Dalkhola

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Dalkhola
ডালখোলা
Dalkhola is located in West Bengal
Dalkhola
Dalkhola
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 25°52′34″N 87°50′20″E / 25.876°N 87.839°E / 25.876; 87.839Coordinates: 25°52′34″N 87°50′20″E / 25.876°N 87.839°E / 25.876; 87.839
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Uttar Dinajpur
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Chairman Subhash Goswami
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 67,832
Languages
 • Official BengaliEnglish
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 733201
Telephone code +913525 25xxxx
Vehicle registration WB 59x xxxx commercial and WB 60x xxxx private vehicle
Lok Sabha constituency Raiganj
Vidhan Sabha constituency Karandighi
Climate Cwa (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,100 millimetres (43 in)
Avg. annual temperature 32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 41 °C (106 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 13 °C (55 °F)
Website DALKHOLA

Dalkhola is a city and municipality located in the Uttar Dinajpur district of the state of West Bengal, India.[1] It is the second most important commercial city in North Bengal.

History[edit]

Dalkhola was originally in the state of Bihar in India. After 1959, Dalkhola was located in the state of West Bengal. The town expanded around the Dalkhola village Panchayats and developed into an important centre for trade and commerce due to mainstream connection with both Railway and Roadway. It is an important center for commodities like jute, corn and oil trade in Uttar Dinajpur. It is also an important center for the trade of maize, which is produced in the neighboring state of Bihar.[2] Before the Independence of India in 1947 and later, the figure of Dalkhola was idly rural area where some Pucca  and Kacha roads were connected to nearest place. The area was covered by jungle in large, only a few area was used for living. Their main source of income was agriculture and fishery from Mahananda. That time it was ruled by Raja P.C.Lal. After Independence & partition of India, innumerable refugees came to Dalkhola from Bangladesh formerly known as East Pakistan & they live in Dalkhola rural area. Before in 1956, this area belong to the state of Bihar under Purnia district. In 1956 this area was transferred to Territory of West Bengal by endeavour of Chief Minister Dr. B.C.Roy. it is an important place in this spare of communication facility as NH-34 & NH-31 pass through this locality. Small villages are administered by Panchayat Raj, & they gradually develop into work-oriented busy market & that gradually convert into Small Township. With the growth of population and economic base establishment, the people of Dalkhola experienced a green revolution. In consequence, Dalkhola Municipality was set up on 1 st January, 2003 for upliftment of social and economic development.

Politics[edit]

Dalkhola became a municipality in 2003. In the Dalkhola municipal area, there were 14 Wards. But now 2 more ward are divided now there are 16 wards. In last election, the Indian National Congress won 9 seats out of 14, and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) won the other 5 seats. It is one of the four municipalities in North Dinajpur district. Dalkhola has 16 now. in Recently 2013 Municipality election Congress won 10 seats, cpim 4 and Tmc 2.

Development[edit]

Super market Dalkhola
Dalkhola library

Dalkhola is the largest exporter of Maize in West Bengal. In Dalkhola, a national level Power Grid was established in 1973, which expanded the availability of electricity to the Municipality. Other developments include a Flour Mill, and maize processing company which use the crops produced by local farmers.

Planned road projects in Dalkhola include a bypass road and bridge overpass to reduce traffic congestion in main market area of Dalkhola.

The new foothpath with kones and tiles are connected on the one side of NH 34.

And the Dalkhola municipality planned a big market like shopping mall on Dak bunglow.

Geography[edit]

Geographical map of Dalkhola

Dalkhola has an average elevation of 23 meters (75 feet) and is located at 25°51′N 87°51′E / 25.85°N 87.85°E / 25.85; 87.85.[3] It is the second-largest area in the Uttar Dinajpur district, with a length 13 km from East to West, 18 km from North to South. Dalkhola was divided on the 14 wards. But now to more wards are added, 9 number ward divided into 9 and 16 and 11 number ward diveded into 11 and 15.

The following 14 ward are:

  • Muhammad Pur
  • Hari Pur
  • Bhusamani
  • Mithapur
  • Deshbandhu Para
  • Dalkhola Bazar
  • High School Para
  • Dalkhola Basti
  • Subhash Pally
  • Farsara
  • Bidhan Pally
  • Uttar Dalkhola
  • Purnea More
  • Shikar Pur
  • Nichit Pur
  • Binoy colony
  • Shree pally
  • Vivekananda pally
  • Hatbari

Climate[edit]

The cooler months in Dalkhola begin in December and end in February. The temperature generally peaks at about 35 °C. The annual low temperature is usually near 10 °C. The monsoon season starts in June and runs through September.

