Dallas, North Carolina

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For the city in Texas, see Dallas.
Dallas, North Carolina
Town
Location of Dallas, North Carolina
Location of Dallas, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°18′53″N 81°10′31″W / 35.31472°N 81.17528°W / 35.31472; -81.17528Coordinates: 35°18′53″N 81°10′31″W / 35.31472°N 81.17528°W / 35.31472; -81.17528
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Gaston
Incorporated 1863
Government
 • Mayor Rick Coleman
Area
 • Total 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 • Land 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 794 ft (242 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,488
 • Density 1,543/sq mi (595.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28034
Area code(s) 704, 980
FIPS code 37-16180[1]
GNIS feature ID 0983917[2]
Website www.dallasnc.net

Dallas is a small town in Gaston County, North Carolina, and a suburb of both Charlotte and Gastonia. The population was 4,488 at the 2010 census.[3] It was named for George M. Dallas, Vice President of the United States under James K. Polk.

Geography[edit]

Dallas is located at 35°18′53″N 81°10′31″W / 35.314816°N 81.175215°W / 35.314816; -81.175215 (35.314816, -81.175215).[4] It is approximately three miles north of the city of Gastonia and about 20 miles (32 km) west of Charlotte.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), all of it land.[3]

Dallas lies within the Long Creek watershed. Long Creek is a right tributary of the South Fork Catawba River. Dallas is drained by Long Creek tributaries Dallas Branch and Little Long Creek.[5]

History[edit]

Dallas was officially incorporated in 1863 and is the oldest incorporated town in Gaston County. It served as the original county seat for Gaston County from 1846 until 1911. The old Gaston County courthouse, renovated in 1868 after a fire, still stands in the main square of the town and formerly served as the headquarters of the Dallas Police Department.[6][7] The town government is planning to renovate the courthouse into a meeting and events space.[8]

Dallas began to decline in importance when the town commissioners refused to appropriate money for construction of bridges over several creeks for the Atlanta and Richmond Air-Line Railway in the 1872.[9] The commissioners said the reason was because residents thought that trains would wake them during the night and frighten their livestock.[10] After this the county seat was relocated to Gastonia in 1911.

The Dallas Graded and High School, Dallas Historic District, Hoyle House, and Eli Hoyle House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 4,488 people, 1,792 households, and 1,195 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,543 people per square mile (595.8/km2). There were 2,003 housing units at an average density of 690.7 per square mile (267.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 76.4% White, 15.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 4.9% some other race, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.0% of the population.[12]

There were 1,792 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 19.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.5 and the average family size was 3.04.[12]

In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.9 years. The male population was 47.7% and the female population was 52.3%.[12]

For the period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $35,625, and the median income for a family was $48,239. Male full-time workers had a median income of $32,203 versus $27,154 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,570. About 11.1% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Education[edit]

Dallas is the site of the main campus of Gaston College, a community college offering Associate Degree, Certificate, and Diploma programs. It is located on U.S. Highway 321 west of the city's business district.

Dallas is home to Costner Elementary, Carr Elementary, W.C. Friday Middle School, and North Gaston High School.

The Dallas Branch of the Gaston County Public Library serves this community.[14]

Places of interest[edit]

  • The Peter Hoyle House is an example of German-American architecture from the mid-late 18th century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • The Dallas Historic District, bounded by Holland, Main, Gaston and Trade streets, is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The district consists of eight buildings, including the former Gaston County Courthouse (built in 1848), former Gaston County Jail (1848), the Smyre-Pasour House (1850), Rhyne Store (1850), and the Hoffman Hotel (1852). The Hoffman Hotel is now home to the Gaston County Museum.[15][16]
  • North Gaston High School in Dallas was the location for filming of the 1999 movie Carrie 2.
  • Biggerstaff Park in Dallas is the venue of the "Shelby Hamfest", a gathering of amateur radio operators. This is one of the oldest and largest such festivals in the country.

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

Dallas is in the Charlotte-Gastonia viewing area. This is the list of the Television stations available in Dallas:

Radio[edit]

This is the list of the radio stations available in Dallas:

Notable residents and natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Dallas town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Gaston County Watershed Map
  6. ^ Gaston County official government website. Retrieved on 2011-10-25.
  7. ^ Dallas Police Department official web page. Retrieved on 2011-10-25.
  8. ^ "Historic courthouse to find new uses," Gaston Gazette, October 4, 2011. Retrieved on 2011-10-25.
  9. ^ Brief History, Town of Dallas official government website. Retrieved on 2008-07-10.
  10. ^ Link, William A. William Friday: Power, Purpose, and American Higher Education. Chapel Hill, N.C. University of North Carolina Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0-8078-2167-1
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Dallas town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Dallas town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  14. ^ Dallas Branch
  15. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Gaston County
  16. ^ Designated Gaston County Historic Properties

External links[edit]