stone village of moderate size on a knoll of one of the spurs running out of the main watershed of Carmel. On the south there is a well, and fine springs on the west, near Umm esh Shukf. On the north is a little plain or open valley cultivated with corn (Merjat ed Dalieh). The inhabitants are all Druses." In the mid-1880s the population was estimated at 620 Druze.
In 1945 the population of Daliyat al-Karmel consisted of 2,060 Arabs and the land area was 31,730 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,506 dunams were designated for plantations and irrigable land, 18,174 for cereals, while 60 dunams were built-up areas.
The Israeli census of November 1948 counted 2,932 residents, while the number at the end of 1951 was estimated at 2,769.
The town was granted local council status in 1951. In 2003, it was merged with nearby Isfiya to create Carmel City. In 2008, the communities became separate once again. The town is famous for its colorful market.
In 2010, El Al, Israel's national airline, named one of its Boeing 767 airplanes Daliyat al-Karmel. Sheikh Muafak Tarif, leader of the Druze community, was presented with a miniature model of the plane at a special ceremony.
Dalyat al-Karmel has a popular market, known to many people around Israel
The shrine of Abu Ibrahim, whom the Druze consider their prophet, is in the oldest part of the town. Close by, is the home of Sir Laurence Oliphant, who spent his summers there in the 1880s with his wife Alice, and his secretary Naftali Herz Imber, author of the Israeli national anthem, Hatikva.
The Muharka Monastery located 2 kilometer southeast to Dalyat al-Karmel and marks the battle between prophet Elijah and the prophets of the Ba'al, it is belonging to the Carmelite Order. The nearby Horvat Dubba is a small archaeological site from the Roman and Byzantine periods.
In 2011, the Garden of the Mothers was inaugurated in Daliyat al-Karmel, symbolizing the sisterhood of Christian, Druze, Jewish, and Muslim women who work together in northern Israel. Forty-four trees were planted in memory of the 44 Israel Prison Services personnel who died in the Mount Carmel forest fire in 2010.
Culture and sports
In 2012, a tennis school financed by the Freddie Krivine Foundation opened in Daliyat al-Karmel and 12 youngsters take part in a weekly co-existence program with children at the Israel Tennis Center in Yokneam.
In 2007, Daliyat al-Karmel signed a partnership agreement with Ungheni, Moldova. In 2008, the Ambassador of Moldova, Larisa Miculet visited Daliyat al-Karmel at the invitation of the mayor, Akram Hasson.
- Majdi Halabi, Israeli missing soldier
- Ayoob Kara, former Likud MK
- Amal Nasser el-Din, former Likud MK
- Palmer; 1881, p. 108
- Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel 2013, Table 2.24
- Israel's forgotten tribe, BBC
- Guérin, 1865, p. 296-296
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 303
- Shadman, 2006, Horbat Devela, final report
- Golan, 2009, Horbat Devela, Final Report
- Naim Aridi (2009). The Druze in Israel. Univ.-Bibliotek Frankfurt am Main.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 281
- Guérin, 1875, p.248
- G. Schumacher (1887). "Population list of the lîvâ of 'Akka". Palestine Exploration Fund, Quarterly Statement: 169–191.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 47
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 89
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 139
- State of Israel, Government Year-Book 5713 (1952), page V.
- "Daliyat el-Karmel". Ministry of Tourism, State of Israel. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- The town at the heart of Druze culture
- El Al honors Druze community
- Streetwise: Rehov Oliphant, Haifa, Jerusalem Post
- Inauguration of the Garden of the Mothers
- Freddie Krivine Tennis Schools
- Ambassador Larisa Miculet has made a visit to the city of Daliat El-Carmel
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dalyat al-Karmel.|
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Golan, Sigal (2009): Horbat Devela, Final Report, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, Journal 119
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. Vol 2 Samarie; pt. 2.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Mülinen, Egbert Friedrich von 1908, Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Karmels "Separateabdruck aus der Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palëstina-Vereins Band XXX (1907) Seite 117-207 und Band XXXI (1908) Seite 1-258." ("Daliet el-kirmil": p. 242 ff. )
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Shadman, Amit (2006): Horbat Devela, final report, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, Journal 118