Climate data for Dalkhola
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
26.5
(79.7)
32.6
(90.7)
37.7
(99.9)
38.9
(102)
36.7
(98.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.5
(88.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
31.53
(88.75)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
9.9
(49.8)
19.65
(67.37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
8
(0.31)
33
(1.3)
134
(5.28)
306
(12.05)
274
(10.79)
227
(8.94)
94
(3.7)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
1,130
(44.49)
Source: worldweather.org[4]

Schools[edit]

The schools in Dalkhola include:

Dalkhola High School
  • Dalkhola High School (H.S)
  • Dalkhola Girls High School (H.S)
  • Uttar Dalkhola High School (H.S)
  • Hindi High School (JR)
  • Middle School
  • Farsara F.P School
  • Nazarpur F.P School
  • Javahar Navadya Vidyalaya
  • Dalkhola Urdu jr High School

English medium schools[edit]

  • St. Mary's School
  • St. Stephen's School
  • St. Xvier's School
  • Dalkhola Public School(D.P.S)
  • Iqra Public School
  • Children's Academy
  • south point public school,(loknathpara)
  • holly cross school
  • National Public school (High school Para)

College[edit]

Shree Agrasen Mahavidyalaya (Dalkhola college)

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 India census, Dalkhola had a population of 13,891. In 2008, the population grew to approximately 19,000. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. The literacy rate in Dalkhola of 69% was greater than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy was 70% and female literacy was 63%. In Dalkhola, 18% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Decadal growth for the period 1991 to 2001 was 30.41% in Dalkhola, compared to 28.72% in the Uttar Dinajpur district.[5] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.[6]

Year of Establishment Dalkhola Municipality has been formed on 01 /01 /2003 as per Notification No. 1 /MA/0 /C-4 /1 M-14 / 2000 with the entire area of Dalkhola 1 and four mouza of Dalkhola 2 gram panchayats with a population of 29783 according of census 2001. Dalkhola Municipality is the 4 th Municipality of Uttar Dinajpur district constituted with 14 wards and first election was held on 22 /06 /2003 and second election was held on 29 /06 /2008. Sri Himadri Mukharjee was the first chairman and Sri Subhas Goshwami has become the Chairman in the second. Sri Tanay Day was the 3 rd Chairman. Now Sri Subhash Goswami again on the Chair.[7]

Transport[edit]

NH 34 starts from 31 in Dalkhola

Highway 34 cuts through the middle of the town to meet NH 31.[2] NH 34 starts from Dalkhola and its end in Dumdum, near kolkata to help northeastern part of India to connect kolkata.

There are two airports near Dalkhola. Bagdogra Airport is 100 km away, and Purnea Airport is 40 km from Dalkhola.

Dalkhola Railway Station

The largest railway station and busiest Rack point in the district is located in Dalkhola. This railway connects to several major cities, including Siliguri, Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi, Chennai and Patna. Bus transportation runs from Dalkhola to Siliguri, Raiganj, Kishanganj, Kaliaganj, Balurghat, and Malda.

and A.C buses in every five minutes for kolkata, Bhutan, Patna and Siliguri

Festivals[edit]

Many religious festivals are observed in Dalkhola. The three largest festivals are Durga puja, Eid, and Diwali. Other festivals include Holy, Kurbani, Chhat Puja, Muharram, Saraswati Puja, Kali Puja, Dushera, Christmas, and Bishwakarama Puja.

Media[edit]

Dalkhola press club is under on North Bengal Press club.

English-language newspapers in Dalkhola include the Times of India, The Economic Times, The Asian Age, The Statesman and The Telegraph. Several Bengali newspapers, including Uttarbanga Sambad, Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman, Ganashakti, Aajkaal and Pratidin are also available.

In addition to All India Radio,

Dalkhola receives almost all the television channels that are received by the rest of India. Apart from the state-owned terrestrial network Doordarshan, cable television serves most of the homes in the town, while satellite television is common in the outlying areas and in wealthier households. Besides mainstream Indian channels, local news broadcasts, sporting events, and concerts are broadcast live or delayed via cable to many households. DTH services both by government and private companies are also available such as Tata Sky, Dish TV, Videocon d2h, Digital TV (Airtel) and Big TV (Reliance). Dalkhola has four private channels: CCN, RCTV, DCCN DALKHOLA CABLE.

Internet cafes can be easily found in the main market area, served through broadband services provided by BSNL The area is serviced by cell phone companies such as Idea, Vodafone, Airtel, Aircel, BSNL, Reliance Communications, Tata Indicom, MTS, Tata Docomo, Virgin Mobile and Uninor. And also has 3G network of BSNL,

Airtel and IDEA

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uttar Dinajpur Rail Network Map". Maps of India. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  2. ^ a b Sen, Kousik. "New year gift for business hub". The Telegraph, 28 December 2002. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dalkhola
  4. ^ World Weather Information Service "Climatological Information for Dalkhola". World Weather. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  5. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Uttar Dinajpur District". Census of India 2001. North-Eastern Frontier Railway. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  7. ^ "Dalkhola city, Uttar Dinajpur District". city details. Akhtar Ahmed. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 

External links[edit]